Crystal Hops


A delicate blend of spices and flowers with a low bittering value.

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Hop Qualities

Crystal Hops Flavor

An American triploid variety developed in 1993 from Hallertau, Cascade, Brewer's Gold and Early Green. It is spicier than Hallertau (cinnamon, black pepper, and nutmeg). Substitutes: any Hallertau variety, Mount Hood, Liberty. (Reference)

Hop Growers of America Information

Crystal is a triploid variety that was bred by U.S.D.A. from Hallertau mf, Cascade, Northern Brewer, and Early Green. It is perceived as the most pungent of the triploid Hallertau family of hops, and is increasingly popular among U.S. craft brewers. It is a versatile variety that is used in Pilsners and Lagers, as well as in ESB’s and American and Belgian-style Ales. Crystal is primarily grown in Oregon.
Commercial Examples:
German-style Pilsner, Lager, Kölsch, ESB, Belgian Ales
Acid Range (Alpha %)
3.5–6.2% 3.5–6.2%
Beta Range
20–26% of alpha acids
Total Oils
1–1.5 Mls. per 100 grams dried hops
40–65% of total oils
4–8% of total oils
18–24% of total oils
Possible Substitutions

USDA Crystal Hops Information

SELECTION: Seedling selection Nr. 8309-37 from cross Nr. 9, made at Corvallis,
OR in 1983.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
PEDIGREE: USDA 21397 x USDA 21381M
Tetraploid Hallertauer mittelfrueh x (Cascade x USDA 65009-64034M)
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-OSU Experimental hop farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: Seedling selection from a controlled cross made by Dr. Alfred Haunold
at Corvallis, OR in 1983.
METHOD RECEIVED: Seedling selection
AVAILABITLITY: no restrictions, publicly released hop variety
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS. Notice of Release of Crystal, a new aroma hop cultivar. Washington DC, July 1993.
Alfred Haunold, Gail B. Nickerson, Ulrich Gampert, Donna Kling, and Stephen T. Kenny. 1995. Liberty and Crystal - two new US-developed Aroma hops. J. Amer. Society of Brewing Chemists 53: 9 - 13. 1995.
MATURITY: medium late to late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately susceptible
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: free of all major hop viruses at the time of its release
VIGOR: very good
YIELD: very good, 1,800 to 2,200 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24 to 48 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 2.8 to 4.4%
BETA ACIDS: 5.8 to 7.0 %
COHUMULONE: 21 to 26%
STORAGE STABILITY: fair to good, lost an average of 35% of original alpha acids after 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.82 ml/100 g. Humulene 26%, caryophyllene 7/7%, farnesene- trace,
Myrcene 47%. Ratio of Humulene/Caryophyllene = 3.38
MAJOIR TRAITS: Similar oil profile as Hallertauer mittelfrueh; pleasant continental-type
aroma; suitable for flavoring beers and ales when Hallertaur-type aroma
is desired.
OTHER INFORMATION: Crystal is a half-sister of Mt. Hood (USDA 21455), Liberty (USDA 21457), and Ultra (USDA 21484).


Crystal is a genteel, continental-lady-meets-American-belle with a delicate blend of spices and flowers. It has a low bittering value which adds to the charm.

Additional information

Weight 1.14 oz
Dimensions 1 × 2.5 × 2.5 in


  • Portland Beer Org, a great place to buy and learn about hops.   There, you can read about hop varieties, look up current Alpha Acid Percentages, and click a button to have hops delivered to your home.”

  • The Press Democrat, CA

    “There are many good websites for in-depth information, and one site in particular is from Oregon. It covers a wide range of information on growing hops.”

  • Serious Eats article on homebrewing

    “Fresh hops come around once a year in the fall. In the United States, most of the fresh hops you can get will come from Oregon or Washington (unless you grow them yourself.) One good source is Freshops,”

  • Stevie, TX

    FresHops is a great source. I get an order or two from them every year. ...their hops are incredible. The best Mt. Hood I have ever used has been from them. I really use that one a lot, and damn, it is tasty. I do like the clarity of wort produced when filtering through a bed of cones.

  • Barley69

    I love Freshops! They have a much better selection of American-style hops like simcoe-amarillo-Etc.

  • Aeneas via Brewboard

    I like Freshops, personally. They allow me to order in smaller increments and have a better selection.

  • Jonathan, The Beer Mapping Project

    As far as I can tell, this is also where many other homebrew shops also get their hop rhizomes from. Prices on rhizomes are a bit cheaper if you order directly from Freshops, so check their website in early spring to see which kind of hops and hop rhizomes they have for sale. Also, don't forget to check out their website for one-of-a-kind instructions on raising hops and tons of other articles about hops.

  • Atrill, Chicago IL

    My order for hop rhizomes arrived in less than a week - and they were in great shape when they arrived. I've had bad luck ordering hop rhizomes from others in the past, but I will order from them [Freshops] again.

  • Lily Jen, Jacksonville OR

    I ordered 5 different hop rhizomes from Freshops. Every one of them was very large and in great shape! Fast shipping, great prices, nice website. I will order from them again.

  • Carrie Hafele, AKGrows in Alaska

    I was half expecting this hop not to grow in AK, but some of its shoots are already three inches tall! I definitely recommend them and would get more if I had more places to plant them!

  • James Sullivan
    Got a couple pounds of Freshops delivered yesterday. Food for my hop rocket! Time to brew, thanks y'all!
    HAPPY NEW YEAR!!! — Providence Village, Texas.
  • SA Chris

    You guys rock! The rhizomes I ordered are kicking butt in southern New Jersey!

  • Shout out to Freshops for their quality brew product! Delicious hops.

  • Joshua King

    Super friendly and helpful staff! My order was processed and shipped graciously fast.

  • Corey Patrick

    I had nothing short of an excellent experience with Dave and his company, I would not hesitate to take my business back to him again. I made an error and told him there were some missing rhizomes, but upon further inspection, they were actually in the shipment. I quickly told him they were there, and he sent me more out of good will! I got a 100% growth rate on his rhizomes, and they're extremely healthy.

  • Donald Mowers

    Dave's selection of hops is very good and his knowledge is great.

  • James Deatherage

    Knowledgeable and helpful staff, always friendly and helpful.  5 stars on Google!

  • Dave at Freshops is a… super nice guy, and he runs a clean ship. I shop there.

  • Nancy Scott

    Everyone who saw my garden wanted to know what that gorgeous plant was! Next year they will be covering a 20′ x 20′ purgola. Thanks again!

  • David R. Waite

    I wanted to tell you how extremely pleased I am with the quality of these hops! I have never purchased whole hops that look and smell this wonderful.
    Thanks for quick turnaround on the order, and for making hops of this quality and value available to fellow homebrewers.

  • Joe Harris

    I called you on a Friday and ordered 8 rhizomes. The following Monday, I received the order in the mail. You must have processed my order immediately for it to arrive that quickly, thanks! Special thanks to you for tremendous service, great products at great prices.

  • Robert

    Just from the feel, and smell, of these hops, I can say that (Greg Noonan’s recommendation) was right on the money… thanks for a great product!

  • John Boston

    As a 13 year home brew veteran, and former president of the Fellowship of Oklahoma Ale Makers, I must say your hops were the freshest and highest quality I have ever seen or smelled. I have been a Northern Brewer fan since visiting the Anchor Brewery in 1987, but I have never come across any Northern Brewer hops that rivaled those Anchor uses... until this batch arrived. The 4 oz of Cascade that came as part of your Value Pack were also a delight to behold.

  • Rick Oftel

    Just wanted to thank you again for the extremely fresh and prompt shipment of my last order.
    Just last evening, I brewed up a German style lager using the N.Z. Hallertauer and Magnum whole hops.
    Looking forward to many future purchases and just wanted to thank you for your attention to detail and also for allowing me the chance to make such great beer!

  • Sherry Leveque

    I received your root stock in record time and excellent condition. I am impressed.

  • Mitch K.

    I have worked at two of the three largest nurseries in America, but I can’t recall anything that has a more vigorous growth rate than these hops.
    I just wanted to say thanks for the fast service and viable rhizomes. You are a great company!

  • Curtis Hale

    I am writing to thank you for an excellent transaction.