Hop Planting Season is March to May
We accept rhizome orders after March 1st.
Rhizome General Characteristics
Rhizomes’ sizes are a function of age, maturity and cultivation. Rhizomes are selected on the basis of viable buds or potential new shoots. We use several criteria to carefully select and ship only viable rootstock. Regular rhizomes take at least 1 year to become established. The second year will produce a full crop.
Rhizome Variety List
Not all varieties are available at all times. All rhizomes offered by Freshops are female. Click on the variety for a detailed USDA description.
|Name||Summary||Example||Flavor||Alpha Min||Alpha Max||hf:categories||hf:tags|
|Canadian Redvine Rhizome|
A hop with vigorous growth, excellent yield, good storage stability and moderate disease resistance that is considered ornamental by some, a secret treasure by others. Comparable to the highly popular Cascade.
Flowers, citrus & spice with notes of grapefruit create the wonderful bouquet of Cascade hops. Very good grower. Homebrewer’s #1 hop.
|Very successful and well-established American aroma hop developed by USDA-ARS's breeding program in 1956 from Fuggle and Serebrianker (a Russian variety), but not released for cultivation until 1972. It has a flowery and spicy, citrus-like quality with a slight grapefruit characteristic. One of the "Three Cs" along with Centennial and Columbus. Substitutes: Centennial and Columbus (but they have a higher Alpha Acid content).||hop-rhizomes-aroma-hop-rhizomes|hop-rhizomes|
Flowers and citrus are the most evident aromas. It has a medium aroma with mid to high bittering value. Often times referred to as Super Cascade. Somewhat finicky to grow.
A pine forest washed with exotic spice infused with grapefruit. The alluring aroma and high bittering value has gained this hop the full respect of all brewers. Excellent disease resistant strong grower.
The siblings Columbus, Tomahawk, and Zeus are often called CTZ; they are an interesting dichotomy of sharp and herbal, ranking high on the bittering scale. These new, super high alpha varieties were developed in the Yakima (WA) Valley as part of the Hopsteiner breeding program. Vigorous growth with good yield, mid-to late-season maturity; moderately susceptible to Powdery Mildew, aphids and mites.
|American IPAs & Pale Ales, Stout, Lager||A high yielding, high alpha acid American bittering hop. Also known by the trade name Tomahawk. One of the "Three Cs" along with Cascade and Centennial. Like the others it is citrusy and slightly woody. Columbus has a very high amount of total oils, and can impart a 'resiny' quality to a beer.||14.5||16.5||hop-rhizomes-bittering-hop-rhizomes|hop-rhizomes-dual-purpose-hop-rhizomes|hop-rhizomes|
The dominant hop variety in England for 70 years until high alpha varieties were introduced. A low-to-moderate yielding aroma variety that matures early to mid-season.
|English and American style ales||This variety was noticed growing "wild" in the hop garden of George Stace Moore's house at Horsmonden in Kent, England in 1861. In 1875 it was introduced by Richard Fuggle who lived in the village of Brenchley (not far from Horsmonden) and hence it was called Fuggle. The aroma is earthier and less sweet than Kent Goldings.||4||5.5||hop-rhizomes-aroma-hop-rhizomes|hop-rhizomes|
Golding hops consist of a group of traditional English aroma varieties that have been cultivated since 1790. Clones of the variety mature at various stages over the harvest period. A moderate-to-high-yielding aroma variety first planted in the US in 1995 and continues to grow in popularity despite susceptibility to mildews and wilt.
|All English style Ales, ESB, Bitters, Belgian Ales||This is a group of traditional and very popular English aroma hops grown prior to 1790. Widely cultivated also in the U.S. They are called East Kent Goldings if grown in East Kent, Kent Goldings if grown in mid-Kent, and Goldings if grown elsewhere in the U.K. There are many different named cultivars such as Amon's Early Bird, Cobbs, Bramling, Canterbury, Petham Rodmersham and in Worcestershire - Mathon. They tend to have a smooth, sweet flavour. Most types of Goldings will work in place of another (Whitbread Golding Variety for East Kent Goldings, e.g.).||4||6||hop-rhizomes-aroma-hop-rhizomes|hop-rhizomes||english|moderate-yield|traditional|
A late-maturing Hallertauer hybrid developed at the Hop Research Institute in Hüll (Germany) with excellent yield potential, high alpha content, good storage stability and resistance to wilt and Downy Mildew, low tolerance to Powdery Mildew.
|Pale Ales, Ales, IPAs, German-style Lager||A bittering/aroma type cultivar, bred in 1980 at Hüll, the German Hop Research Instititute. It was bred from the American variety Galena with a German male hop (75/5/3). It seems to contribute to a smooth bitterness combined with a good aroma. This variety is now also cultivated in the U.S.||12||17||hop-rhizomes-bittering-hop-rhizomes|hop-rhizomes|
|Mt. Hood Rhizome|
Hallertauer hybrid that was released in 1989 from the USDA breeding program in Oregon. More vigorous and disease resistant than its German counterparts with low alpha acids, beta acids and cohumulone but high humulene content.
|German Lagers, American Lagers, Pilsners, Bocks, Wheat, Alt, and Helles beers||Soft American variety developed from Hallertau. Frequently used in styles that require only a subtle hop aroma. Named for Mount Hood in Oregon.||4||7||hop-rhizomes-aroma-hop-rhizomes|hop-rhizomes||disease-resistant|floral|high-humulene|high-vigor|low-alpha|low-beta|mild|spicy|subtle|
A high-yielding, high alpha, vigorous, disease resistant variety that has become Oregon’s second most widely-grown hop since its release from the USDA breeding program in 1983. It has significant acreage in Washington State as well. Low cohumulone percentage and good storage capability.
|All Ales, Stouts||Floral, resiny aroma and flavor. Primarily a bittering hop.||11.5||14||hop-rhizomes-bittering-hop-rhizomes|hop-rhizomes-dual-purpose-hop-rhizomes|hop-rhizomes||disease-resistant|good-storage|high-vigor|high-yield|
Moderate, clean bittering qualities and a refreshing, spicy aroma.
|German dual-purpose hop. Often used in combination with other hops. Spicy and slightly floral/fruity.||7||9.5||hop-rhizomes|
|Sorachi Ace Rhizome|
Soreachi Ace Hops are good yielding hop with minimal disease issues. A Japanese winner by all counts.
|Powerful lemon aroma, high bittering value and flavorful personality.||hop-rhizomes||citrus|lemon|
Saaz hybrid characterized by golden yellow leaves; developed in 1990 at the USDA breeding program in Oregon; vigorous with early maturity and good yield; moderate resistance to Downy Mildew and Verticillium Wilt. Despite its name, prefers filtered sun; excellent ornamental choice.
A triploid hybrid of the English Fuggle released in 1976 from the USDA breeding program. Fragrant, spicy, woody aroma.
|Ales, Lagers||The king of aroma hops in the U.S. with its modest bittering value and sublime blend of flowers, fruit, earth and spice notes.||4||6||hop-rhizomes-aroma-hop-rhizomes|hop-rhizomes||willamette-rhizome|
Freshops recommends Cascade, Magnum and Nugget for beginners.
The following were sources for the descriptions used in rhizome descriptions.