USDA Named Hop Variety Descriptions

Source: Oregon State University High Alpha Acid Breeding Program

(vf = virus free)

Hop variety profiles are listed in alphabetical order.

Ahil 21050
Alliance 66050
AlphAroma 21406
Apolon 21051
Aquila 21222
Atlas 21052
Aurora 21053
Backa 56002
Backa 21080
Banner 21287
Bianca 21698
Blato 21527
Blisk 21238
Blue Northern Brewer 21079
Bobek 21239
BOR 704 21285
Bramling 21284
Bramling Cross 68051
Brewer's Gold 19001
Brewer's Gold vf 21116
Buket 21240
Bullion 64100
Bullion 10A, vf 21056
Bullion 6A 21196
Calicross 66054
Canadian Redvine 21679
Canterbury Golding 21681
Cascade 56013
Cascade, vf 21092
Cekin 21613
Celeia 21611
Centennial 21507
Cerera 21612
Chelan (no USDA Nr.)
Chinook 21226
Cicero 21614
Columbus (no USDA Nr.)
Columbia 21040
Comet 62013
Crystal 21490
Defender 62053
Density 62052
Dunav 21081
Early Cluster 65103
Early Prolific 21276
Early Promise 21277
Eastern Gold 21678
Eastern Green 21700
East Kent Golding 21680
Eastwell Golding 21669
Elsaesser 21170
Eroica 21183
Eroica, vf 21220
F-10 (no USDA Nr.)
First Choice 66055
Fuggle 19209
Fuggle H 48209
Fuggle H, v.f. 21650
Fuggle N 21016
Fuggle tetraploid 21003
Furano Ace 21701
Galena 21182
Galena v.f. 21699
Golden Star 21039
Green Bullet 21404
Groene Bel 21216
Hallertauer Gold 21671
Hallertauer Tradition 21672
Hallertauer Magnum 21670
Hallertauer mf 56001
Hallertauer mf 21014
Hallert. mf tetraploid 21397
N.Zealand Hallertauer 21610
Herbrucker 6 21514
Herbrucker 8 21515
Hersbrucker 9 21516
Hersbrucker alpha 21518
Hersbrucker E 21179
Hersbrucker G 21185
Hersbrucker Pure 21673
Hersbrucker red-stem 21517
Horizon 21373
Hueller Bitter 21097
Hybrid-2 21167
Janus 62051
Kent Golding 21680
Keyworth's Early 21278
Keyworth's Mid-season 21279
Kirin II 21286
Kitamidori 21677
Landhopfen 21172
Late Cluster, L16 21011
Late Cluster, L8 65104
Liberty 21457
Lubelski-Pulawy 21113
Lubelski-Pulawy,vf 21523
Lucan 21528
Mt.Hood 21455
Nadwislanska 21114
Nadwislanska,vf 21524
Neoplanta 21082
Nordgaard 1478 21215
Northern Brewer 64107
Northern Brewer, vf 21093
Nugget 21193
Olympic 21225
Omega 21667
Orion 21675
Pacific Gem 21609
Perle 21227
Petham Golding 68052
Pocket Talisman 21115
Precoce d'Bourgogne 21168
Pride of Kent 21280
Pride of Ringwood 66052
Progress 66051
Record 21078
Saazer 21077
Saazer 36 vf 21521
Saazer 38 vf 21522
Saazer tetraploid 21534
Saazer Osvald 72C 21532
Saazer Osvald 72C,vf 21538
Saazer Osvald 72Y 21525
Saazer Osvald 72Y, vf 21535
Santiam 21664
Savinja Golding 61020
Saxon 21282
Serebrianka 21045
Shinshuwase 60042
Sirem 21214
SmoothCone 66056
Sorachi Ace 21702
Southern Brewer 21187
Southern Cross 21703
Spalter 21186
Spalter Select 21674
Star 21217
Sterling 21689
Sticklebract 21403
Strisselspalter 21173
Styrian 21049
Sun (no USDA Nr.)
Sunbeam 21697
Sunshine 21281
SuperAlpha 21405
Symphony (no USDA Nr.)
Talisman 65101
Tardif d'Bourgogne 21169
Tettnanger 21015
Tettnanger (Swiss) 61021
Tetnanger A 21496
Tettnanger B 21497
Tillicum (no USDA Nr.)
Tolhurst 21396
Toyomidori 21676
Ultra 21484
Universal 21531
US Tettnanger 21197
Vanguard Sel.Nr. 8251-167 (no USDA Nr.)
Viking 21283
Wye Viking 21283
Vojvodina 21083
Whitbread's Golding 21668
Willamette 21041
Wuerttemberger 21682
Wye Challenger 21043
Wye Saxon 21282
Wye Target, vf 21112
Yakima Cluster, L 1 65102
Yeoman 21498
Yugoslavia Golding 61019
Zenith 21499
Zeus (no USDA Nr.)
Zlatan 21533

USDA ACCESSION NO. : 19001
SELECTION: Seedling selection made in 1919 at Wye College, England
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Brewer's Gold
PEDIGREE: Wild Manitoba BB1 x Open Pollinated (OP)
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Selected by E. S. Salmon at Wye College, England, in 1919. The mother plant BB1
was obtained in 1916 as a cutting from a wild hop growing at Morden, Manitoba. It was believed to have been a genuine wild North American hop.
DATE RECEIVED: Before 1950
METHOD RECEIVED: Unknown, probably rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Salmon, E. S. Two new hops: Brewer's Favourite and
Brewer's Gold. J. South-East Agricultural College, Wye, Kent, England 34:93-105. 1934.
Burgess, Hops, Interscience Publishers, New York 1964.
Romanko, R. R., in S. S. Steiner's Guide to American Hops. S. S. Steiner Inc., New York, 1986
2nd edition
MATURITY: Late
LEAF COLOR: Light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: infected with all five major hop viruses
VIGOR: Excellent, occasionally uneven spring regrowth
YIELD: High, 1500-2400 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24-36 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 9.2% (10 year range: 7.1 to 11.3%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.8% (10 year range: 3.3 to 6.1%)
COHUMULONE: 39 (10 year range: 36 - 45)
STORAGE STABILITY: Poor
OIL: 1.96 ml/100 g (10 year range: 1.38 to 3.42). Humulene 11.3% Caryophyllene 6.5%; myrcene 66.7%; no farnesene. H/C ratio = 1.73
MAJOR TRAITS: Excellent yield potential, excellent pickability, heavy cone weight, good parent for crossing.
OTHER INFORMATION: Identical to USDA 21116. This cultivar was a major hop variety, particularly in Oregon until it was discontinued from commercial production in 1985 after the advent of superalpha hops which had higher alpha-acids content and improved storage stability. Brewer's Gold is the ancestor of most major high-alpha hops grown around the world today (1997). It is still grown commercially in some parts of the world, notably Belgium and Spain.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 19209
SELECTION: Obtained from England, probably Wye College, prior to 1950
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Fuggle
PEDIGREE: Unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis, Oregon
ORIGIN: Seedling found in the hop yard of George Stace at
Horsmonden, Kent, England, in 1861 and introduced by
Richard Fuggle of Benchley in 1875.
DATE RECEIVED: Prior to 1950
METHOD RECEIVED: Unknown
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: A. H. Burgess. Hops, Botany, Cultivation, and Utili zation. World Crops Books, Interscience
Publishers Inc., New York 1964, p. 40.
Romanko, R. R., in: Steiner's Guide to American Hops.
S. S. Steiner Inc. New York, 1973, p. 19.
MATURITY: Early
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant
Verticillium Wilt: moderately susceptible
Viruses: carries the Apple and Cherry strain of Prunus Necrotic Ringspot virus, sometimes also Hop Mosaic virus
VIGOR: Low to medium
YIELD: Low, 900-1100 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12-20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5.1% (13 year average; range 2.4 to 6.1)
BETA ACIDS: 2.4% (13 year average; range 2.1 to 2.8)
COHUMULONE: 27% (range 25-29%)
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good, retained 75% of original alpha acids after
6 months storage at room temperature
OIL: 0.60 ml/ 100 g (7 year range: 0.44 to 0.83 ml/100 g). Humulene 26.6% Caryophyllene 9.1%; myrcene 43.4%; farnesene 4.3%. H/C ratio =2.94
MAJOR TRAITS: resistant to downy mildew, pleasant European aroma
OTHER INFORMATION: nearly identical to USDA 48209, a selection developed
From USDA 19209. Also closely related to Styrian
(USDA 21049). Grown commercially in Oregon since the turn of the century but has now been replaced by USDA 48209. This hop is also the mother of USDA 21003, the tetraploid Fuggle which gave rise to Willamette, USDA 21041

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USDA ACCESSION NO: 21003
SELECTION: Tetraploid (2n = 40) developed by colchicine treatment of
Fuggle (USDA 19209) at Corvallis, OR. In 1966.
GENUS: humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: tetraploid Fuggle
PEDIGREE: like Fuggle H, USDA 48209 or Fuggle (USDA 19209)
PRIMARY SITE: USDA hop germplasm collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: chromosome doubling by colchicine treatment in 1966
DATE RECEIVED: 1966
METHOD RECEIVED: selection of soft wood cuttings
AVAILABILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Haunold,. A., S.T. Likens, and C.E.Horner. Registration
Of Fuggle T autotetraploid hop germplasm (Reg. Nr. GP 1)
Crop Science 11: 945. 1971
MATURITY: early
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
Diseases: Downy mildew: resistant
Verticillium wilt: moderately susceptible
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: poor
YIELD: low (less than 1000 lbs/acre)
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 - 20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5% ( 5 year range: 3.7 to 5.8)
BETA ACIDS: 2.4% (5 year range: 2.0 to 3.0)
COHUMULONE: 26%
STORAGE STABILITY: good
OIL : 0.93 ml/100 g (5 year range: 0.47 - 1.17)
MAJOR TRAITS: tetraploid, useful for producing triploid hops.
Reference: A. Haunold, Cytology , sex expression and
Growth of a tetraploid x diploid cross in hop (humulus lupulus L) Crop Sci. 11: 868 - 871. 1971.
Haunold, A. Polyploid breeding with hop (humulus lupulus L.)
Master Brewer's Ass'n of America, Tech. Quarterly 9: 36-40. 1972
OTHER INFORMATION: female parent of the triploid cultivars Columbia (USDA
21040), and 21041 (Willamette).

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21011
SELECTION: Obtained by mass selection in an existing commercial yard
of Late Cluster in the Yakima Valley, Washington, by C.E.
Skotland in the late 1950's.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Late Cluster selection L16
PEDIGREE: Most likely a single plant selection from Late Cluster
USDA 19208, grown commercially in the Yakima Valley
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Single plant selection made at Prosser, WA in the late
1950's
DATE RECEIVED: 1957; USDA Accession No. assigned in 1969.
METHOD RECEIVED: Mass selection
AVAILABILITY: No restriction, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: Skotland, C.B. Improvement of Cluster hops. Master
Brewers Association of America (MBAA) Technical Quarterly
10(3): 119-122. 1973.
Romanko, R.R. In: Steiner's Guide to American Hops.
S.S. Steiner Inc., New York, NY. 1973. Library of
Congress Catalog Card No. 73-81457, pp. 25-27.
USDA-ARS Annual Report and Data Summary for Hop Res. 1969. pp. 7-8.
MATURITY: Late
LEAF COLOR: Moderately dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: susceptible
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: 1,800-2,200 lbs/acre
SIDEARM LENGTH: 15-36 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5.8% (10-year range 4.8-6.4%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.2% (10-year range 3.9-4.7%)
COHUMULONE: 39%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good (retains 80-85% of original alpha acids after 6
months room temperature storage)
OIL: 0.5 ml/ 100 g
MAJOR TRAITS: high yield potential, very susceptible to downy mildew,
Excellent storage stability
OTHER INFORMATION: L 16 is one of several Cluster selections grown commercilly in the Yakima Valley, WA. Clusters are among the major hop cultivars grown in the United States, having excellent storage stability, good yield potential and medium alpha acids content. In recent years (1990s) Cluster acreage has declined in favor of super alpha hops, but Clusters are still a major export hop for American growers. This hop is a sister selection of L8 (USDA 65104), and Yakima Cluster (USDA 65102). All Cluster hops are interchangeable in brewing and quality.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21014
SELECTION: Selected in the German Hallertau area, north of Munich,
probably from an old landrace about 100 years ago.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Hallertauer mittelfrueher or Hallertauer mittelfrueh (m.f.)
PEDIGREE: Unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Obtained from Dr. R.R. Romanko, SW Idaho Agricultural
Experiment Station, Parma, Idaho, who brought it to the
U.S. via Coors Brewing Company, Golden,Colorado, in the late1960's.
DATE RECEIVED: 1970; USDA Accession No. assigned in 1970.
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report on Hop Investigations for 1970, pp.11-12.
Romanko, R.R. 1973. In: Steiner's Guide to American
Hops, S.S. Steiner, Inc., New York, NY, pp. 31-33.
Kohlmann, Hans, and Alfred Kastner. Der Hopfen.
Hopfenverlag Wolnzach, Germany. 1975. p. 34.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately susceptible
Verticillium wilt: very susceptible
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Poor to good
YIELD: Low (about 800 lbs/acre)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 3-5%. ( 12 year range: 3.3 to 5.5%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.4%. (12 year range: 3.3 to 5.6%)
COHUMULONE: 20%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to poor (retained 55% of original alpha acids at 6
months room temperature storage)
OIL: 0.8 ml/100 g; Humulene 35.7%; caryophyllene 10.4%; myrcene 36.0% Farnesene trace; H/C ratio = 3.42
MAJOR TRAITS: Highly aromatic. Valued worldwide for its noble aroma
characteristics as a fine finishing hop for super premium beers.
THER INFORMATION: Extreme susceptibility to Verticillium wilt and low yield
potential caused steady decline of this hop in the
Hallertau, the major German hop growing area. The old
Hallertauer mittelfruh has practically disappeared from
commercial production, but the trade has accepted a
relatively new selection, Hallertauer Gold, as a partial
substitute. Not grown commercially in the United States
except in a new planting (about 500 acres) of virusfree
Hallertauer m.f. near Bonners Ferry, ID. (Ref. A.
Haunold. Travel Report to Anheuser Busch Inc., July 1991, 4 pp.)


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USDA ACCESSION No: 21015
SELECTION: Selected in the German Tettnang area from an old
Land race
GENUS: humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Tettnanger, Schwetzinger, Deutscher Fruehhopfen
PEDIGREE: unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop cultivar collection, OSU East farm
ORIGIN: obtained from Dr. R.R. Romanko, SW Idaho Agr. Expt. Station, Parma, ID who brought it to the US via Coors Brewing Co., Golden, CO.
DATE RECEIVED: 1970
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: no restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: USDA annual report of Hop Investigations for 1970, pp 11-12; Romanko R.R., 1973. In: Steiner's Guide to American hops, S.S. Steiner Inc., New York, NY p 33. Kohlmann, H., and A. Kastner. 1975: Der Hopfen, p 34. Hopfenverlag Wolnzach, Germany.
MATURITY: early
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: unknown.
VIGOR: fair to good
YIELD: low to medium (1000 to 1400 lbs/acre)
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 - 36 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 4.5% (10-year range: 3.0 to 5.8%)
BETA ACIDS: 3.8% (10-year range: 2.8 to 5.3%)
COHUMULONE: 24%
STORAGE STABILITY: fair to good (retains 61% of original alpha acids after 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.56 ml/100 g. (12 year range: 0.36 to 1.07). Humulene 20.4%
Caryophyllene 6.2%; myrcene 40.6%; farnesene 11.3%. H/C ratio = 3.39
MAJOR TRAITS: European "noble" aroma characteristics desired by brewers worldwide for producing super premium beers; reddish hue on main vine, particularly where sidearm branch off. Ratio of alpha: beta near 1
OTHER INFORMATIOIN: Tettnanger acreage has expanded significantly in the US in recent years -called US Tettnanger (which however is not a true Tettnanger but similar to Fuggle). German Tettnanger is grown primarily in the Tettnang area of SW Germany and on a few acres in Switzerland across from lake Konstanz. This hop is thought to belong to the Saaz group of varieties and it commands premium prices on world hop markets.


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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21039
SELECTION: Bud sport from Shinshuwase (USDA 60042)
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Golden Star
PEDIGREE: Saazer x White Vine-OP
Selected by Dr. Y. Mori, Sapporo Brewery, Japan, from Shinshuwase
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Bud sport
DATE RECEIVED: 1971
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1971,
pp. 13-14
Hop obtained from Professor Murayama, Toshoku Ltd.,
Nihonbashi, Tokyo, Japan.
Other references: Gene Pools of Hop Countries, T.
Wagner, ed. 1978, p. 48.
MATURITY: Late
LEAF COLOR: Light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant
Verticillium Wilt: unknown
Viruses: infected with Prunus Necrotic Ringspot Virus (both apple and cherry strains), Hop Latent Virus,
American Hop Latent Virus, but free of Hop Mosaic Virus
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: High, 1600-2000 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 20-36 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5.4% (5-year range 4.4-6.7%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.6 (5-year range 3.8-5.5%)
COHUMULONE: 50%
STORAGE STABILITY: Good to fair (retained 64% of original alpha acids
after 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.63 ml/100 g (5-year range 0.45-1.0 ml). Humulene 12.5%;
Caryophyllene 5.2%; myrcene 57.1%; no farnesene. H/C ratio = 2.43
MAJOR TRAITS: Yellowish light green leaf color, particularly at the
tip of the leaves. Nearly identical to Shinshuwase
(USDA 60042).
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is grown commercially only in Japan as an
aroma hop. It is very difficult to pick and shatters
easily, particularly when grown seeded.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21040
SELECTION: Seedling selection 6761-61 of cross 6761 made at Corvallis, Oregon in 1967.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Columbia
PEDIGREE: Tetraploid Fuggle (USDA 21003) x Fuggle seedling 2-4
PRIMARY SITE: USDA Hop Germplasm Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Cross 6761 made in 1967 at Corvallis, Oregon
DATE RECEIVED: Selected and Accession No. assigned in 1971
METHOD RECEIVED: Seedling selection.
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar.
REFERENCES: Haunold, A., S. T. Likens, C. E. Homer, C. E. Zimmer
mann and D. D. Roberts. Registration of Columbia Hop
(Registration No. 5). Crop Sci. 16:738-739. 1976.
Haunold, A., S. T. Likens, C. E. Homer, G. B. Nicker
son and C. E. Zimmermann. Columbia and Willamette, two
new aroma-type hop varieties. Brewers Digest 52:36-39, 56. 1977.
Schwartz, B. W. New American Hop Varieties. In:
Steiner's Guide to American Hops, Book 2. 1977. S. S.
Steiner, New York, NY.
MATURITY: Medium late
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: free of Prunus Necrotic Ringspot virus (cherry and apple strain) and
Hop mosaic virus
VIGOR: Excellent
POLLEN SHEDDING: Very good, 1800 to 2200 lbs per acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24-40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 8.8% (10 year range: 6.8 to 11.5%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.0% (10 year range: 2.9 to 5.6%)
COHUMULONE: 40%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good
OIL: 1.21 ml/100 9 (10 year range: 0.46 to 1.61). Humulene 16.7%
Caryophyllene 7.3%; myrcene 54.6%; farnesene 4.1%. H/C ratio = 2.26
MAJOR TRAITS: Triploid (2n=30), seedless even in the presence of
fertile males, high yield potential, Fuggle type aroma
profile, good storage stability, medium small cone size.
OTHER INFORMATION: Sister selection of Willamette (USDA 21041). About 300
acres grown commercially in Oregon in the early 1980's
but discontinued in favor of Willamette.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21041
SELECTION: Seedling selection No. 6761-117 of cross 6761 made at
Corvallis, Oregon in 1967.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Willamette
PEDIGREE: Tetraploid Fuggle (USDA 21003) x Fuggle seedling 2-4
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Cross 6761 made in 1967 at Corvallis, Oregon
DATE RECEIVED: Selected and Accession Number assigned in 1971
METHOD RECEIVED: Seedling selection
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: Haunold, A., C. E. Homer, S. T. Likens, D. D. Roberts
and C. E. Zimmermann. 1976. Registration of Willa-
mette Hop. Crop Sci. 16: 739.
Haunold, A., S. T. Likens, C. E. Homer, G. B.
Nickerson and C. E. Zimmermann. 1977. Columbia and
Willamette, two new aroma type hop varieties. Brewer's
Digest 52:36-39, 56.
MATURITY: Medium
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant
Verticillium Wilt: tolerant to moderately susceptible
Viruses: free of Prunus, Apple and Hop Mosaic Virus
VIGOR: Excellent
YIELD: Very good, 1700-2200 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24-40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 6.6% (10 year range: 5.2 to 11.1)
BETA ACIDS: 3.8% (10 year range: 2.9 to 5.0)
COHUMULONE: 29-35%
STORAGE STABILITY: Good
OIL: 0.8-1.2 ml/100 g. Humulene 21.2%; caryophyllene 7.4; myrcene 51.0%
Farnesene 5.0%. H/C ratio = 2.89
MAJOR TRAITS: Triploid (2n = 30), seedless even in the presence of
fertile males, high yield potential, Fuggle-type aroma profile.
OTHER INFORMATION: Used as Fuggle replacement by a major U.S. brewer.
Grown primarily in Oregon. 2100 acres grown in 1986
(mostly in Oregon) produced 3.4 million lbs (6.9% of
U.S. production). Major acreage expansion in 1987. In 1997 Willamette
ranked third in US hop acreage (7,578 acres) and produced 11.144 mill.lbs.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21043
SELECTION: Sell No. l/61/55 from a cross made at Wye College England, in 1961
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Wye Challenger
PEDIGREE: German Zattler-OP x No. Brewer-downy mildew res. male
(17/54/2) x (1/61/57)
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Cross made at Wye College, England, in 1961
DATE RECEIVED: 1971; PI Nr. 369162
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Neeve, R.A. Ann. Rep. for 1969, Dep. Hop Research, Wye
College, Univ. London. p 10.
Wagner, T. Gene Pools of Hop Countries. p. 24. Inst.
Hop Research, Zalec, Yugoslavia. 1978.
Neeve, R.A. Hops. Chapman and Hall, London/New York.
First edition 1991, p. 204.
MATURITY: Medium to medium late
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant
Powdery Mildew: resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant; also resistant to progressive wilt.
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Good to very good
YIELD: Substantially better than Northern Brewer (USDA 64107)
Variable yield performance over a 10-year period in small
plots near Corvallis (800-1600 lbs/acre)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 7.9% (10-year range 6.2-9.8%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.6% (10-year range 3.6-5.9%)
COHUMULONE: 23%
STORAGE STABILITY: Good to very good (71% alpha remaining after 6 months
room temperature storage)
OIL: 1.35 ml/100 g (10-year range 0.60-1.90 ml/100 g). Humulene 16.4%
Caryophyllene 5.5%; myrcene 55.1%; farnesene 0.6%. H/C ratio = 2.99
MAJOR TRAITS: Highly resistant to downy mildew (Pseudoperonospora
humuli), higher alpha acids potential than Northern
Brewer (64107) or Bullion (64100); resistant to Verticillium wilt.
OTHER INFORMATION: This cultivar is one of the major hop varieties grown in
England in the 1980's and early 1990's.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21045
SELECTION: no information
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Serebrianka, Silver Hop
PEDIGREE: no information
PRIMARY SITE initially at USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, Corvallis, OR
Discarded in 1991 bewcause it was very weak and almost impossible
to maintain in the collection
ORIGIN: Institute for Plant Research, Leningrad, USSR (now: St. Petersburg, Russia)
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1971 via Dr. J.L. Creech, New Crops Branch, USDA, ARS
P.I. number 376933
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Annual Reports for Hop Research, USDA/ARS, 1971 and later years
MATURITY: early
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderately resistant
Powdery mildew: no information
Verticillium wilt; no information
Viruses: no information
VIGOR: poor
YIELD: very poor
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 6 - 12 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 3 - 4 %
BETA ACIDS: 3 %
COHUMULONE: 23 %
STORAGE STABILITY: poor, retained about 53% of its original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.41 ml/100 g. Humulene 27%; caryophyllene 8 %; farnesene 12%;
Myrcene 30%; H/C ratio = 3.30
MAJOR TRAITS: high humulene and high farnesene content, pleasant continental aroma
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is part of the female pedigree of Cascade (USDA 56013). Serebrianka may be related to Saazer (USDA 21077) .

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21044
SELECTION: Sel. No. 4/63/25 made at Wye College, England
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Wye Northdown
PEDIGREE: Northern Brewer x downy mildew resistant male.
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Cross made at Wye College, England in 1963
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1971
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes, USDA PI No. 369163
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: Neeve, R.A. 1968. Northdown: A downy mildew resistant
selection. Ann. Rep. for 1968. Wye College, Univ. London. pp. 34-36.
Wagner, T. Gene Pools of Hop Countries. p. 30. Inst.
Hop Res., Zalec, Yugoslavia. 1978.
Neeve, R.A. Hops. Chapman and Hall, 1991, first edition, p. 204.
MATURITY: Medium late
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant
Powdery Mildew: resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Good to very good but variable in USDA test plots near Corvallis
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-24 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 8.3% (10-year range 6.2-9.8%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.6% (lO-year range 3.6-5.9%)
COHUMULONE: 23%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good (retained over 70% of original alpha acids
after 6 months room temperature storage)
OIL: 1.35 ml/lOO g (lO-year range 0.6-1.90)
MAJOR TRAITS: Resistant to both powdery and downy mildew. The powdery
mildew resistance is due to a single gene, the "blister" type.
OTHER INFORMATION: This variety has been one of the major English hop varieties in the 1980's and early 1990's.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21049
SELECTION: Selected about 80 years ago in Yugoslavia from a
Fuggle introduced from England.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Styrian, Savinjski Golding, Yugoslavia Golding,
Savinja Golding (synonyms).
PEDIGREE: Unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Identical to USDA 48209
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1972
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar.
REFERENCES: Kralj, D. Feststellung der Verwandtschaft zwischen den
Hopfensorten (Humulus lupulus) Savinja Golding, Fuggles
and Early Bird Golding. (Relationship between the hop
varieties Savinja Golding, Fuggles and Early Bird
Golding). Mimeo Report, Institute for Hop Research,
Zalec, Yugoslavia. 1969. Kralj, D., Ascertaining the
similarities among the varieties of hops (Humulus
lupulus) Savinia Golding, Fuggles, and Early Bird
Golding. Hmeljarstvi bilten st. 2:65-75. 1972.
(Slovenian with English summary).
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Dark Green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildw: resistant
Verticillium Wilt: moderately susceptible
Viruses: free of Prunus, Apple Mosaic, and Hop Mosaic Viruses
VIGOR: Medium
YIELD: Medium low: 1200-1500 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: Short (12-24 inches)
ALPHA ACIDS: 5.6% (10 year range: 4.2 to 7.8)
BETA ACIDS: 3.0% (10 year range: 2.1 to 6.4)
COHUMULONE: 28%
STORAGE STABILITY: Good
OIL: 0.92 ml/100 g
MAJOR TRAITS: Early, resistant to Downy Midlew, European aroma properties
OTHER INFORMATION: Major Yugoslavian export hop primarily to Mexico,
Kenya, and South America, formerly also exported to the United States.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21050
SELECTION: Seedling selection No. 17/126 made at the Hop Research
Institute Zalec, Slovenia, Yugoslavia in the early 1970's
by Dr. Tone Wagner, hop breeder.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Ahil
PEDIGREE: 19001 x male 3/3
Brewer's Gold x Yugoslavian wild male 3/3 (USDA 21087M)
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm,
Corvallis
ORIGIN: Seedling of controlled cross made at Zalec, Yugoslavia,
in the early 1970's
DATE RECEIVED: 1972; USDA Accession No. assigned in 1972
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: Wagner, Tone. Autochthonous hop in Yugoslavia and its
usability for breeding new varieties in comparison with
the hop varieties grown at present. Final Research
Report, USDA-Yugoslavia Cooperative Project E30-CR-90/FG
Yu-186, May 1974, pp. 255-258.
Wagner, Dr. Tone, and Dragica Kralj. Properties of
Slovenian aroma hop varieties and new breeding lines.
Talk presented to the 27th Congress of the European Union
of Hop Trade, Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, May 21-22 1979;
Proceedings printed in German and English.
USDA/ARS WASHINGTON DC NOTICE OF RELEASE OF BANNER,
A RECENTLY DEVELOP COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE HOP
CULTIVAR. 1995
MATURITY: Medium to medium late
LEAF COLOR: Green to light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: tolerant
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably tolerant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Good
YIELD: Good to very good (considerable year-to-year fluctuations)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-24 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 10-12%
BETA ACIDS: 4-5%
COHUMULONE: 25%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to good (retained 50% of original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storage)
OIL: 1.8-2.2 ml/100 g; ratio humulene/caryophyllene 1.90
Humulene 7.6%; caryophyllene 4.3%, myrcene 61.1%;
Farnesene 10.4%. H/C ratio = 1.96
MAJOR TRAITS: High alpha acids content
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop together with its sister selections Apolon (USDA21051), Atlas (USDA 21052), and a related selection,Aurora, (USDA 21053) entered the hop trade in the 1970's
as "Superstyrian" hops. The implication was that they be similar to Styrian (Fuggle-type) hops but higher in alpha acids content. In reality they are Brewer's Gold seedlings, and their quality characteristics are
different from the true Styrian (USDA 21049, Savinski Golding). This has caused considerable confusion in the world hop trade. In recent years the acreage of Superstyrians has been reduced in favor of the old
established Savinski (Styrian) Golding (21049). The acreage of Ahil in Slovenia has remained very limited.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21051
SELECTION: Seedling selection No. 18/57 made in the early 1970's at
the Hop Research Institute, Zalec, Slovenia, Yugoslavia, by Dr. Tone Wagner
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Apolon
PEDIGREE: USDA 19001 x USDA 21087M
Brewer's Gold x Yugoslavian wild male 3/3
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Hop Research Institute Zalec, Yugoslavia
DATE RECEIVED: 1972
USDA Accession No. assigned in 1972
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: Wagner, Tone. Autochthonous hop in Yugoslavia and its
usability for breeding new varieties in comparison with
the hop varieties grown at present. Final Research
Report, USDA-Yugoslavia Cooperative Project E30-CR-90/FG
Yu-186, May 1974, pp. 255-258.
Wagner, Dr. Tone, and Dragica Kralj. Properties of
Slovenian aroma hop varieties and new breeding lines.
Talk presented to the 27th Congress of the European Union
of Hop Trade, Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, May 21-22 1979;
Proceedings printed in German and English.
MATURITY: Medium late
LEAF COLOR: Green to light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably resistant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Good to very good
YIELD: Good, but fluctuates over the years
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-24 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 10-12%
BETA ACIDS: 4%
COHUMULONE: 26%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to good (retained 57% of original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storage)
OIL: 1.3 to 1.6 ml/100 g
MAJOR TRAITS: High alpha acids content; ratio of humulene/caryophyllene 2.25
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop together with its sister selections Ahil (USDA
21050), Atlas (USDA 21052), and a related selection,
Aurora (USDA 21053), entered the hop trade in the 1970's
as Superstyrian hops. The implication was that they be
similar to Styrian (Fuggle-type) hops but higher in alpha
acids content. In reality they are Brewer's Gold seed
lings, and their quality characteristics are different
from the true Styrian (USDA 21049, Savinski Golding).
This has caused considerable confusion in the world hop
trade. In recent years the acreage of Superstyrians has
been reduced in favor of the old established Savinski
(Styrian) Golding (USDA 21049). The acreage of Apolon in
Slovenia has remained very limited.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21052
SELECTION: Seedling selection No. 18/135 made in the early 1970's at
the Hop Research Institute, Zalec, Slovenia, Yugoslavia, by Dr. Tone Wagner
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Atlas
PEDIGREE: 19001 x 21087M
Brewer's Gold x Yugoslavian male 3/3M
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Hop Research Institute Zalec, Yugoslavia
DATE RECEIVED: 1972; USDA Accession No. assigned in 1972
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions
REFERENCES: Wagner, Tone. Autochthonous hop in Yugoslavia and its
usability for breeding new varieties in comparison with
the hop varieties grown at present. Final Research
Report, USDA-Yugoslavia Cooperative Project E30-CR-90/FG
Yu-186, May 1974, pp. 255-258.
Wagner, Dr. Tone, and Dragica Kralj. Properties of
Slovenian aroma hop varieties and new breeding lines.
Talk presented to the 27th Congress of the European Union
of Hop Trade, Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, May 21-22 1979;
Proceedings printed in German and English.
MATURITY: Medium late to late
LEAF COLOR: Green to moderately light green
SEX: Female, but occasional sterile male flowers develop
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown, but probably resistant
Viruses: infected with Apple and Cherry strain of Prunus
Necrotic Ringspot virus, Hop Mosaic virus; shows
conspicuous yellow flecking on lower leaves
VIGOR: Fair to good
YIELD: Poor to good
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-24 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 9-11%
BETA ACIDS: 4%
COHUMULONE: 36%
STORAGE STABILITY: Poor (retained about 50% of the original alpha acids
after 6 months room temperature storage)
OIL: 1.3-1.6 ml/100 g; ratio humulene/caryophyllene 1.8-2.1
MAJOR TRAITS: Moderately high alpha acids content
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop together with its sister selections Ahil (USDA
21050) and Apolon (USDA 21051) and a related selection, Aurora (21053),
entered the hop trade in the 1970's as Superstyrian hops. The implica
tion was that they be similar to Styrian (Fuggle-type) hops but higher in
alpha acids content. In reality they are Brewer's Gold seedlings, and their quality characteristics are different from the true Styrian (USDA 21049, Savinski Golding). This has caused considerable confusion in the
world hop trade. Of the three sister selections Atlas had the greatest expansion in the late 1970's in Yugoslavia (over 400 acres). Acreage has since been reduced somewhat in favor of the old established
Savinski (Styrian) Golding (USDA 21049).

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21053
SELECTION: Seedling Selection No. 12/61 made at the Hop Research
Institute Zalec, Yugoslavia, by Dr. Tone Wagner in the early 1970's
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Aurora
PEDIGREE: 64107 x TG
Northern Brewer x Yugoslavian wild male TG growing near the institute
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Hop Research Institute Zalec, Yugoslavia (now Slovenia)
DATE RECEIVED: 1972; Accession No. assigned in 1972
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: Wagner, Tone. Autochthonous hop in Yugoslavia and its
usability for breeding new varieties in comparison with
the hop varieties grown at present. Final Research
Report, USDA-Yugoslavia Cooperative Project E30-CR-90/FG
Yu-186, May 1974, pp. 256-267.
Wagner, Dr. Tone, and Dragica Kralj. Properties of
Slovenian aroma hop varieties and new breeding lines.
Talk presented to the 27th Congress of the European Union
of Hop Trade, Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, May 21-22 1979;
Proceedings printed in German and English.
MATURITY: Medium early to medium late
LEAF COLOR: Green to moderately dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably resistant or tolerant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Good to very good
YIELD: Good to very good
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 10-12%
BETA ACIDS: 4-5%
COHUMULONE: 22%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good (retained 70-75% of original alpha acids after
6 weeks room temperature storage)
OIL: 1.1-1.8 ml/100 g; ratio humulene/caryophyllene 3.27
MAJOR TRAITS: High alpha acids content, European aroma, good storage stability.
OTHER INFORMATION: Similar in quality characteristics to Northern Brewer;
this hop achieved the largest acreage of all the four
Superstyrians (over 1000 acres) released in the early
1970's; Aurora, together with Ahil (USDA 21050), Apolon
(USDA 21051) and Atlas (USDA 21052) entered the hop trade
in the early 1970's as Superstyrian hop similar to
Styrian Golding (USDA 21049). All four, however, have
higher alpha and different aroma properties than Styrian
which led to confusion. Aurora seems to be the best of
the four in terms of yield potential and aroma. Acreage
has been reduced somewhat in recent years in favor of the
old established Savinski (Styrian) Golding (USDA 21049).

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21056
SELECTION: Heat treated meristem tip culture of Bullion, USDA 64100 GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Bullion 10A
PEDIGREE: Wild Manitoba BB1 x OP (open pollinated)
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Developed from Bullion (USDA 64100) through heat
treatment and meristem tip culture at Prosser, Washing
ton. Original Bullion was developed at Wye College,
England, by Professor Salmon and released in 1938.
DATE RECEIVED: 1972
METHOD RECEIVED: Rooted softwood cuttings
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: Salmon, E. S. Bullion hop, a new variety. Journal
South-East Agricultural College, Wye, Kent, England, 42:47-52. 1938.
Burgess, A. H. Hops. Interscience Publishers, New York, 1964, p. 46.
Romanko, R. R. In Steiner's Guide to American Hops.
S. S. Steiner, Inc. New York, 1973, p. 20-21.
MATURITY: Medium early
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: free of prunus and apple mosaic virus
VIGOR: Excellent
YIELD: High, 2000-2500 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 20-40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 10.7% (10 year range: 8.0 to 13.8%)
BETA ACIDS: 5.2% (10 year range: 2.8 to 6.9%)
COHUMULONE: 42%
STORAGE STABILITY: Poor
OIL: 1.55 ml/100 g (10 year range: 0.58 to 2.50)
MAJOR TRAITS: Moderately high alpha-acids content, extract hop, good
vigor, high yield potential, poor storage stability
OTHER INFORMATION: Medium to small but heavy cones; tips of bracts and
bracteoles curved upwards. Discontinued from commercial U.S. production in
1985.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: USDA 21077
SELECTION: Originally selected in Czechoslovakia from a hop that
has been grown in the area since the middle ages
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Saazer, also called Bohemian, Bohemian Red Hop,
Zatezki poloranny zervenak (Saazer medium early red hop)
PEDIGREE: Unknown, appears to be related to Hersbrucker
(USDA 21185) and Spalter (USDA 21186)
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Czechoslovakia
DATE RECEIVED: January 1973, Accession No. assigned in 1974
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Reports of Hop Investigations 1973 (p. 7), 1974 (p. 20)
MATURITY: Early -
LEAF COLOR: Medium green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium Wilt: unknown
Viruses: carries prunus necrotic ringspot virus (apple strain)and hop Mosaic
virus
VIGOR: poor, especially in early spring when sleepers (lack of growth) are common
YIELD: poor, less than 800 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 6 - 10 inches, plants often fail to reach top of the trellis (18 ft)
ALPHA ACIDS: 4.3% (10 year range: 2.8 - 6.6)
BETA ACIDS: 3.6% (10 year range: 2.7 - 4.6)
COHUMULONE: 24%
STORAGE STABILITY: fair to good, retains 51% of the original alpha acids after 6 months room
temperature storage
OIL: 0.62 ml/100 grams (7 year range: 0.30 - 1.07)
MAJOR TRAITS: very pleasant noble aroma suitable for production of super premium beers,
mild bitterness particularly suited for Pilsener-type beers
OTHER INFORMATION: Not grown commercially in the United States (except for northern Idaho)
because of low yields Imported to the US in substantial quantities when available .Similar and perhaps identical to other Czech hops such as Osvald clone 72,USDA Nr. 21525 and 21532, Aromat, Sirem, Lucan, Blato,Zlatan and others. In 1990 Osvald Clone 72 (USDA 21535 and 21358) were established in northern Idaho (Bonners Ferry) for commercial production by Anheuser Busch Inc. (About 1200 acres in 1995)

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21078
SELECTION: Seedling selection made in Belgium prior to 1970
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Record
PEDIGREE: Northern Brewer x Saazer-OP
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Location 21:9-12
ORIGIN: Belgium
DATE RECEIVED: 1974
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes from Ing. E. Deprettere, Ministry of
Agriculture, Iper, Belgium
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Reports beginning in 1975
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Medium green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown
Viruses: infected with Prunus Necrotic Ringspot virus, hop mosaic and hop
latent virus.
VIGOR: Medium to good
YIELD: Low, about 1200 lbs/acre
SIDEARM LENGTH: 10-15 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 8.9% (10-year range 7-12%)
BETA ACIDS: 6.6% (10-year range 4-8%)
COHUMULONE: 27%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair, 58% remaining after 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.82 ml/100 g (10-year average)
MAJOR TRAITS: Aroma similar to Northern Brewer (USDA 64107), pleasant
European aroma characteristics, H/C ratio 3.0, myrcene
below 50%, humulene 26-28%
OTHER INFORMATION: Medium small compact cones, naturally seedless even when
grown in the presence of fertile diploid males,
chromosome number: diploid 2n-20; grown commercially in
Belgium and Germany.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21079
SELECTION: clonal selection of a leaf color mutant
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Blue Northern Brewer
PEDIGREE: Canterbury Golding x OB 21
(identical to Northern Brewer USDA 64107)
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: Ministry of Agriculture, Ieper Belgium. Mr. Depreterre, an official
In the Belgian Agriculture adminisration found it as a mutant in a
Commercial Norhern Brewer yard in Belgium
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1974
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: A. Haunold. Notice of releasae of Blue Northern Brewer hop, an ornamental. USDA. ARS. Washington DC October 272, 1992.
MATURITY: early
LEAF COLOR: dark reddish blue
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderately resistant
Powdery mildew: no information
Verticillium wilt: tolerant to resistant
VIGOR: Viruses: free of PNRV , Apple Mosaic virus and American Hop Latent Virus
YIELD: very poor
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 6 - 12 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 6 - 8%
BETA ACIDS: 3 - 4%
COHUMULONE: 24%
STORAGE STABILITY: good, retained 78% of its original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.76 ml/100 g. Humulene 29%; caryophyllene 1w0%; farnesene none;
Myrcene 27 - 40%; H/C ratio = 2.96
MAJOR TRAITS: dark blue leaf color, attractive as an ornamental
OTHER INFORMATION: The leaf color is likely due to a single gene. Crosses between Blue Northern Brewer and a male with dark stem pigmentation yhielded a number of seedling with very dark leaf color similar to the female parent. Some are now candidates for release as ornamental hops with much better vigor than the original Blue Northern Brewer.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21080
SELECTION: Unknown, probably from an indigenous Yugoslavian landrace
grown in the Backa Region
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Backa
PEDIGREE: Unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA Female Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Dr. M. Acimovic, Institute for Agricultural Research,
Novi Sad, Yugoslavia
DATE RECEIVED: 1974; USDA Accession No. assigned in 1974.
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: Commercial cultivar, no restrictions
REFERENCES: Kisgeci, Jan. Chmeliarske Pohladnice (History of Hop
Growing in Vojvodina). Novi Sad. 1979 (English Summary pp. 156-165).
Wagner, T. Gene Pools of Hop Countries. 1978. p. 68.
USDA Annual Report for Hop Investigations 1974, pp. 1520 Kisgeci, Jan, Andrej Mijavec, M. Acimovic, P. Spevak, and
Novica Vucic. 1984. Hmeljarstvo. 374 pp. (English
summary). Poljoprivredni Fakultet, Univ. Novi Sad, Yugoslavia.
MATURITY: Late
LEAF COLOR: Light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately susceptible
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably tolerant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Good to very good
YIELD: Fair to good in U.S. trials, very good in Yugoslavia
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: Slightly lower than USDA 56002
BETA ACIDS: Slightly lower than USDA 56002
COHUMULONE: 25%
STORAGE STABILITY: Good (67% of original alpha acids remaining after 6
months room temperature storage)
OIL: 0.60 ml/100 g (8-year range 0.39-1.0); H/C ratio below
3.28; humulene slightly below 33%
MAJOR TRAITS: High yield potential in Yugoslavia but poorly adapted in
many other parts of the world; good aroma properties,
similar to established European "Noble Aroma" hops.
OTHER INFORMATION: Alpha acids content in the Backa Region of Yugoslavia has dropped dramatically in recent years to as low a 1%. The hop trade is concerned. The reasons are unknown but probably not due to viruses since spot tests by ELISA have revealed low virus titers. This hop is probably identical to USDA 56002.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21081
SELECTION: From a cross made in the late 1960's or early 1970's at
the Institute for Agricultural Research, Univ. Novi Sad,
Yugoslavia; Hop Research Station Backi Petrovac. Cross
was probably made by Mr. Andrej Mijavec who was hop breeder at the time
GENUS: Humulus
SPECI lS:uuul
CpIsLTVU: ARnaDu Pv
IGRE D:EErtNo hrnrewe(B er1076 4x) lmaSxe[ (250-;
] )ethmal r ie onad gitefrom ethcrosSas kvoins GiinSgld(U
A0D12 4x )9liw uY dgalsonaivpoh
IRP YRAMTIS ESU :W ADdlro poHtluCravi lloCitce ,noOE US tsamraF,vroCilla
.sOIGIRS :Nldeeis gncelenoit;DSU cA AsseciN noa .ogissni de91 n
47D ETAECERDEVI:791 M
4OHTEDCER EVIER :Dhmozi
seIAVALLIBA:YTImoC micrec laitluv ,rar onrtseioitc
snEFERRECNEU :S ADSAaunneR ltrop rof poHevnIsagitnoit1 ,s9 ,47 .pp2-510W
.engaT ,r.neG oP e sloof Hop Countries. 1978. p. 68,
Zalec, Yugoslavia.
Acimovic, Milivoje. Institute of Agricultural Research
Maksima Gorkog 30, 21000Novi Sad, Yugoslavia. Breeding
new hop varieties with high alpha resin contents and
resistance to downy mildew. USDA/ARS/Yugoslavia
Cooperative Research No. YO-ARS-32-JB-25; P-ZF-32.
November 1, 1975 - October 1, 1976.
Kisgeci, Jan, Andrej Mijavec, M. Acimovic, P. Spevak, and
Novica Vucic. 1984. Hmeljarstvo. 374 pp. (English
summary). Poljoprivredni Fakultet, Univ. Novi Sad, Yugoslavia.
MATURITY: Late
LEAF COLOR: Green to dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably tolerant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Very good
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 6.9% (10-year range 5.1-9.6%)
BETA ACIDS: 3.6% (10-year range 2.8-4.6%)
COHUMULONE: 30%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good (retained 74% of original alpha acids after 6
months room temperature storage)
OIL: 1.19 ml/100 g (range 0.73-1.72 ml/100 g); humulene 19%,
H/C ratio 3.13.
MAJOR TRAITS: Higher alpha potential than the established Backa variety
in the region; high yield potential; reddish coloration on the stems.
OTHER INFORMATION: Cultivar was originally intended to replace the aroma variety Backa in world hop markets. Thus far the hop trade has not accepted this cultivar, and acreage remains limited in Yugoslavia. Sister of Neoplanta (21082) and Vojvodina (21083).

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21082
SELECTION: From a cross made in the late 1960's or early 1970's at
the Institute for Agricultural Research, Univ. Novi Sad,
Yugoslavia; Hop Research Station Backi Petrovac; cross
was probably made by Mr. Andrej Mijavec who was hop
breeder at the time.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Neoplanta
PEDIGREE: Northern Brewer (64107) x [male (SxS02)]
the male originated from the cross Savinski Golding (USDA
21049) x wild Yugoslavian hop
PRIMARY SITE: USDA Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Seedling selection; USDA Accession No. assigned in 1974
DATE RECEIVED: 1974
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: Commercial cultivar, no restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report for Hop Investigations, 1974, pp.15 - 20.
Wagner, T. Gene Pools of Hop Countries. 1978. p. 68, Zalec, Yugoslavia
Acimovic, M. Novi Sad, Yugoslavia, 1976. Breeding new
hop varieties with high alpha resin contents and
resistance to downy mildew. USDA-Yugoslavia Cooperative
Research YO-ARS32-JB-25; P-ZF-32. Nov. 1975 to October 1976
. Kisgeci, Jan, Andrej Mijavec, M. Acimovic, P. Spevak, and
Novica Vucic. 1984. Hmeljarstvo. 374 pp. (English
summary). Poljoprivredni Fakultet, Univ. Novi Sad, Yugoslavia.
MATURITY: Late
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: intermediate to resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably tolerant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Excellent to very good
YIELD: Very good
SIDEARM LENGTH: 20-30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 9.1% (10-year range 7.4-12.0%)
BETA ACIDS: 3.9% (10-year range 2.9-5.0%)
COHUMULONE: 36%
STORAGE STABILITY: Good (retained 63% of original alpha
room temperature storage)
OIL: 1.28 ml/100 g; humulene 20%, H/C ratio 2.30; contains
about 5% farnesene.
MAJOR TRAITS: High alpha acids and high yield potential; green stems
(in contrast to the red stems of Dunav).
OTHER INFORMATION: Originally developed to replace the landrace Backa, a lower alpha noble aroma hop; thus far the variety has not been accepted by the world hop trade and acreage remains very limited. Sister of USDA 21081 (Dunav) and Vojvodina (USDA 21083).

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21083
SELECTION: From a cross made in the late 1960's or early 1970's at
the Institute for Agricultural Research, Univ. Novi Sad,
Hop Research Station Backi Petrovac, Yugoslavis. Cross
was probably made by Mr. Andrej Mijavec who was hop breeder at the time.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Vojvodina
PEDIGREE: Northern Brewer (64107) x [male (Sx502)]
the male originated from the cross Savinski Golding (USDA
21049) x wild Yugoslavian hop
PRIMARY SITE: USDA Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Seedling selection
DATE RECEIVED: 1974; USDA Accession No. assigned in 1974
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: Commercial cultivar, no restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report for Hop Investigations, 1974, pp. 15 - 20. Wagner, T. Gene Pools of Hop Countries. 1978. p. 68, Zalec, Yugoslavia.
Acimovic, M. Novi Sad, Yugoslavia, 1976. Breeding new
hop varieties with high alpha resin contents and
resistance to downy mildew. USDA-Yugoslavia Cooperative
Research YO-ARS32-JB-25; P-ZF-32. Nov. 1975 to October 1976.
Kisgeci, Jan, Andrej Mijavec, M. Acimovic, P. Spevak, and
Novica Vucic. 1984. Hmeljarstvo. 374 pp. (English
summary). Poljoprivredni Fakultet, Univ. Novi Sad, Yugoslavia.
MATURITY: Very late
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown but probably tolerant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Very good
SIDEARM LENGTH: 20-36 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 8.6% (10-year range 6.1-10.5%)
BETA ACIDS: 3.6% (10-year range 2.3-4.7%)
COHUMULONE: 30%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good (retained 76% of original alpha acids after 6
months room temperature storage).
OIL: 0.90 ml/100 g (range 0.6-1.4 ml/100 g); humulene 13%, H/C
ratio 2.67; contains little farnesene
MAJOR TRAITS: High alpha acids and high yield potential; reddish
coloration on the main stem similar to Dunav.
OTHER INFORMATION: Sister selection of Dunav (USDA 21081) and Neoplanta (USDA 21082). Originally developed to replace the landrace Backa, a lower alpha noble aroma hop; thus far the variety has not been accepted by the world hop trade and acreage remains very limited.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21092
SELECTION: Not applicable
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Cascade
PEDIGREE: [Fuggle x (Serebrianka-Fuggle Seedling)] x OP
Open pollinated seed collected on USDA 19124 in 1955
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Heat-treated/meristem tip cultured USDA 56013 by C.B.
Skotland, Prosser, WA
DATE RECEIVED: 1974; USDA Accession No. assigned in 1974.
METHOD RECEIVED: Rooted cutting
AVAILABILITY: commercial cultivar, no restrictions
REFERENCES: Brooks, S.N., C.E. Homer, S.T. Likens, and C.E.
Zimmermann. Registration of Cascade hop (Registration
No. 1). Crop Sci. 12:394. 1972.
Homer, C.E., S.T. Likens, C.E. Zimmermann, and A.
Haunold. Cascade, a new continental-type hop variety for
the U.S. Brewer's Digest 47:56-62. 1972.
Haunold, A. Development of hop varieties. Zymurgy 13(4): 15-23. 1990. Probasco, G. Hop varieties grown in the U.S.A. Brauwelt
International, 1985(1):30-34. 1985.
USDA Annual Report for Hop Research 1974, pp. 19-20.
MATURITY: Medium to medium late
LEAF COLOR: Medium green to dark green
SEX: Female; occasionally produces a few sterile flowers
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant in the crown, moderately
susceptible in shoots and cones
Verticillium wilt: moderately resistant or tolerant
Viruses: free of Prunus Necrotic Ringspot virus and Apple
Mosaic Virus; infected with Hop Mosaic, Hop
Latent, and American Hop Latent viruses.
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Very good, 1800-2200 lbs/acre
SIDEARM LENGTH: 20-30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 6.3% (7-year range 5.1-8.9%)
BETA ACIDS: 5.6% (7-year range 3.6-7.5%)
COHUMULONE: 36-40%
STORAGE STABILITY: poor (retained 40% of original alpha acids after 6 months room temperature
storage)
OIL: 1.24 ml/100 g
MAJOR TRAITS: Crown resistance to downy mildew; ratio of alpha/beta
acids similar to European aroma hops; contains small
amounts of farnesene (about 4%), H/C ratio - 2.67; 10% humulene.
OTHER INFORMATION: Virtually identical to USDA 56013, except for slightly higher yield and
quality potential. Mostly grown in Washington where the alpha acids content
is often slightly lower than beta, resulting in an alpha/beta ratio below 1. Total 1991 production 2.54 mill. lbs. on 1240 acres, all in Washington; 1997 production 2.11 mill. Lbs, all in Washington. Craft/microbrewers love this hop for its distinctive flavor.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21093
SELECTION: Not applicable
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Northern Brewer
PEDIGREE: Canterbury Golding x OB21. OB21 - a seedling raised in
1934 by Prof. Salmon at Wye Collee came from a cross
made the previous year between Brewer's Gold (19001) x
American male OY1.
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm,Corvallis
ORIGIN: Heat treated/meristem tip cultured USDA 64107 by C.B.
Skotland at Prosser, WA in 1974
DATE RECEIVED: 1974; USDA Accession No. assigned in 1974.
METHOD RECEIVED: Rooted softwood cuttings
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Salmon, E.S. Four seedlings of the Canterbury Golding.
Leaflet, Wye College, England. 8 pp. 1944.
Burgess, A.H. Hops. Interscience Publishers, New York,NY. 1964. p 46.
Neve, R.A. Hops. p. 203. Chapman and Hall, London, NewYork. 1991.
USDA Annual Report for Hop Research 1974, pp. 15-20.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Medium to dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: free of Prunus Necrotic Ringspot and AppleMosaic; infected with
Hop Mosaic and Hop Latent viruses. Probably free of AmericanHop Latent
virus, since it has not been exposed to this virus on a large scale.
VIGOR: Poor to moderate
YIELD: Low, 800-1200 lbs/acre
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 10.6% (7-year range 13.5-8.8%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.2% (7-year range 3.4-5.2%)
COHUMULONE: 24%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good (retained 78% of original alpha acids after 6
months room temperature storage)
OIL: 1.60 ml/100 g (7-year range 1.0 to 2.1 ml per 100 g)
MAJOR TRAITS: Resistant to Verticillium wilt, susceptible to Powdery
Mildew (Sphaerotheca humuli).
OTHER INFORMATION: Not grown commercially in the U.S. because of low yields.
Grown extensively in Europe, particularly Germany, Belgium, Spain (called Hybrid 7 in Spain); virtually identical to USDA 64107, except for slightly higher soft and apple mosaic viruses.
Belgium Belgium, Spain (called Hybrid 7 in Spain); virtually

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USDA ACCESSION NO: 21097
SELECTION: Seedling selection made at Huell Research Institute,
Germany in the late 1960's
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Hueller Bitterer (now called Hueller)
PEDIGREE: Northern Brewer x verticillium resistant male(identified as 11ยก96~)
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Seedling selection
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1975
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Wagner, T. 1978. Gene Pools of Hop Countries, p. 35.
Inst. Hop Research, Zalec, Yugoslavia. 1978.
Kohlmann, H., and H. Kastner. Der Hopfen. Hopfenverlag
Wolnzach, 1975, p. 36.
Maier, J. Chemical determination of hop varieties.
Hopfenrundschau 29:258-263. 1978. (in German)
Maier, J. Storage stability of new hop varieties in
comparison with established varieties. Hopfenrundschau 29:370-372. 1978. (in German)
MATURITY: Medium
LEAF COLOR: Light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Very good in Germany but variable in US test plots near
Corvallis (10-year range 900-1700 lbs/acre with 1200 lbs/acre average)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-28 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 8.5% (10-year range 6-10%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.4% (10-year range 3.8-5.4%)
COHUMULONE: 28%
STORAGE STABILITY: Good (retained 68% of original alpha acids after 6 months
room temperature storage
OIL: 1.40 ml/100 g (10-year range 0.64-2.20)
MAJOR TRAITS: Highly resistant to hop downy mildew. Aroma and quality
reported to be similar to Hallertauer mittelfrueh with
higher alpha acids potential, but brewers disagree.
OTHER INFORMATION: Occasionally reported to be a triploid; chromosome number has not been rechecked. Hueller Bitterer, now simply called Hueller, is one of the major new hop varieties grown in Germany in the mid- to late 1980's and early 1990's. Its acreage, however, has decreased in recent years in favor of Perle (USDA 21227), which has high alpha-acids potential. 1997 production was only 313.604 lbs on 235 acres. It is a triploid hop as confirmed by chromosome analysis (Feb. )994) : 2n = 3x = 30 chromosomes in roottip squashes.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21112
SELECTION: Virus-free selection from meristem tip culture at
Department of Hop Research, Wye College, England.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Wye Target
PEDIGREE: (Northern Brewer x Downy Mildew resistant male) x
Eastwell Golding-USDA 64103M) USDA 64103M introduced
as PI302777 is a Powdery Mildew and Verticillium Wilt
resistant open-pollinated wild American seedling.
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Selected from a cross made at Wye College, England, in
mid-1960's. Meristem tip culture, Wye College, England.
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1976
METHOD RECEIVED: Rooted softwood cuttings
AVAILABILITY: May not be released for commercial production without
prior approval by Department of Hop Research, Wye
College, University of London. No restrictions for experimental use.
REFERENCES: Neeve, R. A. and G. K. Lewis. Plant breeding section.
The year's work. Annual Report, Wye College, Depart
ment of Hop Research, 1974, p. 7.
Neeve, R. A. Hop breeding---the Sir John Cass Lecture
1979. Abstracted in Journal Institute of Brewing 85:131-132. 1979.
Additional references: various annual reports of Wye College, beginning in
1969.
MATURITY: Medium late
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant
Verticillium Wilt: tolerant to moderately resistant
Powdery Mildew: susceptible
Viruses: free of all hop viruses when received
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Very good: 1800-2200 lbs/acre but variable
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24-36 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 12.6% (10 year range: 8.9 to 15.2)
BETA ACIDS: 5.3% (10 year range: 3.9 to 6.9)
COHUMULONE: 33-36%
STORAGE STABILITY: fair
OIL: 1.69 ml/100 g (10 year range: 0.82 to 2.32)
MAJOR TRAITS: Compact cone type, excellent machine picking, high
alpha acids content, poor climber (frequent slipdown,
particularly in windy weather, and therefore difficult
to grow). Resistant to downy mildew.
OTHER INFORMATION: Major English hop variety, high alpha acids content.
Not grown commercially in the United States; limited acreage grown in
Germany (101 hectares in 1997).

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21113
SELECTION: Originally obtained from Zatec, Czechoslovakia (probably
a Saazer type), reselected in Poland
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Lubelska (sometimes also called Lubelski)
PEDIGREE: Unknown, probably similar to Saazer (USDA 21077)
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Pulawy, Poland (via Zatec, Czechoslovakia)
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1976
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Wagner, T. 1978. Gene Pools of Hop Countries, Zalec,
Yugoslavia, Institute for Hop Research, p. 55.
Strausz, David A. The hop industry of Eastern Europe and
the Soviet Union. 1969. Washington State Univ. Press, pp. 122-151.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Medium dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown (probably tolerant)
Viruses: heavily infected with several hop
viruses, notably Prunus necrotic ring spot).
VIGOR: Poor
YIELD: Low (300-700 lbs/acre near Corvallis, probably somewhat
higher in Poland)
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24-36 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 12.6% (10 year range: 8.9 to 15.2)
BETA ACIDS: 5.3% (10 year range: 3.9 to 6.9)
COHUMULONE: 33-36%
STORAGE STABILITY: fair
OIL: 1.69 ml/100 g (10 year range: 0.82 to 2.32)
MAJOR TRAITS: Compact cone type, excellent machine picking, high
alpha acids content, poor climber (frequent slipdown,
particularly in windy weather, and therefore difficult
to grow). Resistant to downy mildew.
OTHER INFORMATION: Major English hop variety, high alpha acids content.
Not grown commercially in the United States; limited acreage grown in
Germany (101 hectares in 1997).

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21114
SELECTION: Unknown, probably from an old land race
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Nadwislanska (also called Nadwislanski)
PEDIGREE: Unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Unknown, probably selected from an old Polish land race
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1976
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, old commercial variety
REFERENCES: T. Wagner. 1978. Gene Pools of Hop Countries. Institute
for Hop Research, Zalec, Yugoslavia. p. 55.
Strausz, David A. The hop industry of Eastern Europe and
the Soviet Union. 1969. Washington State Univ. Press, pp. 122-151.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Green to dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably tolerant
Viruses: Infected with prunus necrotic ringspot virus and several other hop
viruses
VIGOR: Poor
YIELD: Low (200-400 lbs/acre near Corvallis, probably higher in
Poland)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 6-20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 3-5%
BETA ACIDS: 2.5-5%
COHUMULONE: 23%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair (retained 58% of original alpha acids after 6 months
room temperature storage)
OIL: 0.5 ml/100 g, H/C = 3.33, humulene 27% of the oil
MAJOR TRAITS: Fine European type aroma.
OTHER INFORMATION: Green stem (in contrast to Lubelski, USDA 21113);
Nadwislanska, an old variety, is no longer grown
commercially in Poland. A virusfree Nadwislanska was
developed in the 1980's at Prosser, Washington through
heat treatment and meristem tip culture (USDA 21524).
Its yield potential, however, has not improved by removing the viruses.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21115
SELECTION: Selected as a somatic mutation in a commercial field of
Talisman (USDA 65101)
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Pocket Talisman
PEDIGREE: Like Talisman (USDA 65101), some similarity to Cluster
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Selected by R.R. Romanko from a commercial field of
Talisman in Idaho in the early 1970's
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1976
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, publicly released variety
REFERENCES: Romanko, R.R., J.C. Shepard, S.T. Likens, and G.B.
Nickerson. Registration of Pocket Talisman (Registration
No. 4), Crop Sci 16:310. 1976.
Romanko, R.R. In: Steiner's Guide to American Hops,
first edition 1973, pp. 29-30. Talisman-Tl.
MATURITY: Late
LEAF COLOR: Light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: tolerant
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably tolerant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Good to poor
YIELD: Medium to poor
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-24 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 6%
BETA ACIDS: 3.2%
COHUMULONE: 55%
STORAGE STABILITY: Good
OIL: 0.63 ml/100 g, H/C 1.09, very low in humulene (below 5%
of the oil), very high myrcene (65-70%)
MAJOR TRAITS: Substantially reduced internode length (about one half of
Talisman) and thought to be suitable as dwarf hop to be
grown on a low trellis. Ruffled, unattractive cone type
with very long tracts and bracteoles that are twisted
irregularly. Rhizomes have a large number of buds
(similar to crown gall infection in visual appearance)
but buds often fail to grow even under ideal conditions,
and therefore this hop is extremely difficult toestablish under field conditions.
OTHER INFORMATION: Originally thought to have exceptionally high yield potential (up to 3000 lbs/acre) which failed to materialize under commercial conditions. It takes up to 3 years to establish a yard since rhizomes often fail to grow. Alpha acids content generally lower than that of Talisman (USDA 65101). This hop has never been grown commercially, except for a 1-acre demonstration plot near Parma, ID in the 1970's where each hill was 4-strung and produced and excellent yield.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: USDA 21116
SELECTION: Heat treated meristem tip culture of Brewer's Gold (USDA 19001 )
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Brewer's Gold, v.f. (virus free)
PEDIGREE: Wild Manitoba BB1 x open pollinated (OF)
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Developed from Brewer's Gold (USDA 19001) through heat
therapy and meristem tip culture at Prosser, WA.
Brewer's Gold is a sister selection of Bullion.
DATE RECEIVED: 1976
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Hop was originally developed at Wye College, England,
by Professor E. S. Salmon in the 1920's and released in 1934.
Salmon, E. S. Two new hops: Brewer's Favourite and
Brewer's Gold. Journal Southeast Agricultural College,
Wye, Kent, England. 34:93-105. 1934.
Burgess, Hops, Interscience Publ., New York, 1964.
Romanko, R. R. In: S. S. Steiner's Guide to American
Hops. S. S. Steiner, Inc., New York, 1973.
MATURITY: Late
LEAF COLOR: Light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium Wilt: resistant
Viruses free of Prunus Necrotic Ringspot Virus and Apple Mosaic Virus
VIGOR: Excellent
YIELD: High: 2200-2600 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24-40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 9.7% (10 year range: 8.1 to 13.1)
BETA ACIDS: 4.7% (10 year range: 3.7 to 6.8)
COHUMULONE: 41%
STORAGE STABILITY: Poor
OIL: 1.90ml/100 g (10 year range: 0.81 to 3.04)
MAJOR TRAITS: Moderately high alpha acids content, extract hop,
excellent vigor, high yield potential, poor storage stability.
OTHER INFORMATION: Occasionally erratic regrowth in early spring. Brewing quality nearly identical to its sister selection Bullion (USDA 64100). Discontinued from commercial U.S. production in 1985 upon advent of super-alpha hops.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21167
SELECTION: Open-pollinated seedling of Golden Cluster (probably a
California Cluster) from South Africa in the early 1940's
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Hybrid-2
PEDIGREE: Open-pollinated seedling of Golden Cluster
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS Hop Cultivar World collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: South Africa, seedling selection
DATE RECEIVED: 1977
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes, obtained from Dr. B. K. Bhat, Regional
Research Laboratory, Sanat Nagar, Srinagar, India
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1977, pp. 33-35
MATURITY: Medium to late
LEAF COLOR: Medium green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately susceptible
Verticillium Wilt: unknown
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Good
YIELD: 1400-2000 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12-36 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 10.2% (5-year range 7.9-12.5%)
BETA ACIDS: 6.3% (5-year range 4.4-7.5%)
COHUMULONE: 32%
STORAGE STABILITY: Good to fair (retained 60% of original alpha acids after 6 months room temperature storage)
OIL: 0.91% (5-year range 0.62-1.15 ml/100 g)
MAJOR TRAITS: Similar to Yakima Cluster (USDA 65102) and Late
Cluster (USDA 65104) but lower yield potential in the
U.S. Storage stability not as good as Yakima Cluster,
Late Cluster or Early Cluster.
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop, originally developed and released in South Africa, was discontinued in that country in 1964 because of decreasing yields. The selection was obtained from Cashmere, India in 1977, where it is still grown commercially. Like other Clusters, Hybrid-2 is susceptible to Downy Mildew but infected crowns generally do not die out in contrast to Cluster hops.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21168
SELECTION: Selected in France, probably by clonal selection
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Precoce de Bourgogne
PEDIGREE: Unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm , Corvallis
ORIGIN: Probably clonal selection but exact origin unknown
DATE RECEIVED: 1977, from the Institute of Hop Research, Pulawi, Poland
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Gene Pools of Hop Countries. T. Wagner, ed. 1978, p.
32; USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1977, pp. 33, 35
MATURITY: Early to medium early
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium Wilt: moderately resistant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Medium to poor
YIELD: Low, 1200-1500 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12-20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 3.4% (3-year range: 3.1-3.7)
BETA ACIDS: 3.1% (3-year range: 2.6-3.5)
COHUMULONE: 23%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to good (retained 61% of original alpha acids
after 6 months room temperature storage)
OIL: 0.34 ml/100 g (3 year range: 0.39-0.53)
MAJOR TRAITS: European-type aroma characteristics, high ratio of
humulene/caryophyllene, contains significant amounts of farnesene.
OTHER INFORMATION: Grown in small quantities commercially in the Alsace
region of France.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21169
SELECTION: Probably clonal selection from a French land race
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Tardif de Bourgogne
PEDIGREE: Unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm,
Corvallis
ORIGIN: Probably clonal selection
DATE RECEIVED: 1977, from the Institute of Hop Research, Pulawy, Poland
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: T. Wagner, ea.: Gene Pools of Hop Countries. Zalec,
Yugoslavia, 1978, p. 33; USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop
Investigations for 1977, pp. 33, 35
MATURITY: Late
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium Wilt: unknown
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Fair to good
YIELD: Medium, 1200-1600 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12-20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 4.3% (3-year range: 3.1-5.5)
BETA ACIDS: 4.8% (3-year range: 3.1-5.5)
COHUMULONE: 20%
STORAGE STABILITY: Good, retained 66% of original alpha acids after 6
months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.65 ml/100 g (3-year range 0.49-0.73); moderately low
H/C ratio (2.60 average); contains no farnesene
MAJOR TRAITS European-type hop aroma.
OTHER INFORMATION: Grown as aroma hop on small acreages in the Alsace region of France.

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USDA ACCESSION NO: 21170
SELECTION: Unknown, probably from an old land race in the Alsace region of France
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Elsaesser
PEDIGREE: Unknown
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Probably clonal selection
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1977 from the Institute of Hop Research, JUNG, Pulawy, Poland
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1977,
pp. 33, 35; T. Wagner, ed. Gene Pools of Hop
Countries. Zalec, Yugoslavia. 1978. p. 33
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Medium Green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium Wilt: unknown
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Poor
COHUMULONE: 26% (4-year range 20-30%)
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to good (retained 63% of original alpha acids
after 6 months room temperature storage)
OIL: 0.63 ml/100 g (4-year range 0.28-1.13)
MAJOR TRAITS: Noble European aroma characteristics; high humulene
content (32%), high ratio of humulene/caryophyllene
(3.5); contains some farnesene.
OTHER INFORMATION: Grown commercially on very limited acreage in the Alsace
region of France.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21172
SELECTION: Unknown, probably from an old German land race
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Landhopfen
PEDIGREE: Unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Probably clonal selection
DATE RECEIVED: April 1977, from the Institute of Hop Research, JUNG, Pulawy, Poland
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1977, pp. 33, 35
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium Wilt: unknown
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Poor to good
YIELD: Low, under 1000 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 6-15 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 3.5% (4-year range: 3.2-4.1%)
BETA ACIDS: 3.2% (4-year range: 2.5-3.5%)
COHUMULONE: 23% (4-year range 21-25%)
STORAGE STABILITY: Good, retained 66% of original alpha acids after 6
months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.37 ml/100 g (4-year range: 0.25-0.45)
MAJOR TRAITS: European aroma characteristics, high ratio of
humulene/caryophyllene (3.54), contains significant
amounts of farnesene.
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is not grown any more anywhere in the world.
Yellow fleck symptoms on basal leaves, but free of
Prunus Necrotic Ringspot and Apple Mosaic Virus.
Positive for Hop Mosaic and Hop Latent Virus.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21173
SELECTION: Unknown, probably old German landrace
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Strisselspalter
PEDIGREE: Unknown, probably related to Hersbrucker
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Unknown, probably selection from an old landrace
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1977
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Wagner, T. 1978. Gene pools of Hop Countries.
Institute for Hop Research, Zalec, Yugoslavia; p. 32.
MATURITY: Medium early to medium late
LEAF COLOR: Green to dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: tolerant to resistant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Good to poor
YIELD: 800 lbs/acre near Corvallis, probably higher in the
Alsace area of France where it is grown commercially
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-24 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 4.8% (8-year range 4.1-57%)
BETA ACIDS: 3.3% (8-year range 2.5-3.9%)
COHUMULONE: 27%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to good (retains 70% of original alpha acids after 6
months room temperature storage)
OIL: 0.9 ml/100 g, H/C = 2.80, humulene 28-32% of the oil
MAJOR TRAITS: Fine European type aroma, similar to hops from the Saaz
group of varieties, but higher cohumulone content.
OTHER INFORMATION: May be related to the German Spalter, but the
relationship is unclear. Grown commercial on limited
acreage in the Alsace area of France, but acreage is declining due to low yields.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21179
SELECTION: no information
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Hersbrucker E (obtained from England)
PEDIGREE: old German landrace
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: Wye College, England
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1977
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Annual Report of Hop Research 1977, and later years
MATURITY: late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderately susceptible
Powdery mildew: no information
Verticillium wilt: resdistant
Viruses: free of PNRV and ApMV at time of receipt
VIGOR: very good
YIELD: good to very good
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 20 to 40 inches, sometimes longer
ALPHA ACIDS: 4 - 6%
BETA ACIDS: 5 - 7%
COHUMULONE: 22 - 24%
STORAGE STABILITY: fair to poor, retained 58% of original alpha acids after 6 months
room temperature storage
OIL: 0.63 ml/100 g. Humulene 29%; caryophyllene 9%;
myrcene 46%; farnesene trace.
MAJOR TRAITS: high yield potential, pleasant European aroma characeristics
Variable yield performance in Oregon commercial plots.
OTHER INFORMATION: Susceptible to downy mildew in Oregon commercial plots. Alpha acids variable and frequently on the low side. Poor storage stability of the soft resins. This hop , originally grown only in the Hersbruck mountains north of Munich, was planted extensively in the late 1970s in Germany to replace Hallertauer mittelfrueh, because of its higher resistance to verticillium wilt. The acreage has now (mid 1990s) dropped significantly because of newer German aroma hops with higher alpha acids potential.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21182
SELECTION: Seedling selection from an open pollinated cross on
Brewer's Gold in 1968 in Idaho.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Galena
PEDIGREE: Brewer's Gold (USDA 19001) x OP
PRIMARY SITE: USDA Hop Variety World Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Seed collected by R. R. Romanko, Idaho, in 1968,
germinated in 1969 and selected under heavy
inoculations of Downy Mildew fungus (Pseudoperonospora humuli).
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1978
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: Commercial cultivar, no restrictions
REFERENCES: R. R. Romanko, J. Jaeger, G. B. Nickerson and C. E.
Zimmermann. Registration of Galena hops (Registration
No. 7), Crop Sci. 19:563. 1979.
Romanko, R. R. In: Steiner's+Guide to American Hops, 2nd. ed. 1986.
Romanko, R. R., and G. B. Nickerson. New Hops. Modern
Brewery Age, MS 5-11, April-1981,
MATURITY: Medium to medium early
LEAF COLOR: Medium to light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Susceptible to powdery mildew
Viruses: free of prunus necrotic ringspot virus and apple mosaic virus
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Very good, 1600-2000 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 20-40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 12.0% (10 year range: 8.02 to 14.9%)
BETA ACIDS: 7.5 (10 year range: 4.6 to 9.0%)
COHUMULONE: 39%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good, retained 75 to 85% of its original alpha acids
after 6 months room temperatue storage
OIL: 1.05 ml/100 g (10 year range: 0.55 to 2.03)
Myrcene 55.2%; humulene 9.2%; caryophyllene 4.1%; farnesene trace
H/C ratio = 2.24
MAJOR TRAITS: High alpha and high beta acids content; very good storage stability
OTHER INFORMATION: Considered to be a super-alpha hop by the trade.
Adapted to Oregon, Washington , and Idaho. In 1986, 4530 acres produced 9.3 mill. lbs
(19% of U.S. production.). In 1998 total production was 10.72 mill. Lbs (18% of US production), a substantial drop from previous years due to powdery mildew problems.. Galena acreage may decrease in the future.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21183
SELECTION: Seedling selection from an open pollinated cross on
Brewer's Gold made in 1968 in Idaho
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Eroica
PEDIGREE: Brewer's Gold, (USDA 19001) x OP
PRIMARY SITE: USDA Hop Cultivar World Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Seed collected by R.R. Romanko, Idaho, in 1968;
germinated in 1969; selected under heavy inoculations of
downy mildew fungus as a baby plant in the greenhouse
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1978
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: Commercial cultivar, no restrictions
REFERENCES: Romanko, R.R., J. Jaeger, G.B. Nickerson, C.E.
Zimmermann, and A. Haunold. Registration of Eroica hop
(Registration No. 8). Crop Sci. 22:1261. 1982.
Romanko, R.R. In: Steiner's Guide to American Hops. Book
III, 2nd edition. 1986. pp. 64 - 66.
Probasco, G. Hop varieties grown in the USA. Brauwelt
International 1985/1: 30-34.
Haunold, A. Development of hop varieties. Zymurgy 13(4) :15-23. 1990.
Romanko, R.R., and G.B. Nickerson. New hops. Modern
Brewery Age. MS 5-11, April 1981.
MATURITY: Late
LEAF COLOR: Medium to medium dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: slight infection with Prunus Necrotic
Ringspot, Apple Mosaic, and Hop Mosaic
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Very good to excellent (1800-2200 lbs/acre)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 20-40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 12.3% (10-year range 7.3 to 14.9%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.5% (10-year range 3.0 to 5.3%)
COHUMULONE: 40%
STORAGE STABILITY: Good to very good (retained 77% of original alpha acids
after 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: O.90 ml/100 g; H/C ratio 0.07; contains very little humulene
MAJOR TRAITS: High yield potential, high alpha acids content, very late maturity.
OTHER INFORMATION: Difficult to pick, cones are hard to pull off, which slows down the mechanical
picking process; no problems with cleaning; adapted to Oregon, Washington,
and Idaho. In 1990 756 acres of Eroica produced a total of 1.3 million pounds
with an average yield of 1728 lbs/acre. Eroica acreage has steadily declined in
favor of Galena (USDA 21182) from a high of 1726 in 1985 to 641 acres in
1991. Total 1991 production was 1.23 million lbs, all in southern Idaho and
Washington. In 1996, total production was only 380.600 lbs, all in
Washington In 1997 Eroica had almost disappeared This selection is identical
to USDA 21220 but carries Prunus Necrotic Ringspot and Apple Mosaic
viruses.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21185
SELECTION: Unknown, probably old German landrace
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Hersbrucker , sometimes called Hersbrucker-G (origin from Germany), Hersbrucker Late,
or Hersbrucker Spaet
PEDIGREE: Unknown, thought to be in the Saazer group of varieties (Saazer Formenkreis)
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Unknown, probably selection from an old landrace
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1978
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Kohlmann, H., and A. Kastner. Der Hopfen. p. 36. Hopfenverlag Wolnzach
1975.
Maier, J. 1978. Chemical determination of hop varie
ties. (in German). Hopfenrundschau 29:258-263.
Maier, J. 1978. Storage stability of new hop varieties
in comparison with established varieties (in German). Hopfenrundschau
29:370-372.
Maier J., and J. Freundorfer. 1989. Hop varieties,
quality groups and breeding. (in German). Hopfenrundschau 29:370-372.
MATURITY: Late
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: tolerant to moderately susceptible
Verticillium wilt: tolerant to moderately resistant
Viruses: infected with some hop viruses, but
virusfree clones are now available
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Good to very good
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-36 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 4.6% (10-year range 3.8 to 7.4%)
BETA ACIDS: 6.8% (10-year range 5.0-8.6%)
COHUMULONE: 25%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair (retained 62% of original alpha acids after 6 months room temperature
storage)
OIL: 0.68 ml/100 g; H/C = 3.21, humulene 26.5%
MAJOR TRAITS: tolerant to verticillium wilt; late maturity; produces
best yields when grown on a slant (Schraegaufzug) in Germany.
OTHER INFORMATION: Major German hop variety which has recently replaced Hallertauer
Mittelfrueh in world markets because of its resistance to verticillium wilt.
Various virusfree clones were developed in Germany in the 1980's which
supposedly had higher alpha acids potential (USDA 21514, 21515, 21516,
21517, 21518). All have a reddish stem similar to the original Hersbrucker, but
the alpha acids potential did not improve. Another Hersbrucker (USDA 21179,
Hersbrucker-E) was obtained in 1977 from the Hop Research Institute WyeCollege, England. It is identical to the German Hersbrucker but more infected with viruses. International brewers (such as Anheuser Kirin) who have readily accepted Hersbrucker as a replacement for Hallertauer Mittelfrueh or other aroma hops are now reducing their purchases in favor of new German aroma hops such as Hallertauer Tradition and Spalter Select which were released in 1991. In 1997, total German production of Hersbrucker was 10.59 mill. Lbs on 7,670 acres, about 14 % of total German hop production.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21186
SELECTION: Selected in the Spalt area of Germany from an old land race
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Spalter
PEDIGREE: Unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Probably clonal selection, but exact origin is unknown
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1986
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS Annual Report for Hop Investigations for 1978, pp. 38, 39; Kohlmann H.,
and A. Kastner. Der Hopfen. Hopfenverlag Wolnzach, 1975, p. 34.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Medium green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium Wilt: unknown
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Poor
YIELD: Low, under 1000 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 6-15 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5.7% (5-year range: 3.6-7.5%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.6% (5-year range: 3.0-6.2%)
COHUMULONE: 23% (5-year range: 20-25%)
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to poor, retained 49% of original alpha acids
after 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.62 ml/100 g (5-year range 0.31-1.03)
MAJOR TRAITS: Pleasant European noble aroma characteristics.
OTHER INFORMATION: Grown almost exclusively in the Spalt area of West
Germany; highly priced by certain brewers for its
noble aroma characteristics; production is insuffi
cient to satisfy demand; (1997 production: 421.189 lbs on 459 acres; not grown commercially in the United States because of low yields. This hop is
generally considered to be part of the Saaz group of
varieties, related to Tettnanger and Saazer. Its oil
contains small amounts of farnesene, but has a high H/C ratio (3.43 average).

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21187
SELECTION: Seedling selection from a cross of Fuggle N
(USDA 21016)-OP x Fuggle N-OP, made in South Africa by
Barry M. Robinson, hop breeder
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Southern Brewer
PEDIGREE: Fuggle N x OP backcross
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: South African Breweries Ltd., Blanco, District ,George, South Africa
DATE RECEIVED: July 1978
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1978, pp. 38-40
MATURITY: Medium to late
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female, occasional sterile male flowers near the top of the trellis
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant
Verticillium Wilt: resistant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: High, 1500-2000 lbs/acre, sometimes higher
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 20-40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 9.8% (5-year range: 5.6-12.0%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.4% (5-year range: 2.8-5.0%)
COHUMULONE: 40% (5-year range: 33-42%)
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good) retained 70% of original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storage)
OIL: 0.94 ml/100 g (5-year range: 0.43-1.03)
MAJOR TRAITS: European aroma characteristics, high yield potential;
loose cones which shatter upon machine picking, especially when grown
seeded.
OTHER INFORMATION: Considered to be a high-alpha aroma hop; grown extensively in South Africa where it is the major hop variety and also in India; several African countries (Zimbabwe, Kenya) have experimented with this hop as a basis for their own hop industry although these countries are probably too close to the equator (short day length) to grow hops economically. Artificial extension of day length (100 watt bulbs spaced about 100 ft. apart above the trellis) has drastically increased cone production in areas where natural day length is too short. In 1978 about 1200 acres of Southern Brewer were grown commercially in South Africa, some under supplemental illumination. Not grown commercially in the United States.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21193
SELECTION: Seedling selection 7005-194 from cross 7005 made in
1970 at Corvallis, Oregon
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Nugget
PEDIGREE: USDA 65009 x 63015M; 5/8 Brewer's Gold, 1/8 Early
Green, 1/16 East Kent Golding, 1/32 Bavarian, 5/32 Unknown.
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Variety Collection, OSU East Farm.
ORIGIN: Cross made at Corvallis, Oregon, in 1970
DATE RECEIVED: Selected as seedling 7005-194, USDA Accession No. 21193 assigned in
1978.
METHOD RECEIVED: Seedling selection
AVAILABILITY: Commercial cultivar, no restrictions.
REFERENCES: Haunold, A. A., S. T. Likens, G. B. Nickerson, and R.
O. Hampton. Registration of Nugget Hop (Registration
No. 13). Crop Sci. 24:618. 1984.
Haunold, A. A., S. T. Likens, G. B. Nickerson, and S.
T. Kenny. Nugget, a new hop cultivar with high alpha
acid potential. J. Am. Soc. Brew. Chem. 42:62-64. 1984. -
Romanko, R. R. In: Steiner's Guide to American Hops, 2nd. ed. 1986.
MATURITY: Medium late to late
LEAF COLOR: Medium green to light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: free of all major hop viruses
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Excellent, 1800-2400 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 20-40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 13.5% (10 year range: 9.4 to 17.3%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.6% (10 year range: 2.5 to 5.9%)
COHUMULONE: 26%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good
OIL: 1.56 ml/100 9 (10 year range 0.8 to 2.57)
MAJOR TRAITS: Very high alpha acids and low beta acids content, low
cohumulone content, compact cone, excellent pickability.
OTHER INFORMATION: Considered to be a super alpha hop by the trade.
Adapted to Washington, Oregon and Idaho. In 1986, 2861
acres produced 6.1 mill. lbs of hops, 12.5% of total U.S. production. 1991
Production: 9.72 mill. lbs, representing 14.1% of total US hop production
1997 production: 17.90 mill. Lbs. Also grown in Germany, Bulgaria and other
countries

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21196
SELECTION: Heat treated meristem tip culture of Bullion (USDA 64100)
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Bullion 6A
PEDIGREE: Sister selection of USDA 21056, developed at Prosser,
Washington through heat therapy and meristem tip culture.
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Same as USDA 21056
DATE RECEIVED: 1979
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: Same as for USDA 21056
MATURITY: Medium early
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: free of prunus and apple mosaic virus
VIGOR: Excellent
YIELD: High, 2000-2500 lbs/Acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24-40"
ALPHA ACIDS: 10.2% (10 year range: 7.3 to 13.9)
BETA ACIDS: 5.1% (10 year range: 3.8 to 7.1)
COHUMULONE: 38-42%
STORAGE STABILITY: Poor
OIL: 1.42 ml/100 9 (10 year range: 0.60 to 2.57)
MAJOR TRAITS: Moderately high alpha acids content, extract hop, high
yield potential, poor storage stability.
OTHER INFORMATION: Not grown commercially anymore in the United States. Same as USDA
21056

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21197
SELECTION: Heat treated, meristem-tip cultured clone of Swiss
Tettnanger, USDA 61021 at Prosser, WA
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: US Tettnanger. (supposedly Tettnanger, but quality
differs significantly, is very similar to . Trade experts judge it to be a
Fuggle
PEDIGREE: Uncertain; this hop supposedly came from the heat
treated USDA 61021 (Swiss Tettnanger) from Prosser, WA
but may have become mixed with Fuggle (USDA 48209)
PRIMARY SITE: Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center,
Prosser, WA; USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm)
ORIGIN: Selected from a commercial Tettnanger yard at the
Stauffer farm near Hubbard, OR
DATE RECEIVED: March 1979 (Accession No. assigned in 1979)
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report of Hop Investigations, pp. 40, 42, and later reports.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Medium to medium dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant
Verticillium Wilt: resistant
Viruses: originally free of Prunus Necrotic Ringspot and Apple Mosaic Virus
VIGOR: Fair to good .
YIELD: Low to medium (1000-1300 lbs/acre)
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12-36 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5.8% (10-year range 3.5 to 8.8%)
BETA ACIDS: 2.9% (10-year range 2.1 to 4.4%)
COHUMULONE: 27% (10-year range 24 to 31%)
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good (retains 70% of original alpha acids after 6
months room temperature storage)
OIL: 0.87 ml/100 g
MAJOR TRAITS: European aroma characteristics, humulene/caryophyllene
ratio 3.1; green stem (in contrast to USDA 61021,
Swiss Tettnanger); ratio of alpha/beta acids about 2, very similar to Fuggle.
OTHER INFORMATION: Major quality traits of this hop differ from Tettnanger, more closely resemble Fuggle. Hop has been accepted by a major US brewer as an aroma hop to replace imports and acreage is expanding in Oregon, Washington and northern Idaho. In 1997 US Tettnanger acreage was drastically reduced due to decreased purchases by a major customer. Also grown in England and under the name Saviski Golding (Styrian) in Slovenia. (See USDA 21049)

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21214
SELECTION: Clonal selection from the medium-early Zatecky krajovy, probably a
Saazer-derived clone
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Sirem
PEDIGREE: Unknown, probably closely related to Saazer (USDA 21077);
name derived from the village of Sirzem where it is grown commercially
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN Hop Research Institute Zalec, Yugoslavia
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1979
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions
REFERENCES USDA Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1979, p. 40 41.
USDA Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1988, p. 35.
Rybacek, Vaclav. Hop Production (Developments in Crop
Science 16). Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, New York. 1991. P
. 76, 76.
Wagner, T. Gene Pools of Hop Countries. Institute for
Hop Research, Zalec, July 1978, p. 69.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately susceptible
Verticillium wilt: unknown
Viruses: infected with all five hop viruses
VIGOR: Poor
YIELD: Poor (about 200 lbs/acre in Corvallis test plots;
probably higher in Czechoslovakia where it is better adapted)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 6-10 inches, plants frequently fail to reach the top of the trellis (18 ft.)
ALPHA ACIDS: 3.5%
BETA ACIDS: 3.1%
COHUMULONE: 23%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair, retained 57% of original alpha acids after 6 months room temperature
OIL: 0.47 ml/100 g, H/C ratio = 3.70, high in humulene
MAJOR TRAITS: Pleasant noble aroma, suitable for the production of
super-premium beers, in particular Pilsener beer, mild bitterness; reddish
stems.
OTHER INFORMATION: Grown on limited acreage in Czechoslovakia, exported and handled by the hop trade under the collective name Saazer or Bohemian Red hop. Also sometimes called Aurum; named after the village Sirem.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21215
SELECTION: no information available
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Nordgaard, Nordgaard 1478
PEDIGREE: no information available
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: Hop Research Institute Zalec, Yugoslavia (now Slovenia).
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1979
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Various USDA Annual Reports of Hop Research
Starting in 1979
Wagner, Tone. Gene Pools of Hop Countries. Institute for
Hop Research, Zalec, Slovenia (Yugoslavia).1980. p. 67-82
MATURITY: early
LEAF COLOR: dark green, reddish stem color
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately resistant or tolerant
Verticillium wilt: no information
Viruses: no information
VIGOR: fair to poor
YIELD: poor, ranging from 300 to 1,100 lbs/acre in Corvallis plots
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 8 to 20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 7.5%
BETA ACIDS: 3.4%
COHUMULONE: 29%
STORAGE STABILITY: very good, retained 79% of its original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.94 ml/100 g. Humulene 26.8%; caryophyllene 10.5%;
myrcene 47.3%; farnesene 1.7%. H/C rastio = 2.54
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant continental aroma
OTHER INFORMATION: This is an old Belgian (Flemish?) hop variety that is no longer grown commercially. It may be useful for aroma hop breeding .
OIL: 0.98 ml/100 g. Humulene 31.5%; caryophyllene 17.9%;
Myrcene 39.0%; no farnesene. H/C ratio = 2.41
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant continenetal aroma characteristics, high humulene
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is an old Belgian variety which probably arose as a
landrace. It is no longer grown commercially but was used
for aroma breeding in the 1970s by Dr. Tone Wagner, hop breeder at Zalec, Slovenia (formerly Yugoslavia).

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21216
SELECTION: no information available
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Groene Bel
PEDIGREE: no information available
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU Hop Research Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: Hop Research Institute Zalec, Slovenia
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1979
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Reports for Hop Research 1979 and later reports.
Wagner, T. Gene Pools of Hop Countries. Institute for Hop
Research, Zalec, Slovenia (Yugoslavia). 1980.
MATURITY: medium to late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: no information
VIGOR: fair to poor in Corvallis test plots
YIELD: poor in Corvallis test plots
SIDE ARM LENGTH: short, 8 to 12 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 4.9%
BETA ACIDS: 3.5%
COHUMULONE: 27%
STORAGE STABILITY: fair, retained about 58% of its original alpha acids
After 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.98 ml/100 g. Humulene 31.5%; caryophyllene 17.9%;
Myrcene 39.0%; no farnesene. H/C ratio = 2.41
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant continenetal aroma characteristics, high humulene
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is an old Belgian variety which probably arose as a
landrace. It is no longer grown commercially but was used
for aroma breeding in the 1970s by Dr. Tone Wagner, hop breeder at Zalec, Slovenia (formerly Yugoslavia).

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21217
SELECTION: no information available
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Star
PEDIGREE: no information available
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU Hop Research Farm, East Frm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: Institute for Hop Research, Zalec, Slovenia (Yugoslavia)
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1979
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Various USDA Annual Reports for Hop Research starting
in 1979
Wagner, T. 1978. Gene Pools of Hop Countries. Institute
for Hop Research , Zalec, Yugoslavia (Slovenia)
MATURITY: early
LEAF COLOR: medium green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: tolerant
Verticillium wilt: no information
Viruses: no information
VIGOR: poor
YIELD: poor , averaging under 500 lbs/acre in Corvallis test plots
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 6 to 20 inches, poor clustering
ALPHA ACIDS: 3.2%
BETA ACIDS: 1.7%
COHUMULONE: 24%
STORAGE STABILITY: very good, retained about 82% of its original alpha acids
after 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.47 ml/100 g. Humulene 33.9%; caryophyllene 11.7%;
Myrcene 34.2%; farnesene 3.7%. H/C ratio = 2.91
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant continental-type aroma, high humulene in the oil
OTHER INFORMATION: This is an old Belgian variety that is no longer grown commercially. It is different from the Japanese hop called "Golden Star" (USDA 21039) which is related to Shinshuwase (USDA 60042).

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: USDA 21220
SELECTION: Seedling selection from an open pollinated cross on Brewer's Gold made in
1968 in Idaho
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Eroica
PEDIGREE: Brewer's Gold, USDA 19001 x OP
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Meristem tip cultured/heat treated USDA 21183 from Dr.C.B. Skotland,
Prosser, WA
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1980
METHOD RECEIVED: Potted softwood cuttings
AVAILABILITY: Commercial cultivar no restrictions
REFERENCES: Romanko, R.R., J. Jaeger, G.B. Nickerson, C.E.
Zimmermann, and A. Haunold. Registration of Eroica hop
(Registration No. 8). Crop Sci. 22:1261. 1982.
Romanko, R.R. In: Steiner's Guide to American Hops. Book III, 2nd edition. 1986. pp. 64-66.
Probasco, G. Hop varieties grown in the USA. Brauwelt International
1985/1:30-34.
Haunold, A. Development of hop varieties. Zymurgy 13(4):15-23. 1990.
Romanko, R.R., and G.B. Nickerson. New hops. Modern Brewery Age. MS 5-11, April 1981.
MATURITY: Late
LEAF COLOR: Medium to medium dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: slight infection with Prunus Necrotic
Ringspot, Apple Mosaic, and Hop Mosaic
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Very good to excellent (1800-2200 lbs/acre)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 20-40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 12.3% (5-year range 10.2-14.7)
BETA ACIDS: 4.7 (5-year range 3.8-5.2%)
COHUMULONE: 41%
STORAGE STABILITY: Good (retained 61% of original alpha acids after 6 months room temperature storage)
OIL: 1.10 ml/100 g; contains little or no humulene
MAJOR TRAITS: High yield potential, high alpha acids content, very late maturity.
OTHER INFORMATION: Difficult to pick, cones are hard to pull off, which slows down the mechanical picking process; no problems with cleaning; adapted to Oregon, Washington,

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21222
SELECTION: Selected in the 1970's at Parma, Idaho by Dr. Robert R. Romanko.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Aquila
PEDIGREE: Open-pollinated Brewer's Gold (USDA 19001) seedling
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, Corvallis, Oregon, OSU East
Farm
ORIGIN: Seedling selection, I 33-6
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1980
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1980, p.41.
Haunold, A. 1988. Annual Report to the Hop Research Council, p. 6.
MATURITY: Medium late to late
LEAF COLOR: Light green, similar to Brewer's Gold
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Very good, 2120 lbs/acre average over a 5-year period
SIDEARM LENGTH: 20-30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 7.1% (5-year range 6.7 to 8.9%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.3% (5-year range 4.1 to 4.9%)
COHUMULONE: 46%
STORAGE STABILITY: Poor (retained 40% of original alpha acids after 4 months at room
temperature)
OIL: 1.45 ml/100 g
MAJOR TRAITS: High yield potential, some similarities to aroma hops in
taste and flavor perception. Bracts conspicuously turned upwards.
OTHER INFORMATION: Established in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho in 3-acre
commercial trials in 1987. These trials were expanded to
100 acres in Washington the following year to produce
sufficient hops for Anheuser Busch for plant-scale
brewing evaluation. Aquila was officially
released in 1994. Anheuser Busch lost interest in this hop and it was discontinued from commercial production in 1996.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21225
SELECTION: Seedling selection from a cross between the USDA
breeding line 6619-04 and the USDA male 64028M made at
Prosser, WA in 1974 by C. E. Zimmermann.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Olympic
PEDIGREE: 6619-04 x 64028M
[Brewer's Gold2 x Fuggle-Fuggle S] x [Brewer's Gold2 x
East Kent Golding - Bavarian Seedling].
Genetic composition is 3/4 Brewer's Gold, 3/32 Fuggle, 1/16
East Kent Golding, 1/32 Bavarian, and 1/16 unknown.
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Variety Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Cross made at Prosser, WA, in 1974 by C. E. Zimmermann
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1980
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: Commercial cultivar, no restrictions
REFERENCES: Kenny, S. T., and C. E. Zimmermann. Registration of
Olympic hop (Registration No. 14). Crop Sci. 24:618-619. 1984. Romanko, R. R. In: Steiner's Guide to American Hops, 2nd. ed. 1986.
MATURITY: Medium to medium late ~
LEAF COLOR: Medium green
SEX: Female; produces some sterile male flowers in certain
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: free of prunus necrotic ringspot and apple mosaic virus, carries hop
mosaic and American hop latent virus
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: 1600-2200 1bs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 18-36 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 13.0 (5-year range: 10.6 to 13.8)
BETA ACIDS: 5.5% (5-year range: 3.8 to 6.1)
COHUMULONE: 31%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to good
OIL 1.64 ml/100 g (5 year range: 0.86 to 2.55)
MAJOR TRAITS: High alpha-acids content
OTHER INFORMATION: Considered a super alpha hop by the trade. Primarily
adapted to Washington. Does not produce well in
Oregon. Accounted for about 1% of total U.S. production in 1986
(536 000 lbs): 1997 production: 249,500 lbs, all in Washington.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21226
SELECTION: Seedling selection from a cross made at Prosser, Wa, in 1974.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Chinook
PEDIGREE: Petham Golding x Brewer's Gold - Utah 526-4
68052 x 63012M
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Variety Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Cross made by C. E. Zimmermann at Prosser, WA, in 1974
Selection tested as W421-38 and permanent USDA Accession No. assigned
in 1980.
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1980
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: Commercial cultivar, no restrictions
REFERENCES: Kenny, S. T., and C. E. Zimmermann. Registration of
Chinook hop (Registration No. 15). Crop Sci. 26:196-197. 1986.
Romanko, R. R. In: Steiner's Guide to American Hops, 2nd. ed. 1986. ~
MATURITY: Medium to medium late
LEAF COLOR: Medium green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: susceptible to hop mosaic virus
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: 1800-2400 1bs/acre
moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: susceptible to hop mosaic virus
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: 1800-2400 1bs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24-40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 13.6 (5 year average: 13.9-15.3%)
BETA ACIDS: 3.9% (5-year average 3.6 to 4.5)
COHUMULONE: 33%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to good
OIL: 1.83 ml/100 g (5-year range 1.24 to 2.63)
MAJOR TRAITS: High alpha-acids content, low beta, pleasant aroma
OTHER INFORMATION Hop is being used by a major brewer as a high-alpha/
aroma hop primarily for bitterness addition. Adapted to Oregon, Washington
and Idaho but grown now mostly in Washington. 1997 production: 3.69
million lbs..Considered to be a super-alpha hop by the trade.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21227
SELECTION: Developed from a seedling selection of Northern Brewer
at the German Institute for Hop Research Huell near Wolnzach, Germany.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Perle
PEDIGREE: Northern Brewer (USDA 64107) x 63/5/27 (a German male)
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Seedling selection made at Hall, West Germany. Heat
therapy and meristem tip culture at Hall.
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1980
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: Wagner, Tone, editor. Gene pool of Hop Countries, Zalec, July 1978, p. 35.
Kohlmann, H. The new hop variety Perle. Mimeographed
handout. German Society for Hop Research, Wolnzach, August 30, 1978.
Gmelch, F. Problems in hop breeding (in German).
Hopfenrundschau 36(8):141-146. 1985.
MATURITY: Midseason in Germany, early in U.S.
LEAF COLOR: Light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant
Verticillium Wilt: resistant
Powdery Mildew: moderately susceptible
Viruses: free of all hop viruses, except hop latent virus
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Good to very good, 1500-1900 lbs/A
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24-30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 8-9% in Germany, up to 11% in U.S. (5 yr. U.S. range: 7.9 to 12.9%)
BETA ACIDS: 4-5% in U.S., 8% in Germany (5 yr. U.S. range: 2.9 to 5.0%)
COHUMULONE: 28%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good
OIL: 0.6-1.2 ml/100 9, no farnesene
MAJOR TRAITS: Aroma hop considered by some to be comparable to
Hallertauer mittelfrueh, moderately high alpha acids
content, downy mildew resistant. Early maturity in Oregon (about Aug. 20).
OTHER INFORMATION: U.S. and Japanese breweries indicated that Perle is not
a substitute for Hallertauer mittelfueher. Moderate
acreage expansion in U.S. as a higher alpha/aroma hop for certain brewery blends. 1997 production: 792,400 lbs (about equally divided between Oregon and Washington)

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21238
SELECTION: Selected by Dr. Tone Wagner at the Hop Research Institute
Zalec, Slovenia, in the mid to late 1970's
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Blisk
PEDIGREE: Tetraploid Atlas x Yugoslavian male 1/9
The female parent was developed from diploid Atlas (USDA
21052) by colchicine treatment at Zalec, Slovenia
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Seedling selection
DATE RECEIVED: April 3, 1980
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1980, pp. 41, 43.
Kralj, D., and Tone Wagner. New Slovene hop cultivars,
Blisk, Bobek, and Buket. Institute for Hop and Brewing
Research, Zalec, 1980 (mimeographed report).
Kralj, D. Hop Breeding in Slovenia (in German). Report
presented at the Scientific Commission, IHB, Novi Sad, Yugoslavia, 1984.
J. Kisgeci, A. Mijavek, M. Acimovic, P. Spevak, and N.
Vucic. 1984. Hmeljarstvo. pp. 126-138. Inst. za Ratarstvo i Povrtarstvo, Novi
Sad.
MATURITY: Medium to medium late
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably tolerant or resistant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: 1750 lbs/acre (10-year range 1200 to 2900 lbs/acre)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 20-30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 11.5% (10-year range 9.7 to 14.1%)
BETA ACIDS: 4% (10-year range 3.3 to 4.8%)
COHUMULONE: 33%; colupulone 62%
STORAGE STABILITY: Poor (retained 45% of original alpha acids after 6 months
room temperature storage)
OIL: 2.01 ml/100 g (10-year range 1.24-3.24 ml/100 g);
H/C - 2.80; humulene 11.5%
MAJOR TRAITS Triploid, 2n=30; pleasant aroma, high yield potential
OTHER INFORMATION: Developed with the intention to combine high alpha and
aroma in a single cultivar. Not grown commercially on
any significant acreage. Not grown commercially in the United States.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21239
SELECTION: Seedling selection made by Dr. Tone Wagner at Zalec,
Yugoslavia (Slovenia) in the mid- to late 1970's
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Bobek
PEDIGREE: Northern Brewer x Yugoslavian male TG
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, Corvallis, Oregon, OSU East
Farm
ORIGIN: Seedling selection
DATE RECEIVED: April 3, 1980
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1980, pp. 41, 43.
Kralj, D., and Tone Wagner. New Slovene hop cultivars,
Blisk, Bobek, and Buket. Institute for Hop and Brewing
Research, Zalec, 1980 (mimeographed report).
Kralj, D. Hop Breeding in Slovenia (in German). Report
presented at the Scientific Commission, IHB, Novi Sad, Yugoslavia, 1984.
J. Kisgeci, A. Mijavek, M. Acimovic, P. Spevak, and N.
Vucic. 1984. Hmeljarstvo. pp. 126-138. Inst. za Ratarstvo
i Povrtarstvo, Novi Sad.
MATURITY: Medium to medium early
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Fair
YIELD: Poor (about 800 lbs/acre in Oregon test plots)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 8.1% (10-year range 6.0 to 9.3%)
BETA ACIDS: 5.0% (10-year range 4.0 to 6.6%)
COHUMULONE: 26%; colupulone 48%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to good (retained 66% of original alpha acids after
6 months at room temperature)
OIL: 1.4 ml/100 g (10-year range 0.82 to 2.67);
humulene 12.4%; caryophyllene 4.3%;farnesene 3.0%. H/C ratio=2.96
MAJOR TRAITS: Pleasant hop aroma, similar to established European aroma
hops. Small to medium small cones that are easy to pick.
OTHER INFORMATION: Not yet grown commercially on any significant acreage.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21240
SELECTION: Seedling selection made by Dr. T. Wagner at the Hop
Research Institute Zalec, Slovenia, in the mid-1970's
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Buket
PEDIGREE: (Northern Brewer x Yugoslavian male 2/137) x male TG
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, Corvallis,
Oregon, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Seedling Selection
DATE RECEIVED: April 3, 1980
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1980, pp. 41, 43.
Kralj, D., and Tone Wagner. New Slovene hop cultivars,
Blisk, Bobek, and Buket. Institute for Hop and Brewing
Research, Zalec, 1980 (mimeographed report).
Kralj, D. Hop Breeding in Slovenia (in German). Report
presented at the Scientific Commission, IHB, Novi Sad, Yugoslavia, 1984.
J. Kisgeci, A. Mijavek, M. Acimovic, P. Spevak, and N.
Vucic. 1984. Hmeljarstvo. pp. 126-138. Inst. za Ratarstvo
i Povrtarstvo, Novi Sad.
MATURITY: Medium to medium early
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant to moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Fair
YIELD: Fair to good; 10-year average 1060 lbs/acre (range 800 to 1800 lbs/acre)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 6-20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 11.0% (10-year range 8.7 to 13.5%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.9 (10-year range 4.2 to 6.3%)
COHUMULONE: 24%; colupulone 48%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair (retained 53% of original alpha acids after 6 months
at room temperature
OIL: 2.15 ml/100 g (10-year range 1.0 to 2.9 ml/100 g);
H/C - 2.91; humulene = 17.1; contains some farnesene
MAJOR TRAITS: Pleasant; aroma similar to established European aroma hops.
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop was developed as an aroma hop but it has failed
to be accepted by the trade thus far. No significant
acreage of Buket is in commercial production to this date (1997).

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21276
SELECTION: Unknown, probably mass selection in an old English
variety, made at Wye College, England
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Early Prolific
PEDIGREE: Unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, Corvallis, Oregon, OSU East
Farm
ORIGIN: Unknown, probably from Professor Salmon's work at Wye College
DATE RECEIVED: December 6, 1979
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1979, p. 40.
USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1980, p.
45 (Accessions No. assigned in 1980)
Wagner, T. 1978. Gene Pools of Hop Countries. p. 25.
Institute for Hop Research, Zalec, Yugoslavia.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Powdery Mildew: susceptible
Verticillium wilt: unknown
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Fair to poor
YIELD: Poor (4-year range 500-600 lbs/acre near Corvallis)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 10-24 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 4.7%
BETA ACIDS: 2.2%
COHUMULONE: 23%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good (retained over 80 percent of original alpha
acids after 6 months room temperature storage)
OIL: 0.5 ml/100 g; H/C 2.88; humulene 21.2%; low in myrcene (under 50%)
MAJOR TRAITS: Early maturity, pleasant continental aroma.
OTHER INFORMATION: Not grown commercially any more due to its low yields.
May be useful for breeding aroma hops.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21277
SELECTION: Unknown, probably mass selection from an old English
variety made at Wye College, England
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Early Promise
PEDIGREE: Unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, Corvallis,
Oregon, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Unknown, probably mass selection
DATE RECEIVED: December 6, 1979
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1979, p. 40.
USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1980, p.
45 (Accessions No. assigned in 1980)
Wagner, T. 1978. Gene Pools of Hop Countries. p. 25.
Institute for Hop Research, Zalec, Yugoslavia.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Powdery Mildew: susceptible
Verticillium wilt: unknown
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Fair to poor
YIELD: Poor, 600-800 lbs/acre near Corvallis
SIDEARM LENGTH: 6-20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 6.1%
BETA ACIDS: 1.7%
COHUMULONE: 30%
STORAGE STABILITY: Unknown
OIL: 0.5 ml/100 g; H/C ~ 2.77; humulene 18.4%, low in myrcen (about 42%)
MAJOR TRAITS: Early maturity, pleasant continental aroma.
OTHER INFORMATION: Not grown commercially any more due to its low yields.
May be useful for breeding continental-type aroma hops.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21278
SELECTION: no information available
GENUS: humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Keyworths Early
PEDIGREE: no information available
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU Hop Research Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: selected by Mr, Keyworth in the lat 1800s in England
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1981
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Burgess, A.H. Hops. Leonard Hill Books, Interscience
Publishers. New York, London. 1964
Neve, R.A. Hops. Chapman and Hall Publisheers,
London, New York. 1991
MATURITY: early
LEAF COLOR: light green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately suceptible
Verticillium wilt. resistant
Viruses: no information
VIGOR: fair to good
YIELD: poor in Corvallis test plots, fair to good in England
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 18 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 8.6%
BETA ACIDS: 3.3%
COHUMULONE: 33%
STORAGE STABILITY: good, retained 72% of original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.39 ml/100 g. Humulene 22%; caryophyllene 7.2%
Myrcene 44.9%; farnesene trace. H/C ratio = 3.04
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant continental aroma
OTHER INFORMATION: Choice old English aroma hop but limited by low yield potential.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21279
SELECTION: selected in the late 1800s by Mr. Keyworth in England
GENUS: humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Keyworths Midseason
PEDIGREE: no information available
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU Hop Research Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: probably a mutant selected in an established commercial
Hop Yard in England
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1980
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Burgess, A.H. Hops. Leonard Hill Books. New York
and London. 1964.
Neve, R.A. Hops. 1991. Chapman and Hall, New York
and London.
MATURITY: medium early
LEAF COLOR: light green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: modrately resistant
Viruses: no information
VIGOR: good to very good
YIELD: good to very good, 1,500 to 2,200 lbs/acre in Corvallis test
plots
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 18 to 30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 7.5%
BETA ACIDS: 3.1%
COHUMULONE: 46%
STORAGE STABILITY: fair to poor, retained about 49% of original alpha acids
after 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.89 ml/100 g. Humulene 13.4%; caryophyllene 10%
myrcene 55.8%; farnesene trace.
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant continental aroma, high yield potential
OTHER INFORMATION: used as an aroma hop primarily in England.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21280
SELECTION: no information available
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Pride of Kent
PEDIGREE: Brewer's Gold x OP
USDA 19001 x open pollinated
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: seedling selection at Wye College, England by Prof. E.S.
Salmon
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1980
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: Influence of variety on the composition of the alpha
and beta acids. J. Institute of Brewing 63: 1338-142. 1957.
MATURITY: medium early
LEAF COLOR: light green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: moderately resistant
Viruses: no information
VIGOR: good
YIELD: fair to good, 900 to 1,400 lbs/acre in Oregon test plots
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 8 to 11%
BETA ACIDS: 6 - 8%
COHUMULONE: 35%
STORAGE STABILITY: fair to poor, retained about 42% of original alpha acids
after 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 2.32 ml/100 g. Humulene 9.4%; caryophyllene 3.4%;
Myrcene 69.8%; farnesene trace. H/C ratio = 2.74
MAJOR TRAITS: high alpha plus beta acids; pleasant continental-type aroma
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is the mother of Pride of Ringwood (USDA 66052)

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21281
SELECTION: Open pollinated seedling selection made by Professor E.R.
Salmon at Wye College, England, in the 1920's or early 1930s.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Sunshine
PEDIGREE: Female OS99 x OP
OS99 arose from and open pollinated seed collected on the female B20, a
plant of unknown origin of the Golding class according to a letter from
Dr. R.A. Neve, head of the Dept. of Hop Research, Wye College, April 30,
1975. Neve says "Salmon conentrated very much on American seedlings and
the open pollination could easily have involved a wild American parent.
The oil chromatograms of Comet (USDA 62013) and Sunshine are similar."
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, Corvallis,
Oregon, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Seedling selection
DATE RECEIVED: December 6, 1979, USDA Accession No. assigned in 1980
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Research for 1979, p. 40.
USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Research for 1980, p. 45.
Salmon, E.S. 1946. Two new hops: 'Pride of Kent' and
'Sunshine Hop'. Leaflet. Wye College. 4 pp.
Wagner, T. 1978. Gene Pools of Hop Countries. p. 27.
Institute for Hop Research, Zalec, Slovenia).
MATURITY: Medium-early to medium
LEAF COLOR: Lemon yellow, light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown
Viruses: unkown
VIGOR: Fair to good
YIELD: Poor, 500-800 lbs/acre
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 7.5% (3-year range 6.7-8.2%)
BETA ACIDS: 2.7% (3-year range 2.1-3.1%)
COHUMULONE: 34%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to poor (retained 50% of original alpha acids after
6-months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.35 ml/100 g; H/C - 0.19; humulene 0.9%, almost not
present at all; myrcene above 55% of the oil
MAJOR TRAITS: Lemon yellow leaf color, which persists throughout the
whole growing season. This seems to be a single gene since crosses
between yellow-leaved females and males segregate in the ratio 1:2:1
albino:yellow:green.
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is an oddity because of its yellow leaf color and has value as an ornamental. Open-pollinated seedling of Sunshine, USDA 19120, is the mother of Comet (USDA 62013) from which Comet retained a slightly yellowish leaf coloring which is conspicuous in early spring but disappears later during the growing season. Due to the pale yellow leaf color of Sunshine the leaves often show necrotic burn in late summer due to heavy sunlight exposure. A yellow-leaf type called Humulus lupulus var. aureus is sold in the ornamental trade according to Gary Koller, Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21282
SELECTION: seedling selection Nr. 19/68/29 from a cross
made in 1968 at Wye College, England
GENUS: humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Wye Saxon
PEDIGREE: Svaloef 85 x male 14/66/136
Svaloef is an old Swedish hop that is no longer grown
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU Hop Experimental Farm, East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Wye College, England
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1980
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Various Wye College Reports starting in 1968.
Lemmens, Gerard. 1998. The parentage and breeding of
Hop varieties. Brewer's Digest, May 1998. 10 pages
MATURITY: early
LEAF COLOR: medium green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: free of all major hop viruses when received
VIGOR: fair to poor
YIELD: poor in USDA test plots, good in England
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 - 20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 8 - 10%
BETA ACIDS: 4-5 %
COHUMULONE: 20%
STORAGE STABILITY: very good, retained about 75% of original alpha acids
after 6 months storage at room temperature
OIL: 0.95 ml/100 g; (9 year range: 0.46 to 1.61 ml/100 g)
Humulene 11.8%; caryophyllene 5.6%; myrcene 54%
Farnesene 6.7%. H/C ratio = 2.16
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant aroma, resistant to verticillium wilt
OTHER INFORMATION: Not grown in significant amounts, but useful as breeding
material. Sister selection of Wye Viking, USDA 21283.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21283
SELECTION: seedling selection Nr. 19/68/19 from a cross made at Wye
College, England in 1968
GENUS: humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Wye Viking, also called "Viking"
PEDIGREE: Svalof x English male 14/66/136
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU Hop Research farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: Wye College, England
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Wye College Annual Reports starting about 1968
MATURITY: Lemmens, Gerard. 1998. The parentage and breeding of
hop varieties. Brewer's Digest, May 1998. 10 pages.
LEAF COLOR: green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy midew: resistant
Verticillium wilt: susceptible
Viruses: free of all 5 major hop viruses when received at
Corvallis.
VIGOR: fair to poor in Oregon, good in England
YIELD: poor
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 8 - 10%
BETA ACIDS: 4 - 5%
COHUMULONE: 21 - 24 %
STORAGE STABILITY: good, retained about 70% of original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.16 ml/100 g. Humulene 10.5%; caryophyllene 5.3 %
Myrcene 47.3%; Farnesene 9.1%. H/C ratio = 2.31
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant aroma, resistant to downy mildew
OTHER INFORMATION: sister selection of Wye Saxon, USDA 21282.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21284
SELECTION: Selected by a farm bailiff named Smith on Musgrave
Hilton's farm at Bramling in the parish of Ickham near Canterbury, England; this hop was grown
extensively already in 1865.
GENUS: Humulus -
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Bramling
PEDIGREE: Unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis, Oregon
ORIGIN: England; obtained from J.I. Haas Hop Farms Ltd. Sardis, BC, Canada
DATE RECEIVED: April 1981 (USDA Accession number assigned in 1981)
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety in Canada and England
REFERENCES: Burgess, A. H. 1964. Hops, Botany, Cultivation and
Utilization. Interscience Publishers Inc., New York, NY. p. 39.
USDA Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1981, pp. 9-30.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Medium green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately susceptible
Verticillium Wilt: unknown
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Poor, tends to have spotty regrowth (sleepers) in the spring.
YIELD: Low (600-1000 lbs/acre)
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5.8%
BETA ACIDS: 3.0%
COHUMULONE: 27%
STORAGE STABILITY: Good (retained 76% of original alpha acids after 6 months room temperature storage)
OIL: 0.90 ml/100 g
MAJOR TRAITS: European aroma characteristics.
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop was a major hop variety in England at the turn of the century but is now gradually disappearing because of low yields; grown commercially near Sardis, BC primarily for Canadian breweries interested in aroma hops.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21285
SELECTION: selected at Parma, ID by Dr. Bob Romanko
No specific information available but the hop is
believed to be an open-pollinated seedling of Hallertaur mittelfrueh
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: BOR 704, named after the location in the "Bone Yard" at
Prosser, WA (row 7, plant Nr. 04) where it was planted after being transferred from Parma, ID
PEDIGREE: no specific information available
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: SW Irrigated Agriculture Research Center, Parma, ID
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1981
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: 1981 Annual Report of Hop Research, USDA/ARS (pages 29 - 30), and later years
MATURITY: early
LEAF COLOR: light green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderately susceptible
Powdery mildew: no information
Verticillium wilt: tolerant
Viruses: no information
VIGOR: fair to good
YIELD: fair to poor ( 900 to 1600 lbs/acre, but very variable)
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 30 inches, poor clustering
ALPHA ACIDS: 2 - 3 %
BETA ACIDS: 3 - 4 %
COHUMULONE: 16 - 20 %
STORAGE STABILITY: fair ; retained 67% of original alpha acids after 6 months room
temperature storage
OIL: 0.65 ml/100 g. Humulene 46%; caryophyllene 13%; myrcene 21%
farnesene trace.
MAJOR TRAITS: very low co-humulone content (sometimes as low as 14%); pleasant
European aroma characteristics; ratio of Humulene:Caryophyllen
3.5, sometimes even higher
OTHER INFORMATION: low yield potential, low alpha acids content. This hop was used at Prosser, WA (Dr. Steve Kenny) in crosses to incoporate low cohumulone content into new progeny. A one acre commercial trial in the Yakima Valley gave unsatisfactory results and brewing trials were inconclusive.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21286
SELECTION: Clonal selection of Shinshuwase (USDA Accession No 60042)
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Kirin II
PEDIGREE: Saazer x White Vine-OP, developed in Japan by Kiri Brewery Co. Ltd Tokyo, Japan
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Japan; obtained from Dr. C.B. Skotland, IAREC, Prosser, WA
DATE RECEIVED: Feb. 1981 (USDA Accession No. assigned in 1981)
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report on Hop Investigations for 1981.pp. 29-30
MATURITY: Very late
LEAF COLOR: : Medium green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant
Verticillium Wilt: unknown
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Excellent
YIELD: Very high (2000-2500 lbs/acre)
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24-48 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 8% (3-year range: 6.8-10.3%)
BETA ACIDS: 6.4% (3-year range: 5.2-8.0%)
COHUMULONE: 43-45%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good (retained 70% of original alpha acids after 6 months room
temperature storage)
OIL: 1.15 ml/100 g
MAJOR TRAITS: Very late maturity; red stem; poor loose cone type, shatters heavily,
particularly when grown seeded; low humulene in the oil (l3.5 )
OTHER INFORMATION: Major hop variety in Japan grown exclusively under
brewery contracts because of government orders to
reduce hop imports to Japan.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21287
SELECTION: Selected in the early 1970's by Dr. R.R. Romanko at Parma, Idaho, as Sel No. I 43-11
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Banner
PEDIGREE: Open pollinated seedling of Brewer's Gold (USDA 19001)
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, Corvallis, Oregon, OSU East
Farm
ORIGIN: Seedling selection I 43-11
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1981
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1981, p. 30.
Haunold, A. Annual Report to the Hop Research Council for 1988, p. 6.
Romanko, R.R., G.B.Nickerson, J. Jaeger, S.T. Kenny, and C.B.Skotland
Registration of Banner Hop. Crop Science 36: 1417. 1996
MATURITY: Medium early
LEAF COLOR: Light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: susceptible
Verticillium wilt: moderately resistant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Good to very good
YIELD: Very good (5-year average in Oregon 2175 lbs/acre in
nursery plots; about 1800 lbs/acre in commercial 4-acre plot)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 11.1% (5-year range 8.4 to 13.0%)
BETA ACIDS: 6.5% (5-year range 5.3 to 8.0%)
COHUMULONE: 34%
STORAGE STABILITY: Poor, retained 43% of original alpha acids after 6 months room temperature storage.
OIL: 2.17 ml/100 g. Humulene 11.8%; caryophyllene 7.7%; myrcene 66.4%
Farnesene trace. Humulene/caryophyllene ratio = 2.35
MAJOR TRAITS: Appears to combine moderately high alpha acids content with pleasant aroma characteristics.
OTHER INFORMATION: Was planted on a 4-acre plot in Oregon near Mt. Angel, but had to be discontinued due to severe mildew infection. A 300-acre commercial plot in Washington and 100 acres in Idaho was contracted to Anheuser Busch starting in 1988. Like its half-sister USDA 21222 (Aquila), Banner was officially released by Dr. Romanko in 1996. Brewing evaluation (mainly by Anheuser Busch) of Banner has been inconclusive, and the variety was recently eliminated from further testing.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21373
SELECTION.: seedling selection Nr. 7006-398 of cross 7006 made at Corvallis
OR. in 1970
GEWNUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Horizon
PEDIGREE: USDA 65009 x USDA 64035M
Brewer's Gold x Early Green-unknown male x Zattler Seedling
PRIMARY SITE: OSU - UDDA Hop Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR. 97331
DATE RECEIVED: cross made in 1970. USDA Accession Nr. assigned in 1982
METHOD RECEIVED: seedling selection
AVAILABILITY: no restrictions, commercial variety released by USDA
REFERENCES: Alfred Haunold: Various USDA Annual reports starting in 1970
Alfred Haunold. Various Annual Reports to the Hop Research
Council starting in 1990.
USDA-ARS. 1997. Release notice of Horizon, a dual purpose
high-alpha hop.
MATURITY: medium late
LEAF COLOR: green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately sdusceptible
Verticillium wilt: moderately resistant
Viruses: latest tests in 1993 showed no presence of Prunus Necrotic
Ringspot and Apple Mosaic viruses,the so-called ILAR viruses, but
moderate infection with CARLA viruses (hop mosaic, hop latent
and American hop latent viruses) which did not appear to affect
Cone yields.
VIGOR: moderately vigorous
YIELD: medium to good, averaging 1,800 to 2,000 lbs/acre in Washington
test plots , but somewhat less in Oregon where downy mildew was
a problem.
SIDE-ARM LENGTH: 15 to 30 inches
ALPHA ACIDES: 13.6% on average (range: 10.2 to 16.5%)
BETA ACIDS: 6.3% (range: 4.6 to 9.0 %)
COHUMULONE: 19% (range: 17 to 22%)
STORAGE STABILITY: very good, retained 68 to 89% or original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storage
OIL: range of 1.25 to 2.60 ml/100 g
60-70% myrcene; 8-10% humulene; 5-6% caryophyllene;
2% farnesene. Ratio of Humulene/caryophyllene = 1.5 to 1.7
MAJOR TRAITS: high alpha acids content coupled with very low cohumulone
content. This hop is a diploid, 2n = 20 and should be grown in
the absence of male hops to avoid seed production.
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is being tested on a l imited acreage by a major brewer.
The low cohumulone content appears to be beneficial for foam
stability and pleasant "mouthfeel" as judged by professional taste
panels.
The mother of Horizon, USDA 65009, is also the mother of Nugget,
USDA 21193.

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ACCESSION No.: 21396
SELECTION: no information available
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Tolhurst
PEDIGREE: no information available
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU Hop Research Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: Wye College, England
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1982
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Neve, R.A. 1991. Hops. Chapman and Hall,New York,
London
Various USDA Annual Reports for Hop Research starting
in 1982
MATURITY: early to medium early
LEAF COLOR: medium green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: no information
Viruses: no information
VIGOR poor in Corvallis test plots
YIELD: poor in Corvallis plots, averaging 300 to 700 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 10 to 20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 2.2%
BETA ACIDS: 2.9%
COHUMULONE: 31%
STORAGE STABILITY: poor, retained about 49% of its original alpha acids
after 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.65 ml/100 g. Humulene 19.4%; caryophyllene 7.7%;
myrcene 42.5%; farnesene 8.3%. H/C ratio = 2.55
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant continental-type aroma, high farnesene in the oil
OTHER INFORMATION: This old English hop variety is no longer grown commercially.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21397
SELECTION: no information available
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: tetraploid Hallertauer mittelfrueh
PEDIGREE: no information available
PRIMARY SITE USDA/ARS Hop Greenhouse, OSU campus
ORIGIN: Wye College, University of London, England
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1982
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: various USDA annual reports starting in 1982
MATURITY: early
LEAF COLOR: light green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: moderately susceptible
Viruses: free of all major hop viruses when received
VIGOR: fair to poor
YIELD: poor
SIDE ARM LENGTH: short, 6 - 12 inches on average
ALPHA ACIDS: 3 to 4%
BETA ACIDS: 3 to 4%
COHUMULONE: 22 to 24 %
STORAGE STABILITY: poor, lost about 50% of original alpha acids after
6 months room temperatue storage
OIL: 0.88 ml/100 g; humulene 39%, caryophyllene 11%
farnesene trace, myrcene 34%. H/C ratio = 3.36
MAJOR TRAITS: tetraploid, 2n = 40 obtained through colchicine
Treatment don by Dr. Peter Darby, Wye College.
OTHER INFORMATION: too weak to be grown outdoors. Valuable as parental
material to develop triploid cultivars. This genotype
is the mother of Mt. Hood (USDA 21455), Liberty
(USDA 21457), Ultra (21484) and Crystal (21490).

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21403
SELECTION: Seedling selection made in the late 1970's at the Riwaka
Research Station, near Nelson, New Zealand, by Mr. Tony
Frost, Superintendent of the Station
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Sticklebract
PEDIGREE: Tetraploid First Choice (USDA 66055) x OP
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, Corvallis, Oregon, OSU East
Farm
ORIGIN: Seedling selection
DATE RECEIVED: December 15, 1983
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1983, pp. 27-28.
Haunold, A. 1981. Foreign Travel Report, Kenya,
Australia, and New Zealand, January to March 1981, USDA
ARS Annual Report for 1981, pp. 200-213.
Beatson, R.A., and J.F. Rohrbach. Annual Report of Hop
Research Activities in New Zealand, 1985 and subsequent
years. Riwaka Research Station, Motueka, New Zealand.
MATURITY: Very late (late September to early October in Oregon)
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably resistant
Viruses: free of major hop viruses
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Very good (6-year range 1900-2500 lbs/acre)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 24-40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 10.3% (6-year range 7.2-13.1%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.9% (6-year range 3.7-6.1%)
COHUMULONE: 40-43%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good, retained over 75% of original alpha acids
after 6-months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.20 ml/100 g (6-year range 0.76-1.72 ml/100 g). Humulene 7.7%;
Caryophyllene 3.4%; myrcene 63.6%; farnesene 4.0%. H/C ratio = 2.60
MAJOR TRAITS: Triploid, naturally seedless, even in the presence of
diploid male plants; high alpha acids potential (12-15%);
very high yield potential; 13% humulene; (H/C - 2.10);
very high in myrcene; about 6% farnesene.
OTHER INFORMATION: Grown commercially in New Zealand for domestic use and
export. New Zealand's hop acreage has nearly doubled in
the last 10 years to about 440 acres with a 1991
production of about 1 million lbs at an average yield of 2257 lbs/acre.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21404
SELECTION: Selected in the late 1970's by Mr. Tony Frost,
Superintendent of the Riwaka Research Station, near
Nelson, New Zealand as a seedling selection
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Green Bullet
PEDIGREE: Tetraploid Smooth Cone (USDA 66056) x OP
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, Corvallis, Oregon, OSU East
Farm
ORIGIN: Seedling selection
DATE RECEIVED: December 15, 1983
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1983, pp. 27-28.
Haunold, A. 1981. Foreign Travel Report, Kenya,
Australia, and New Zealand, January to March 1981, USDA
ARS Annual Report for 1981, pp . 200-213.
Beatson, R.A., and J.F. Rohrbach. Annual Report of Hop
Research Activities in New Zealand, 1985 and subsequent
years. Riwaka Research Station, Motueka, New Zealand.
MATURITY: Late, matures late September to early October in Oregon
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably resistant
Viruses: free of major hop viruses
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Good to very good near Corvallis (6-year range 800 to
1920 lbs/acre; substantially higher in New Zealand
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 9.2% (6-year range 5.8 to 11.4%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.3% (6-year range 2.9 to 5.6%)
COHUMULONE: 42%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good, retained 78% of original alpha acids after 6
months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.79 ml/100 g (5-year range 0.46-1.13 ml). Humulene 15.4%;
caryophyllene 18.5%; myrcene 65.3%, no farnesene. H/C ratio = 1.80
MAJOR TRAITS: Triploid, naturally seedless, even in the presence of
fertile diploid males; very late maturity; high yield
potential; H/C = 3.21, humulene 18%, very high in myrcene, no farnesene.
OTHER INFORMATION: Most widely grown hop variety in New Zealand at the
present time. 1991 New Zealand hop production was about
1 mill. lbs. on 443 acres.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21405
SELECTION: Open Pollinated seed collected on tetraploid Smooth Cone
made at the Riwaka Research Station, near Nelson, New Zealand, in the late
1970's
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: SuperAlpha
PEDIGREE: Tetraploid Smooth Cone (USDA 66056) x OP
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, Corvallis, Oregon, OSU East
Farm
ORIGIN: Seedling selection
DATE RECEIVED: December 15, 1983
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1983, pp. 27-28.
Haunold, A. 1981. Foreign Travel Report, Kenya,
Australia, and New Zealand, January to March 1981, USDA
ARS Annual Report for 1981, pp. 200-213.
Beatson, R.A., and J.F. Rohrbach. Annual Report of Hop
Research Activities in New Zealand, 1985 and subsequent
years. Riwaka Research Station, Motueka, New Zealand.
MATURITY: Late
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably resistant
Viruses: free of major hop viruses
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Fair to good near Corvallis (6-year average 1203 lbs/acre
with a range from 1000 to 1800 lbs/acre); substantially
higher in New Zealand.
SIDEARM LENGTH 24 to 48 inches:
ALPHA ACIDS: 10.4% (6-year range 9.5-12.7%)
BETA ACIDS: 5.4% (6-year range 3.6-7.0%)
COHUMULONE: 36%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good, retained 79% of the original alpha acids after
Not gr6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.25 ml (6-year range 0.6-1.4 ml). Humulene 14.8%; caryophyllene 14.1%
myrcene 63.7%; farnesene trace. H/C ratio = 2.42
MAJOR TRAITS: High yield potential. High alpha acids potential in New
Zealand (up to 15%); H/C ~ 3.34; humulene 16.7%, very
high in myrcene, no farnesene.
OTHER INFORMATION: Grown on a significant acreage in New Zealand because of
its high alpha acid potential good yields both for domestic consumption and exports. Not grown commercially in the United States because of very late maturity.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21406
SELECTION: Open pollinated seedling selection made at the Riwaka
Research Station, near Nelson, New Zealand, in the late 1970's by Mr. Tony
Frost
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: AlphAroma
PEDIGREE: Tetraploid Smooth Cone (USDA 66056) x OP
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, Corvallis, Oregon, OSU East
Farm
ORIGIN: Seedling selection
DATE RECEIVED: December 15, 1983
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1983, pp. 27-28.
Haunold, A. 1981. Foreign Travel Report, Kenya,
Australia, and New Zealand, January to March 1981, USDA
ARS Annual Report for 1981, pp. 200-213.
Beatson, R.A., and J.F. Rohrbach. Annual Report of Hop
Research Activities in New Zealand, 1985 and subsequent
years. Riwaka Research Station, Motueka, New Zealand.
MATURITY: Late to very late
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably resistant
Viruses: free of major hop viruses
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Very good, 6-year average 2330 lbs/acre (range 1100 to
3400 lbs/acre)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 20-40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 9.4% (6-year range 5.8-10.9%)
BETA ACIDS: 3.5% (6-year range 2.6-4.8%)
COHUMULONE: 27%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good, retained 72% of original alpha acids after 6
months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.21 ml/100 g (6-year range 0.63-1.52 ml); H/C - 3.43,
humulene 14.6%, very high in myrcene, about 5% farnesene
MAJOR TRAITS: Triploid, high yield potential; high alpha acids
potential (up to 15%), particularly in New Zealand but less so in Oregon.
Very late maturity.
OTHER INFORMATION: Grown on significant acreage acreage in New Zealand since
the mid-1980's both for domestic consumption and export. Not grown commercially in the United States

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21455
SELECTION: Seedling selection from a 1983 cross between the
colchicine-induced tetraploid female Hallertauer m.f.
(USDA 21397) and the male breeding line USDA 19058M made at Corvallis,
Oregon
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Mt. Hood
PEDIGREE: 21397 x 19058M
Tetraploid Hallertauer m.f. x Early Green-Unknown Seedling
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Seedling No. 8301-10 of cross 8301
DATE RECEIVED: 1983; USDA Accession No. assigned in 1985
METHOD RECEIVED: Seedling selection, USDA Accession No. assigned in 1985
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions
REFERENCES: Haunold, A, and G.B. Nickerson. Registration of Mt. Hood
Hop (Registration No. 16, PI 535808). Crop Sci. 30:423. 1990.
Haunold, A. and G.B. Nickerson. Mt. Hood, a New American
Noble Aroma Hop. American Society of Brewing Chemists Journal
48(3):115-118. 1990.
USDA-ARS Ann. Report and Data Summary 1985. p. 24.
Annual Reports to the Hop Research Council, 1986 to 1990.
MATURITY: Medium
LEAF COLOR: Green to light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably tolerant or
Viruses: free of Apple and Cherry serotypes of Prunus Necrotic Ringspot,
free of Hop Mosaic, Hop Latent, and American Hop Latent viruses.
Occasional yellow flecks on lower leaves, probably due to physiological
factors.
VIGOR: Good to very good
YIELD: 1,400-2,200 kg/ha (1250-1960 lbs/acre)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 50-120 cm (20-40 inches)
ALPHA ACIDS: 5-7%
BETA ACIDS: 6-7.5%
COHUMULONE: 23%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to poor
OIL: 1.4 ml/100 g
MAJOR TRAITS: Similar to noble aroma European hops, low myrcene (below
50%), high humulene (26-36%), no farnesene. Ratio
humulene/caryophyllene 2.5- 2.8.
OTHER INFORMATION: Triploid, 2n=3x=30, naturally seedless, even when grown
in the presence of fertile diploid males. Adapted to
Oregon and Washington hop growing areas. Not adapted to
southern Idaho. 1991 production 950,000 lbs (867 acres). Total 1997
production was 1.12 million lbs.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21457
SELECTION: Seedling Selection No. 8303-117 from a 1983 cross between
tetraploid Hallertauer m.f. and a German aroma male made
at Corvallis, Oregon.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Liberty
PEDIGREE: 21397 x 64035M
tetraploid Hallertauer m.f. x Zattler Seedling
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Seedling 8303-117 of cross 8303
DATE RECEIVED: 1983; USDA Accession No. assigned in 1985.
METHOD RECEIVED: Seedling selection, USDA Accession No. assigned in 1985
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions
REFERENCES: Haunold, A., G.B. Nickerson, U. Gampert, and P.A.
Whitney. Registration of Liberty Hop (Registration No.
CV18, PI No. 558869). Crop Sci. 32. 1992 (in print).
Various annual reports of USDA hop research starting in 1985.
Annual reports to the Hop Research Council starting in 1986.
MATURITY: Medium early
LEAF COLOR: Green to dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably tolerant
Viruses: free of major hop viruses, such as Prunus and other strains of
Necrotic Ringspot, Hop Latent, and American Hop Latent; slight infection by
Hop Mosaic, generally symptomless.
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Good to very good, 1200-2000 kg/ha (1100-1780 lbs/A)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 4-6% in Oregon, slightly lower in Washington
BETA ACIDS: 3.5%
COHUMULONE: 24-28%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to good (retained 66% of original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storage)
OIL: 1.3 ml/100 g (average of 7 different samples);
myrcene 46%, humulene 31%, no farnesene; H/C - 3.43
MAJOR TRAITS: Aroma and quality characteristics similar to imported
noble aroma European hops (balanced alpha and beta acids
content, moderately low cohumulone content, triploid,
genetically sterile, 2n=3x=30, produces few seeds, even
when grown in the presence of fertile diploid males.
OTHER INFORMATION: Adapted to Oregon and Washington hop growing areas,
poorly adapted in southern Idaho. Six acres commercial
production each in Oregon and Washington in 1991.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21484
SELECTION: Seedling selection Nr. 8305-17 from cross 8305 made at Corvallis
OR in 1983.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Ultra
PEDIGREE: USDA 21397 x 21373M
Tetraploid Hallertauer mittelfrueh x diploid Saazer- OP
4/6 Hallertauer mittelfrueh; 1/6 Saazer; 1/6 unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-OSU experimental hop farm. East Farm, Corvallis OR.
ORIGIN: Cross 8305 made in1983. USDA Accession Nr. assigned in 1985
DATE RECEIVED: 1983
METHOD RECEIVED" seedling selection
AVAILABILITY: no restrictions, commercial cultivar released by USDA
REFERENCE: Alfred Haunold. Various USDA Annual reports starting in 1983.
Alfred Haunold. Various Reports to the Hop Research Council
Starting about 1988
Haunold, G.B. Nickerson, U. Gampert, and D.S. Kling. 1997.
Registration of 'Ultra'Hop. Crop Science 37: 291 - 292. 1997.
MATURITY: medium late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downwy mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: moderately resistant
Viruses: free of all 5 major hop viruses at the time of its release (1995)
VIGOR: very good
YIELD: very good, 1,800 to 2,000 lbs/acre in Oregon and Washington;
not adapted to southern Idaho.
SIDE-ARM LENGTH: 24 to 36 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 3 to 5%
BETA ACIDS: 4 to 5%
COHUMULONE: 25 to 30%
STORAGE STABILITY: good, similar to Fuggle (USDA 48209) or Willamette (USDA 21041)
OIL: 1.3 to 1.5 ml/100 g, somewhat higher than Hallertauer mittelfrueh.
30 - 40% humulene, 30% myrcene, 12 - 14% caryophyllene,
no farnesene. This oil composition is nearly identical to that of
Hallertaur mittelfrueh
MAJOR TRAITS: similar aroma profile to Hallertauer mittelfrueh; high yield potential
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is a triploid, 2n= 30 and is nearly seedless even when grown
in the presence of fertile male hops. Ultra is prized by craft brewers
because of its Hallertauer -like aroma and pleasant bitterness.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21490
SELECTION: Seedling selection Nr. 8309-37 from cross Nr. 9, made at Corvallis,
OR in 1983.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Crystal
PEDIGREE: USDA 21397 x USDA 21381M
Tetraploid Hallertauer mittelfrueh x (Cascade x USDA 65009-64034M)
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-OSU Experimental hop farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: Seedling selection from a controlled cross made by Dr. Alfred Haunold
at Corvallis, OR in 1983.
DATE RECEIVED: 1983
METHOD RECEIVED: Seedling selection
AVAILABITLITY: no restrictions, publicly released hop variety
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS. Notice of Release of Crystal, a new aroma hop cultivar.
Washington DC, July 1993.
Alfred Haunold, Gail B. Nickerson, Ulrich Gampert, Donna Kling, and
Stephen T. Kenny. 1995. Liberty and Crystal - two new US-developed
Aroma hops. J. Amer. Society of Brewing Chemists 53: 9 - 13. 1995.
MATURITY: medium late to late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately susceptible
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: free of all major hop viruses at the time of its release
VIGOR: very good
YIELD: very good, 1,800 to 2,200 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24 to 48 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 2.8 to 4.4%
BETA ACIDS: 5.8 to 7.0 %
COHUMULONE: 21 to 26%
STORAGE STABILITY: fair to good, lost an average of 35% of original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.82 ml/100 g. Humulene 26%, caryophyllene 7/7%, farnesene- trace,
Myrcene 47%. Ratio of Humulene/Caryophyllene = 3.38
MAJOIR TRAITS: Similar oil profile as Hallertauer mittelfrueh; pleasant continental-type
aroma; suitable for flavoring beers and ales when Hallertaur-type aroma
is desired.
OTHER INFORMATION: Crystal is a half-sister of Mt. Hood (USDA 21455), Liberty
(USDA 21457), and Ultra (USDA 21484).

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21496
SELECTION: no information available
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupuls
CULTIVAR: Tettnanger A
PEDIGREE no information available; the original Tettnanger (USDA 61021, and USDA 21015) probably arose from an old Landrace in southern Germany.
Tettnanger A is a clonal selection made in the 1970s at the University of Hohenheim, Germany, (Dr. Schmuetz)
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU Hop Research Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: clonal selection
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1987
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Various USDA Annual Reports for Hop Research
starting in 1987
Kohlmann, H., and A. Kastner. 1975. The Hop (in German)
Second edition. German Soc. for Hop Research Wolnzach.
MATURITY: early
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: tolerant
Verticillium wilt: tolerant
Viruses: free of all major hop viruses when received
VIGOR: fair to good
YIELD: fair to poor, poor clustering and cone set; averaged under
1,000 lbs/acre in Oregon commercial plots (Goschie Farms).
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 4.4%
BETA ACIDS: 5.0%
COHUMULONE: 23%
STORAGE STABILITY: poor, lost over 60% of original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.85 ml/100 g. Humulene 16.6%; caryophyllene 5.1%;
Myrcene 47.2%; farnesene 13.6%. H/C ratio = 3.30
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant continental-type aroma; low cohumulone content
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop belongs to the "Saazer Formenkreis-Saaz Group
of Varieties" and is believed to be closely related to Saazer hop (USDA 21077). Tettnanger A and its sister selection Tettnanger B were thought to possess slightly higher alpha acids potential than the original Tettnanger. Based on Corvallis tests this may be questionable

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21497
SELECTION: clonal selection made in the late 1970s at the
University of Hohenheim by Dr. Schmuetz
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Tettnanger B
PEDIGREE: no information available
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU Hop Research Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: University of Hohenheim, Germany
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1987
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Various USDA Annual Reports for Hop Research starting
in 1987
Kohlmann, H., and A. Kastner. 1975. The Hop, second edition. German Society for Hop Research, Wolnzach (in German).
MATURITY: early
LEAF COLOR: dark green, but reddish stems especially at side-arm branching
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: moderately resistant
Viruses: free of all major hop viruses when received
VIGOR: fair to good
YIELD: fair to poor, under 1,000 lbs/ acre in commercial OR plots
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 20 inches, sometimes longer
ALPHA ACIDS: 5.3%
BETA ACIDS: 5.2%
COHUMULONE: 23%
STORAGE STABILITY: poor, lost about 50% of its original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storagee
OIL: 0.90 ml/100 g. Humulene 14.0%; caryophyllene 4.1%;
Myrcene 53.8%; farnesene 11.5%. H/C ratio = 3.40
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant noble "continental" aroma, early maturity
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is a sister selection of Tettnanger A and appears to have slightly higher alpha acids potential which may or may not be significant. It also belongs to the "Saaz Group of Hop Varieties"and is believed to be closely related to Saazer (USDA 21077)

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21498
SELECTION: no published information available
GENUS: humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Yeoman
PEDIGREE: no published information available
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU Hop Research Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: seedling selection from a cross made at Wye College,
England in the 1970s.
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1987
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Neve, R.A., and P. Darby. Wye College Annual Report
of Hop Research, 1983, page 39.
Neve, R.A. Hops. Chapman and Hall, London, New York
1991.
MATURITY: early to medium early
LEAF COLOR: green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: resistant
Powdery mildew: resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: free of all major hop viruses when received
VIGOR: fair to good in Corvallis, good in England
YIELD: fair, 800 to 1,500 lbs/acre in USDA test plots at Corvallis
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 24 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 12 to 16%
BETA ACIDS: 4 to 5%
COHUMULONE: 25%
STORAGE STABILITY: very good, retained over 80% of its original alpha acids
after 6 months room temperature storage.
OIL: 1.7 to 2.4 ml/100 g. Humulene 19.8%; caryophyllene 9.5%
Myrcene 47.9%; farnesene trace. H/C ratio = 2.64
MAJOR TRAITS: very high alpha acids content, resistance to both powdery
and downy mildew, as well as to verticillium wilt.
OTHER INFORMATION: Valuable for breeding high alpha disease resistant hops.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21499
SELECTION: no published information available
GENUS: humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Zenith
PEDIGREE: no published information available
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU Hop Research Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: seedling selection from a cross made at Wye College,
England in the 1970s
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1987
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Neve, R.A., and P. Darby. Wye College Annual Report for
Hop Research, 1983, page 39.
Neve, R.A. Hops. Chapman and Hall. London, New York
1991.
Various USDA Annual Reports for Hop Research starting in
1987.
MATURITY: medium early
LEAF COLOR: green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: resistant
Powdery mildew: resistant
Verticillium Wilt: susceptible
Viruses: Free of all major hop viruses when received
VIGOR: fair to good
YIELD: fair to poor in USDA test plots at Corvallis, good in
England.
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 9 to 11%
BETA ACIDS: 3%
COHUMULONE: 25%
STORAGE STABILITY: very good, retained 82% of original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.76 ml/100 g. Humulene 18.4%; caryophyllene 6.9%
Myrcene 52.3%; farnesene trace. H/C ratio = 3.24
MAJOR TRAITS: high alpha acids content, resistance to both Downy and
Powdery mildew.
OTHER INFORMATION: valuable for mildew disease reistant hops

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21507
SELECTION: Seedling Selection W415-90 made in 1974 at the Irrigated
Agriculture Research and Extension Center, Prosser, WA
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Centennial
PEDIGREE: OR6619-04 x 63015M
(Brewer's Gold2 x Fuggle-Fuggle Seedling) x (Brewer's
Gold2 x East Kent Golding - Bavarian Seedling)
3/4 Brew/Gold; 3/32 Fuggle; 1/16 East Kent Golding;
1/32 Bavarian; 1/16 unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA Hop Germplasm Collection, OSU East Farm
Washington State University Irrigated Agriculture
Research and Extension Center, Prosser, WA
ORIGIN: Seedling selection of cross W415, made in 1974 at
Prosser, WA (Seedling selection 415-90)
DATE RECEIVED: March 1981
USDA Accession No. assigned in 1987
METHOD RECEIVED: Potted plants
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions
REFERENCES: Kenny, S.T., and C.E. Zimmermann. Registration of
Centennial Hop (Registration No. CV-17, PI546055). Crop Sci. 31:1092.
1991.
USDA Ann. Report and Data Summary 1981, Table 3, p. 29.
Ann Report to the Hop Reseach Council (Prosser, WA). 1990.
MATURITY: Early to medium early
LEAF COLOR: Light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium Wilt: unknown, probably tolerant
Viruses: slight latent infection with Hop Mosaic,
Hop Latent, and American Hop Latent viruses, symptomless.
YIELD: Good to very good, 1600-1900 kg/ha (1430-1700 lbs/A)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 9 - 12 %
BETA ACIDS: 4-5%
COHUMULONE: 28 - 32%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to poor (lost over 50% of original alpha acids after
6 months storage at room temperature)
OIL: 2.83 ml/lOOg (average of 3 years)
50% myrcene, 14% humulene, 5% caryophyllene, no
farnesene, citrus-floral aroma. H/C ratio 2.0 to 2.3
MAJOR TRAITS: Aroma and brewing performance attractive to small
brewers, home brewers, and microbrewers
OTHER INFORMATION: Well adapted to the Yakima Valley, WA, Centennial has
never been tested in commercial field trials in Oregon.
1991 acreage less than l00 acres.
Male parent of Centennial is the same as that of Nugget (USDA 21193).

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21514
SELECTION: clonal selection Nr. 6 of the original German Hersbrucker
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Hersbrucker-6
PEDIGREE: identical to USDA 21179,. 21185 or 21517
All other information about this hop is identical to that of the above
Hersbrucker clones.
PRIMARY SITE
ORIGIN:
DATE RECEIVED:
METHOD RECEIVED:
AVAILBILITY:
REFERENCES:
MATURITY:
LEAF COLOR:
SEX:
DISEASES:
VIGOR:
YIELD:
SIDE ARM LENGTH:
ALPHA ACIDS:
BETA ACIDS:
COHUMULONE:
STORAGE STABILITY:
OIL:
MAJOR TRAITS:
OTHER INFORMATION: This clone was thought to have a slight yield advantage in certain
German hop growing areas. There is no information available regarding the extent of commercial planting (if any) of this selection.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21515
SELECTION: clonal selection Nr. 8 of the original German Hersbrucker
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Hersbrucker-8
PEDIGREE: identical to USDA 21179, 21185, or 21517
All other information about this hop is identical to that of the
above Accession numbers
PRIMARY SITE
ORIGIN:
DATE RECEIVED:
METHOD RECEIVED:
AVAILBILITY:
REFERENCES:
MATURITY:
LEAF COLOR:
SEX:
DISEASES:
VIGOR:
YIELD:
SIDE ARM LENGTH:
ALPHA ACIDS:
BETA ACIDS:
COHUMULONE:
STORAGE STABILITY:
OIL:
MAJOR TRAITS:
OTHER INFORMATION: This clone was thought to have a certain yield advantage in some
German hop growing areas. No information is available regarding the
extent of commercial plantings of this hop clone.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21516
SELECTION: clonal selection Nr. 9 of the original German hersbrucker
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Hersbrucker-9
PEDIGREE: identical to USDA 21179, 21185, or 21517
All other information about this hop is idential to that listed for
the above Accession numbers.
PRIMARY SITE
ORIGIN:
DATE RECEIVED:
METHOD RECEIVED:
AVAILBILITY:
REFERENCES:
MATURITY:
LEAF COLOR:
SEX:
DISEASES:
VIGOR:
YIELD:
SIDE ARM LENGTH:
ALPHA ACIDS:
BETA ACIDS:
COHUMULONE:
STORAGE STABILITY:
OIL:
MAJOR TRAITS:
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop was thought to have the best yield potential of all Hersbrucker clones (USDA Accession numbers 21514 to 21519). There is no information about the extent of commercial plantings (if any) of this or any other Hersbrucker clones listed above. The acreage of Hersbrucker in Germany had dropped significantly in recent years (late 1990s), since major foreign customers were dissatisfied with the alpha acids content of Hersbrucker hop. Furthermore, Hersbrucker is now increasingly being replaced by newer German aroma hops such as Hallertauer Tradition and Spalter Select.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21517
SELECTION: no specific information available
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Hersbrucker red-stem
PEDIGREE: old German landrace, no other information available
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: Hop Research Institute, Huell, Germany
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1988
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: 1988 Annual Report for Hop Research, USDA/ARS and later years
MATURITY: late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderately susceptible
Powdery mildew: non information
Verticillium Wilt: resistant
Viruses: free of major hop viruses when received at Corvallis
VIGOR: good
YIELD: good, but variable
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 20 to 40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5 - 6%
BETA ACIDS: 5 - 6%
COHUMULONE: 18%
STORAGE STABILITY: fair, retained 60% of original alpha acids after 6 months room
temperature storage
OIL: 1.20 ml/100 g. Humulene 10%; caryophyllene 9%; myrcene 55%;
Farnesene trace: H/C ratio = 1.75
MAJOR TRAITS: Pleasant European aroma characteristics
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is a clonal selection of the old German landrace Hersbrucker, but is thought to have slighly higher alpha acids potential. It is virtually identical to USDA 21514, 21515, 21516, and 21518, except that the main stems seem to have a slightly more reddish coloration, hence the name. There is no difference in brewing performance. Hersburcker was planted extensively in Germany in the mid 1980s to replace the wilt susceptible Hallertauer mittelfrueh. It has now (late 1990s) been largely replaced by newer German aroma hops (Hallertauer Tradition and Spalter Select) which have higher alpha acids potential.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21518
SELECTION: identical to USDA 21517
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Hersbrucker-alpha
PEDIGREE: identical to USDA 21517; all other information about this hop
Is identical to either 21517 or USDA 21179 or 21185
PRIMARY SITE
ORIGIN:
DATE RECEIVED:
METHOD RECEIVED:
AVAILBILITY:
REFERENCES:
MATURITY:
LEAF COLOR:
SEX:
DISEASES:
VIGOR:
YIELD:
SIDE ARM LENGTH:
ALPHA ACIDS:
BETA ACIDS:
COHUMULONE:
STORAGE STABILITY:
OIL:
MAJOR TRAITS:
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop clone was thought to have somewhat higher alpha acids potential as compared to the other Hersbrucker slections. In practice that has not been the case. There is no information available regarding the extent of commercial plantings of this selection.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21521
SELECTION: Heat treated/meristem tip cultured USDA 21077 made by Dr.
C.B. Skotland, Prosser, Washington, in 1988
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Saazer (meristem-36) medium early red hop, also called
Bohemian Red Hop
PEDIGREE: Unknown, probably a landrace grown in Czechoslovakia since the Middle
Ages
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Prosser, Washington (via Czechoslovakia)
DATE RECEIVED: Summer 1988
METHOD RECEIVED: Rooted softwood cuttings
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report and Data Summary for Hop Research
1988, p. 34 (Table 3).
USDA Annual Report for Hop Research 1988, Table 3, p. 33.
Rybacek, Vaclav. Hop Production. Developments in Crop
Science 16. Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam/New York/Tokyo.
1991. p. 77.
Neve, R.A. Hops. Chapman and Hall Publishing Co.
London, New York. 1991. p. 201.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Medium green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: tolerant to moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably tolerant
Viruses: free of Prunus Necrotic Ringspot, Apple
Mosaic, Hop Mosaic, Hop Latent, and American Hop Latent viruses
VIGOR: Poor to good depending on location
YIELD: Poor to good depending on location
SIDEARM LENGTH: 6-24 inches depending on location and daylength hours during the growing
season
ALPHA ACIDS: 2-5%
BETA ACIDS: 3-5%
COHUMULONE: 21-24%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to good
OIL: 0.6-0.9 ml/100 g
MAJOR TRAITS: Pleasant "noble" aroma, suitable for production of premium beers.
OTHER INFORMATION: Grown commercially in northern Idaho adjacent to the Canadian border at Busch Agricultural (BARI) Farms near Bonner's Ferry where yields reportedly exceed those of the original Saazer grown in Czechoslovakia. Released by C.B. Skotland as Saazer-36 (meristem 36), a composite of meristem 223 and 225 from hill No. 36 at the S.T. Kenny Hop Research Yard, Prosser, Washington.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21522
SELECTION: Selected from meristem-cultured/heat treated USDA 21077
by C.B. Skotland, Prosser, Washington
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Saazer (meristem-38), also called Bohemian Red Hop,
Saazer Medium Early Red Hop
PEDIGREE: Unknown, probably a landrace grown in Czechoslovakia since the
Ages
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Prosser, Washington (via Czechoslovakia)
DATE RECEIVED: July 1988
METHOD RECEIVED: Rooted softwood cuttings
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report and Data Summary of Hop Investigations for 1988, p.
34 (Table 3)
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Medium green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: tolerant to moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably tolerant
Viruses: free of Prunus Necrotic Ringspot, Apple
Mosaic, Hop Mosaic, Hop Latent, and American Hop Latent viruses
VIGOR: Good to poor depending on location
YIELD: Good to poor depending on location
SIDEARM LENGTH: 6-24 inches, probably depending on location and daylight hours during
growing season
ALPHA ACIDS: 4-5%
BETA ACIDS: 3-5%
COHUMULONE: 21-24%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to good
OIL: 0.6-0.8 ml/100 g
MAJOR TRAITS: Pleasant "noble" aroma suitable for production of super premium beers.
OTHER INFORMATION: Grown commercially in northern Idaho at the Busch Ag Resources (BARI) Hop Farms near Bonner's Ferry where yields reportedly exceed those of the original Saazer grown in Czechoslovakia. Poorly adapted to the Yakima Valley or Willamette Valley, probably because of shorter day length during the growing season. Originally identified as Saazer-38 (meristem No. 231 from hill No. 38 at the S.T. Kenny Hop Research Yard, Prosser, Washington; reportedly somewhat less vigorous than Saazer meristem-36 (USDA 21521).

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21523
SELECTION: no information
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Lubelska, virus free
PEDIGREE: no information
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: Prosser , WA from heat treated and meristem
tip cultured Lubelska, USDA 21113
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1988
METHOD RECEIVED: potted soft wood cuttings
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report of Hop Research, 1988 and later years
MATURITY: early
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: modertely resistant
Powdery mildew: no information
Verticillium wilt: tolerant
Viruses: Free of PNRV and Apple Mosaic virus at time or receipt
VIGOR: fair to poor
YIELD: poor
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5 - 7 %
BETA ACIDS: 3 - 5 %
COHUMULONE: 23 - 25 %
STORAGE STABILITY: poor, retained about 55% of original alpha acids after 6 months
storage at room temperature
OIL: 0.88 ml/100 g. Humulene 14%; caryophyllene 4 - 6%;
Farnesene 12%; Myrcene 52%. H/C ratio = 3.88
MAJOR TRAITS: Pleasant European aroma characteristics
OTHER INFORMATION: This hops most likeley is a Saazer that was brought to Poland some years
Ago and was give the name of the locality where it was grown (near Pulawy, Poland. It is also closely related to Nadwislanska (USDA 21114) and is sometimes marketed together with this hop as "Lubelski" .
There is little difference in yield performance between virus free and virus infected clones.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21524
SELECTION: no information
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Nadwislanska, virus free
PEDIGREE: no information
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: Prosser, WA from heat treated USDA 21114 and meristem tip culture
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1988
METHOD RECEIVED: potted soft wood coutting
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Reports on Hop Research 1988 and later years
MATURITY: early
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderately resistant
Powdery mildew: no information
Vertricillium wilt: tolerant
Viruses: Free of PNRV and Apple Mosaic virus
VIGOR: poor
YIELD: poor
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 - 20 inches, poor clustering
ALPHA ACIDS: 4 - 6 %
BETA ACIDS: 4 %
COHUMULONE: 22 %
STORAGE STABILITY: poor, retained an average of 54% of its original alpha acids
after 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.73 ml/100 g. Humulene 13 - 15%; caryophyllene 4 %;
farnesene 11%; myrcene 56 %. H/C ratio = 3.59
MAJOR TRAITS: Pleasant European aroma characteristics
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop like its sister selection Lubelska is probably a Saazer clone which was brought to Poland from Czechoslovakia, probably before World War I and was given a local name. The trade markets both hops together under the Lubelski name and both have similar brewing performance. There appears to be little difference in yield performance between virus free and virus infected clones.

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USDA ACCESSION NO. 21525
SELECTION: Made by Prof. F. Osvald from a commercial Saazer hop
(USDA 21077) near Destnice, Czechoslovakia, in the 1950's.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: PEDIGREE: Osvald Saazer Clone 72Y
PPEDIGREE unknown, probably a land race grown in certain areas of Czechoslovakia
since the Middle Ages
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Hop Variety Collection at the Hop Research Institute Zalec, Yugoslavia
DATE RECEIVED Spring 1988
: METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: Commercial cultivar, no restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report for Hop Research 1988, Table 3, p. 33.
Rybacek, Vaclav. Hop Production. Developments in Crop
Science 16. Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam/New York/Tokyo.
1991. p. 77.
Neve, R.A. Hops. Chapman and Hall Publishing London, New York
. 1991. p. 201.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR Medium green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: tolerant to moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown
Viruses: infected with four hop viruses: Prunus Necrotic Ringspot, Apple
Mosaic, Hop
Mosaic, Hop
Mosaic, Hop Latent; free of American Hop Latent Virus.
VIGOR: Poor, especially in early spring when regrowth is sparse (sleepers)
YIELD: Poor to fair
SIDEARM LENGTH: 6-12 inches; hop frequently fails to reach the top of the trellis (18 ft)
ALPHA ACIDS: 3-4%
BETA ACIDS: 4-5%
COHUMULONE: 21-24%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair
OIL: 0.5-0.8 ml/100 g; humulene 20-25%, H/C 3.36; contain about 10% farnesene
MAJOR TRAITS: Pleasant (noble) aroma suitable for production of super premium beers, mild
bitterness, particularly suited for production of Pilsener type beers.
OTHER INFORMATION: Heat treatment and meristem tip culture by Dr. C.B. Skotland, Prosser,
Washington in 1989 resulted in virus-free clones 72Y (USDA Accession
No.21 Closely related to (perhaps identical) to USDA 21077.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21527
SELECTION: Originated from the regional variety Ustecky krajovy by
mass-selection and was registered in 1952.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Blato
PEDIGREE: Unknown, probably related to Saazer
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Czechoslovakia
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1988
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1988, pp. 33, 35, 36.
Rybacek, Vaclav. Hop Production (Developments in Crop
Science 16). Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, New York. 1991. p.
75, 76.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately susceptible
Verticillium wilt: unknown
Viruses: infected with all 5 major hop viruses
VIGOR: Poor
YIELD: Poor, under 600 lbs/acre in Corvallis test plots, probably higher in
Czechoslovakia
SIDEARM LENGTH: 6-10 inches; plants frequently failed to reach the top of the trellis (18 ft).
ALPHA ACIDS: 4.5%
BETA ACIDS: 3.5%
COHUMULONE: 21%, colupulone 44%
STORAGE STABILITY: Unknown, probably similar to Sanzer
OIL: Not yet analyzed, probably similar to Saazer
MAJOR TRAITS: Pleasant noble aroma, suitable for production of super-premium beers, mild bitterness, particularly suited for production of Pilsener beer; reddish stems.
OTHER INFORMATION: Grown commercially in Czechoslovakia; is believed to be a mixture of different biotypes, all originating from Saazer. Handled in the trade collectively under the trade name Saazer or Bohemian Early Red hop. According to Rybacek (1991) Blato is "one of the oldest authorized hop varieties"in the Czech Republic (formerly Czechoslovakia).

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21528
SELECTION: Obtained from the variety Zatecky krajovy by clonal selection
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Lucan, probably very closely related to Saazer (USDA 21077)
PEDIGREE: Unknown, probably closely related to Saazer
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Hop Research Institute Zatec, Czechoslovakia
DATE RECEIVED: August 10,1988
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1988, pp. 33, 35, 36.
Rybacek, Vaclav. Hop Production (Developments in Crop
Science 16). Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, New York. 1991. p.
75.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately susceptible
Verticillium wilt: unknown
Viruses: infected with all 5 hop viruses
VIGOR: Poor
YIELD: Produced about 300 lbs/acre in Corvallis test plots,
probably higher in Czechoslovakia
SIDEARM LENGTH: 6-10 inches, plants rarely reached the top of the trellis (18 ft)
ALPHA ACIDS: 4.0%
BETA ACIDS: 3.3%
COHUMULONE: 21%; colupulone 43%
STORAGE STABILITY: Unknown, probably very similar to Saazer
OIL: Unknown, probably similar to Saazer
MAJOR TRAITS: Pleasant noble aroma suitable for production of super
premium beers, mild bitterness; reddish stems.
OTHER INFORMATION: Grown commercially on limited acreage only in
Czechoslovakia. Sold by the hop trade under the
collective name Saazer or Bohemian Early Red hop.
According to Rybacek (1991), Lucan is "one of the oldest
recognized varieties grown in the Czech Republic."

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21531
SELECTION: Unknown, probably clonal selection from Saazer, USDA 21077
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Universal
PEDIGREE: Unknown, probably clonal selection from Saazer
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Hop Research Institute Zatec, Czechoslovakia
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1988
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1988, pp. 33, 36.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately susceptible
viruses
VIGOR: Poor, plants failed to reach the top of the trellis (18 ft.)
YIELD: Very poor (under 200 lbs/acre in Corvallis test plots)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 6-10 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5.2%
BETA ACIDS: 3.7%
COHUMULONE: 23%; colupulone 43%
STORAGE STABILITY: Unknown, probably similar to Saazer
OIL: Unknown, probably similar to Saazer
MAJOR TRAITS: Pleasant noble aroma, suitable for production of premium beers, mild bitterness; reddish stems.
OTHER INFORMATION: Hop apparently not grown commercially any more in Czechoslovakia since it is not mentioned in the 1991 book by Rybacek. If Universal is grown at all it is probably marketed under the Saazer trade name.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21532
SELECTION: Clonal selection by Professor F. Osvald, Hop Research
Institute Zatec (Saaz), Czechoslovakia in the 1950's
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Saazer Osvald clone 72C, probably identical to the original Saazer (USDA
21077)
PEDIGREE: Unknown, Czechoslovakian landrace grown in that country
since the Middle Ages
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Czechoslovakia
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1988 (from Ing. Robert Kellner, Zatec, Czechoslovakia)
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report and Data Summary of Hop Investigations 1988, p. 33
(Table 3).
Rybacek, Vaclav. Hop Production. Developments in Crop
Science 16. Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam/New York/Tokyo.
1991. p. 77.
Neve, R.A. Hops. Chapman and Hall Publishing Co. London, New York. 1991. p. 201.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Medium green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: tolerant to moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably tolerant
Viruses: infected with Prunus Necrotic Ring spot,
Apple Mosaic, Hop Mosaic and Hop Latent Virus
VIGOR: Poor, especially in early spring when sleepers (lack of re growth) are common
YIELD: Poor, less than 800 lbs/acre under commercial conditions
SIDEARM LENGTH: 6-10 inches; plants frequently fail to reach the top of the trellis (18 ft)
ALPHA ACIDS: 3-4%
BETA ACIDS: 4-5%
COHUMULONE: 21-24%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to good
OIL: 0.5-0.8 ml/100 g
MAJOR TRAITS: Pleasant "noble" aroma suited for production of super premium beers.
OTHER INFORMATION: Major export hop for Czechoslovakia; well regarded on world hop markets and traded at very high prices, probably related to availability. Imported to the United States for production of super premium beers; probably identical to USDA 21525 and other Saazer clones that are grown commercially in Czechoslovakia, such as Aromat, Sirem, Lucan, Blato, Zlatan, and others. A heat-treated clone (USDA 21538) is grown commercially in northern Idaho.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21533
SELECTION: Clonal selection No. 118 from the variety Zatecky krajovy
made at the Hop Research Institute Zatec in Czechoslovakia in 1976
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Zlatan (probably closely related to Saazer, USDA 21077)
PEDIGREE: Unknown, probably closely related to Saazer
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Hop Research Institute Zatec, Czechoslovakia
DATE RECEIVED: November 23, 1988
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAI W ILITY: No restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1988, p. 33.
Rybacek, Vaclav. Hop Production (Developments in Crop
Science 16). Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, New York. 1991. pp.
77-78.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately susceptible
Verticillium wilt: unknown
Viruses: infected with all 5 major hop viruses
VIGOR: Poor; plants normally do not reach the top wire (18 ft.)
YIELD: Very poor (about 200 lbs/acre in Oregon nursery plots;
higher in Czechoslovakia where it is better adapted)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 6-10 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5.2%
BETA ACIDS: 4.3%
COHUMULONE: 21%; colupulone 39%
STORAGE STABILITY: Unknown, probably similar to Saazer (USDA 21077)
OIL: Unknown, probably similar to Saazer
MAJOR TRAITS: Pleasant noble aroma, suitable for production of super-premium beers; mild
bitterness
OTHER INFORMATION: Grown commercially only in Czechoslovakia since the mid
1970's. Phenotype very similar to Saazer; best suited
for medium heavy to heavy soils with ample moisture
supply. Like all Saazer types it has reddish stems.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21534
SELECTION: Colchicine treatment of Saazer (USDA 21077) to double the chromosome
number
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Tetraploid Saazer
PEDIGREE: Unknown, identical to Saazer (USDA 21077)
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East
Greenhouses (genotype could not be maintained in the field).
ORIGIN: Institute for Hop Research, Wye College, England, Dr. Peter Darby, hop
breeder
DATE RECEIVED: December 8, 1988
METHOD RECEIVED: Rooted baby crowns from softwood cuttings
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report for Hop Investigations for 1988, pp. 34, 36.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: unknown, probably moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown
Viruses: free of all hop viruses following heat treatment and meristem tip
culture at Wye
College, England
VIGOR: Very poor, could not be maintained in a field location
YIELD: Very poor
SIDEARM LENGTH: 6-16 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 2.4% (see 1989 USDA Report, p. 89)
BETA ACIDS: 3.6%
COHUMULONE: 19%
STORAGE STABILITY: Unknown, probably very similar to Saazer (USDA 21077)
OIL: Unknown, probably identical to Saazer
MAJOR TRAITS: Tetraploid, useful for developing triploid Saazer-type hops; reddish stems.
OTHER INFORMATION: Used for crosses between selected males in 1990, made at
Corvallis, Oregon. About 200 seedlings from four
different crosses yielded a number of genotypes that were
very similar to Saazer in appearance and chemistry but
had higher yield potential. They are now grown in the
1991 nursery at the OSU East Farm.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21535
SELECTION: Selected from meristem tip culture/heat treated USDA 21525 at Prosser, WA
in 1989
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Osvald Saazer clone 72Y, probably identical to the
original Saazer (USDA 21077) except for freedom from viruses
PEDIGREE: Unknown, probably Czechoslovakian landrace grown in that
country since the Middle Ages
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Prosser, Washington (via Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia,
hop variety collection at the Hop Research Institute Zalec, Slovenia)
DATE RECEIVED: Summer 1989
METHOD RECEIVED: Rooted softwood cuttings
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report and Data Summary for Hop Investigations 1989, p. 34.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: tolerant to moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably tolerant
Viruses: free of Prunus Necrotic Ringspot, Apple Mosaic, Hop Mosaic, Hop
Latent
Virus, and American Hop Latent Virus
VIGOR: Poor to good depending on location
YIELD: Good to poor (probably largely dependent on location and summer daylength)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 8 to 20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 3-5%
BETA ACIDS: 4-5%
COHUMULONE: 21-24%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair
OIL: Unknown, probably below 1 ml/100 g
MAJOR TRAITS: Pleasant "noble" aroma suitable for production of super premium beers, mild bitterness, particularly suited for production of Pilsner-type beer
OTHER INFORMATION: Very poor clustering, usually only two cones per side arm node. Identical to USDA 21525, except for freedom from viruses; commercial planting established at the Anheuser Busch BARI Hop Farms, Bonner's Ferry, Idaho in 1990 adjacent to the Canadian border where summer day length is 1-2 hours longer than in the Yakima Valley or in the Willamette Valley. Commercial yields at that location reportedly exceed 1000 lbs/acre. Not grown commercially anywhere else in the United States. Closely related (perhaps identical) to USDA 21077.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21538
SELECTION: Obtained through heat treatment/meristem tip culture of
USDA 21532 by Dr. C.B. Skotland at Prosser, Washington, in 1989
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Saazer Osvald clone 72C, probably identical to USDA 21077
except for freedom from viruses
PEDIGREE: Unknown, probably Czechoslovakian landrace grown in that
country since the Middle Ages
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Prosser, Washington (via Czechoslovakia)
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1989
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report and Data Summary for Hop Research 1989, Table 3, p.
34.
Rybacek, Vaclav. Hop Production. Developments in Crop
Science 16. Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam/New York/Tokyo.
1991. p. 77.
Neve, R.A. Hops. Chapman and Hall Publishing Co. London, New York.
1991. p. 201.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Medium green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: tolerant to moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably tolerant
Viruses: free of Prunus Necrotic Ringspot Virus,
Apple Mosaic, Hop Mosaic, Hop Latent, and American Hop Latent
VIGOR: Fair to poor, especially in early spring when sleepers
(lack of regrowth) are common; better vigor in areas with
longer day length (e.g. northern Idaho)
YIELD: Poor to good depending on summer day length and location
SIDEARM LENGTH: 6-20 inches depending on location
ALPHA ACIDS: 4-5%
BETA ACIDS: 3-6%
COHUMULONE: 21-24%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to good
OIL: 0.6-0.8 ml/100 g
MAJOR TRAITS: Pleasant "noble" aroma suitable for production of super premium beers
OTHER INFORMATION: Major export hop for Czechoslovakia; well regarded on world hop markets and traded at very high prices, probably related to availability. Imported to the United States for production of super premium beers; probably identical to USDA 21525 and other Saazer clones that are grown commercially in Czechoslovakia, such as Aromat, Sirem, Lucan, Blato, Zlatan, and others. Grown commercially in northern Idaho near Bonner's Ferry adjacent to the Canadian border where summer day length is 1-2 hrs longer than in the Yakima Valley or the Willamette Valley. Commercial yields in northern Idaho reportedly exceeded 1000 lbs/acre in 1991.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21609
SELECTION: no information
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Pacific Gem
PEDIGREE: tetraploid SmoothCone x OP
Tetraploid USDA 66056 x open pollinated
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: DSRI Hop Research Center, Riwaka, Motueka,
New Zealand
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1990
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: Annual Reports of New Zealand Hop Research for 1987/88
and later reports. (author: Dr. Ron Beatson, Hop Breeder)
USDA/ARS Annual Reports on Hop Research starting page
95 and later reports.
MATURITY: late
LEAF COLOR: dark greeen
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: very sisceptible
Verticillium wilt: moderately resistant
Viruses: free of major hop viruses at time of introduction
VIGOR: very good, excellent climber
YIELD: very good, usually over 2,000 lbs/acre when downy mildew
is not a factor
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 30 - 40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 11.5 to 13.7% in Corvallis plots; about 15% in New
Zealand
BETA ACIDS: 5 - 7 %
COHUMULONE: 30 to 45 %
STORAGE STABILITY: very good, about 78% of original alpha remaining after
6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.77 ml/100g. Myrcene 60%; Humulene 15%,
Caryophyllene 6%; farnesene trace. H/C ratio = 2.61
MAJOR TRAITS: high yield potential, high alpha acids potential
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is a triploid, 2n = 30. It matures too late for US co conditions but does very well in New Zealand. It is extremely susceptible to downy mildew.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21610
SELECTION: no specific information available
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: New Zealand Hallertauer
PEDIGREE: 21397 x OP
tetraploid Hallertauer x open pollinated
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU Hop Research Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: New Zeland Hop Research Center, Riwaka, Motueka, NZ
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1990
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Beatson, Ron. Various New Zeland Hop Research Reports
starting about 1985.
Beatson R.A. 1993. Breeding and development of hop
Cultivars in New Zealand. Proc. Sci. Com. Int'l. Hop Prod.
Bureau, Wye College, England. July 1993; pp. 12-18.
MATURITY: late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: susceptible
Verticillium wilt: no information
Viruses: free of major hop viruses when received.
VIGOR: very good
YIELD: very good
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 30 to 48 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 7.4%
BETA ACIDS: 5.2%
COHUMULONE: 41%
STORAGE STABILITY: very good, retained 78% of its original alpha acids after
6 months at room temperature storage.
OIL: 1.77 ml/100 g. Humulene 9.6 %; caryophyllene 4.7 %;
Myrcene 58.5%; farnesene 4.2%; H/C ratio = 2.03
MAJOR TRAITS: high yield potential
OTHER INFORMATION: This is not a Hallertauer-type hop, oil and alpha are too high,
the alpha/beta ratio is too high, cohumulone is similar to
Cluster-type hops, and the H/C ratio is much too low. This
Hop also contains farnesene, while true Hallertauer has none.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21611
SELECTION: seedling selection made by Dr. Dragica Kralj at the
Hop Research Institute Zalec, Slovenia
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Celeia
PEDIGREE: tetraploid Savinja Golding x diploid Yugoslav male 105/58
Tetraploid USDA 21049 x diploid Yugoslav male 105/58
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU Hop Research Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: Hop Research Institute Zalec, Slovenia (Yugoslavia)
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1990
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Various USDA Annual Reports for Hop Research starting
In 1990.
Kralj, Dragica. March 1990. New Hop Varieties:
Cerera, Celeia, Cekin, and Cicero. Chmeljar. March 1990.
MATURITY: medium early
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: no information
Viruses: no information
VIGOR: good to very good
YIELD: good to very good
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5 to 6
BETA ACIDS: 3 to 4
COHUMULONE: 25
STORAGE STABILITY: fair, retained 56% of original alpha acids after 6 months
Room temperature storage
OIL: 1.31 ml/100 g. Humulene 17.6%; caryophyllene 7.2%;
Myrcene 49.5%; farnesene 5.6%. H/C ratio = 2.47
MAJOR TRAITS: triploid, 2n = 30; high yield potential, pleasant aroma, quality similar to Saazer aroma hop; high in tannoids.
OTHER INFORMATION: not grown in large acreage because of lack of brewer acceptance.
This hop is a sister selection of USDA 21612, Cerera.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21612
SELECTION: seedling selection made by Dr. Dragica Kralj in the 1980s
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Cerera
PEDIGREE: tetraploid Savinja Golding x Yugoslav male 105/58
Tetraploid USDA 21049 x Yugoslav male 105/58
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU Experimental Hop Farm, East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: seedling selection
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1990
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Various USDA Annual Reports for Hop Research starting
in 1990.
Kralj, Dragica. 1990. New Hop Varieties: Cerera, Celeia, Cekin and Cicero. Chmeljar, March 1990.
MATURITY: medium late to late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: no information
Viruses: no information
VIGOR: good to very good
YIELD: good
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5 to 6
BETA ACIDS: 4 to 4
COHUMULONE: 25
STORAGE STABILITY: fair to poor; retained 49% of original alpha acids after
6 monrths room temperature storage
OIL: 1.54 ml/100 g. Humulene 13.2%; caryophyllene 5.9%
Myrcene 58.3%; farnesene 3.1%. H/C ratio = 2.24
MAJOR TRAITS: triploid 2n = 30; pleasant continental aroma similar to
Saazer hop; high in tannoids.
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is a sister selection of Celeia, USDA 21611

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21613
SELECTION: seedling selection from a cross made by Dr. Dragica Kralj
Hop Research Institute Zalec in the 1980s
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Cekin
PEDIGREE: Aurora x tetraploid Yugoslav male 3/3
USDA 21053 x tetraploid USDA 21087M
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU Experimental Hop Farm, East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: seedling selection
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1990
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Various USDA Annual Reports for Hop Research starting
In 1990.
Kralj, Dragica. 1990. New Hop Varieties: Cerera, Celeia,
Cekin, and Cicero. Chmeljar, March 1990.
MATURITY: medium late to late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: no information
Viruses: no information
VIGOR: good in Slovenia, only fair in Corvallis test plots
YIELD: good in Slovenia, poor in Corvallis test plots
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 6 to 8%
BETA ACIDS: 2 to 3%
COHUMULONE: 24%
STORAGE STABILITY: very good, retained 79% of original alpha acids
after 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.07 ml/100 g. Humulene 16.5%; caryophyllene 6.2%;
Myrcene 47.9%; farnesene 7.1%. H/C ratio = 2.62
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant continental aroma similar to Styrian (USDA 21049)
hop;
OTHER INFORMATION: triploid 2n = 30; this hop is a sister to USDA 21614, Cicero It is only grown in limited quantities because of lack of brewer acceptance.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21614
SELECTION: seedling selection from a cross made by Dr. Dragica Kralj,
Hop Research Institute Zalec, Slovenia in the 1980s
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Cicero
PEDIGREE: Aurora x tetraploidYugoslav male 3/3
USDA 21053 x tetraploid USDA 21087M
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU Experimental Hop Farm, East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: seedling selection made in Zalewc Slovenia (Yugoslavia) in
the 1980s
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1990
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Various USA Annual Reports of Hop Research starting in
1990.
Kralj, Dragica. 1990. New Hop Varieties: Cerera, Celeia, Cekin, and Cicero. Chmelja, March 1990.
MATURITY: late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: no information
Viruses: no information
VIGOR: good in Slovenia, but only fair in USDA test plots
YIELD: good in Slovenia, poor to fair in USDA test plots
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 10 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 6 to 7%
BETA ACIDS: 2.5%
COHUMULONE: 29
STORAGE STABILITY: very good, retained about 80% of original alpha acids
After 6 months room temperature storage.
OIL: 1.05 ml/100 g. Humulene 17.7%; caryophyllene 6.7%;
Myrcene 51.1%; farnesene3.0 %. H/C ratio = 2.59
MAJOR TRAITS: high yield potential in Slovenia; aroma similar to Styrian
(USDA 21049); triploid 2n = 30

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21650
SELECTION: Plants from clones of Fuggle H (USDA 48209) heat treated
and meristem tip cultured at Prosser, WA in 1991 by Dr. Robert Klein.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Fuggle H
PEDIGREE: Unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Derived from Fuggle (USDA 19209 and 48209)
DATE RECEIVED: August 12, 1991
METHOD RECEIVED: Potted plants from virusfree softwood cuttings, meristem
Nos. 432, 436, 438, 439, and 442, bulked
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: Identical to those of Fuggle H (USDA 48209)
USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Research for 1991. pp. 53, 56.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant
Verticillium wilt: moderately susceptible
Viruses: free of the five major hop viruses
VIGOR: Medium to good
YIELD: Unknown
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: Unknown, probably identical to Fuggle H
BETA ACIDS: Unknown, probably identical to Fuggle H
COHUMULONE: Unknown, probably identical to Fuggle H
STORAGE STABILITY: Unknown, probably identical to Fuggle H (USDA 48209, or Fuggle USDA
OIL: Unknown, probably identical to Fuggle H (USDA 48209)
MAJOR TRAITS: Early maturity, free of hop viruses, higher yield potential. Bronzing of lower
leaves due to an unknown physiological condition.
OTHER INFORMATION: Distributed to several Oregon growers through the Oregon
Hop Commission for root propagation and increase. A
trial plot will be established in Oregon in 1993 to
compare the yield potential of the virusfree strain with that of Fuggle H.
Anheuser Busch announced in late 1997 its intention to phase out Fuggle
usage.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21664
SELECTION: seedling selection Nr. 8802-68 from cross 8802 made at Corvallis, OR.in
1988
between the diploid Tettnanger (USDA 61021) and the tetraploid male
USDA 21618M.
GENUSS: humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Santiam
PEDIGREE: 61021 x 21618M
Swiss Tettnanger x Tetraploid Hallertauer m.f.-USDA 21381M
PRIMARY SITE: USDA ARS World Hop Collection, East Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: derived from a controlled cross madde at Corvallis, OR. In 1988.
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1988
METHOD RECEIVED: seedling selection
AVAILABILITY: no restriction, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: Annual Reports on Hop Research, USDA-ARS, starting in 1989
Annual Reports to the Hop Research Council starting in 1993.
MATURITY: medium
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: resistant
Verticillium Wilt: tolerant to moderately susceptible
Viruses: Free of all 5 major hop viruses at the time of its release (1997).
Powdery mildew: tolerant to resistant.
VIGOR: very good
YIELD: very good, 1,400 to 2,100 lbs/acre over a 4-year period
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 20 to 30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5 to 7 %
BETA ACIDS: 6 to 8 %
COHUMULONE: 22 to 24 %
STORAGE STABILITY fair to poor, similar to German Tettnanger
OIL: 1..3 to 1.5 ml/100 g 30- 50% myrcene, 18-28% humulene,
5-8% caryophyllene, 8-14% farnesene. H /C ratio = 3.2 to 3.6
MAJOR TRAITS: high yield potential; quality profile very similar to German Tettnanger
with slightly higher soft resin content
OTHR INFORMATION: Released by USDA-ARS for commercial production in the spring of 1997.
Accepted by a major brewer as partial replacement for imported
Tettnanger hops.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21667
SELECTION: Seedling selection made at Wye College, England
GENUS: Humuls
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Omega
PEDIGREE: Wye Challenger (USDA 21043) x English male
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: Wye College, England
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1992
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Annual Report for Hop Research, USDA/ARS,1992 and later years
Neve, R.A. and P. Darby. New Hop Varieties. Wye Colege Annual
Report for 1983 (published 1984)
MATURITY: medium
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderately resdistant
Powdery mildew: no information
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: free of all 5 hop viruses when received at Corvallis
VIGOR: fair to good
YIELD: fair to good at Corvallis test plots
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 24 inches, sometimes longer
ALPHA ACIDS: 9 - 10 %
BETA ACIDS: 3 - 4 %
COHUMULONE: 29%
STORAGE STABILITY: very good, retained 78% of its original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.72 ml/100g. Humulene 17%; caryophyllene 5 %; farnesene trace
myrcene 53%. H/C ratio = 3.38
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant European aroma characteristics, resistant to verticillium wilt
OTHER INFORMATION: The yield performance of this hop even in England has been disappointing and it is not grown much despite its good verticillium record. Thhis is oner of the last hops developed and released by Dr. R.A. Neve, former head of the Hop Section at Wye College, England.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21668
SELECTION: seedling of Bate's Brewer. No specific information exists about the latter
Except that it was grown about 1911 in Kent, England
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Whitbread's Golding
PEDIGREE: no specific information availble
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Resarch Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: no specific information available
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1992, from English Hop Products Ltd, Kent, England
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Burgess, 1964. Hops (a book) published by Interscience
Pubishers Inc. New York and London
Annual Report of Hop Research, USDA/ARS, 1992 and later years.
MATURITY: early to medium early
LEAF COLOR: light green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderately susceptible
Powdery mildew: no information
Verticillium wilt: tolerant, especially to progressive wilt in England
VIGOR: fair to good
YIELD: fair
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 6 - 7 %
BETA ACIDS: 3 %
COHUMULONE: 33 %
STORAGE STABILITY: good, retained 66 % of original alpha acids after 6 months
Room temperature storage.
OIL: 1.22 ml/ 100g. Humulene 25%; caryophyllene 9 %; farnesene trace
myrcene 48%. H/C ratio = 2.73
MAJOR TRAITS: Pleasant European aroma characteristics
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is similar to most other Golding type hops. It together with the other Goldings is used extensively in England.

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USDA ACCESSION No. : 21669
SELECTION: no specific information available
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Eastwell Golding
PEDIGREE: clonal selection made about 1889 in Kent, England
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU hop research farm, Corvlalis, OR
ORIGIN: England
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1992
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes, obtained from English Hop Products Ltd, Kent, England
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Burgess, 1964. Hops. Interscience Publishers, New York and London
USDA/ARS Annual Report on Hop Research 1992 and later years.
MATURITY: medioum late
LEAF COLOR: light green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderatly susceptible
Powdery mildew: no information
Verticillium wilt: tolerant
Viruses: no information
VIGOR: fair to good
YIELD: fair to poor
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 - 20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 6 %
BETA ACIDS: 3 %
COHUMULONE: 30%
STORAGE STABILITY: good, retained about 70% of its original alpha acids after
6 months storage at room temperature
OIL: 1.50 ml/ 100 g. Humulene 25%; caryophyllene 8 %; farnesene trace
Myrcene 50%; H/C ratio = 3.20
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant aroma characteristics similar to other Golding type hops
OTHER INFORMATION: Thhis hops is one of many Goldings and appears to be especially similar to the old Petham Golding. The Petham Golding in our USDA collection (USDA Acession Number 68052) according to Dr. R.A. Neve, however, is different from the Petham Golding he knew in England. (personal communication about mid 1970s).

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21670
SELECTION: no information, except that the male parent is 50% Hallertauer mf
(USDA 56001 or 21014)
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Hallertauer Magnum, also called Magnum
PEDIGREE: Galena (USDA 21182) x German male hop Nr. 75/5/3
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU hop yard, East Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: German Hop Research Institute Huell, Germany
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1992
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: Annual Report for USDA Hop Research 1992 and later years
German Society for Hop Research Annual reports starting about
1980s
MATURITY: medium to medium late
LEAF COLOR: medium dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: resistant to moderately resistant
Verticillium wild: resistant
Powdery mildew: susceptible
Viruses: free of all 5 major hop viruses at time of receipt
VIGOR: very good
YIELD: very good
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 20 to 40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 12 to 17%
BETA ACIDS: 5 to 6%
COHUMULONE: 26 to 28%
STORAGE STABILITY: good to very good, retained over 90% of original alpha acids
after 6 months storage at room temperature
OIL: 2.33 ml/100 g (4 year range: 1.2 to 3.7 ml/100 g)
Myrcene 60.5%; humulene 18.5%; caryophyllene 4.1%; farnesene trace
H/C ratio = 3.50
MAJOR TRAITS: very high alpha acids content; good storge stability, low cohumulone
Content, very good yield potential
OTHER INFORMATION: Very large cones that tend to break up and shatter during picking. Some tendency to form angel cones (small leaflets in the cone which drives up leaf and stem data. The hop is a diploid, 2n= 20
This hop is the major high-alpha hop in Germany and is rapidly becoming the most widely grown hop in that country.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21671
SELECTION: no information except that it was derived from Hallertauer mittelfrueh
(USDA Nr. 56001 or 21014)
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Hallertauer Gold
PEDIGREE: German Sel. Nr. 50/1/392 x German Sel. Nr. 61/28/6
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU Hop Research fArm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: German Institute for Hop Research, Huell, Germany
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1992
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: 1992 USDA Report for Hop Research, and subsequent years
Annual Report for Hop Research, German Institute for Hop Research
from mid 1980s on
MATURITY: medium early
LEAF COLOR: medium green to light green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: resistant
Powdery mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wild: susceptible
Viruses: free of all major hop viruses when received at Corvallis
VIGOR: fair to good
YIELD: fair to good, about 1200 to 1400 lbs/acre in Oregon test plots
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 24 inches, sometimes longer
ALPHA ACIDS: 7 - 10%
BETA ACIDS: 5 - 7%
COHUMULONE: 20%
STORAGE STABILITY: fair to poor, about 47% alpha remaining after 6 months room temp. storage
OIL: 1.78 ml/100 g (4 year range: 1.1 to 2.7 ml/100 g)
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant continental aroma similar to its parent Hallertauer mittelfrueh but higher alpha potential. Very low cohumulone content. Dipdloid: 2n=20
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is now marketed under the name "Hallertauer" together with Hallertauer mittelfrueh according to trade statistics published in the Hopfenrundschau about mid 1990s.
This hop was developed in the mid-1970s at about the same time as Perle (USDA 21227) but never officially released until the late 1980s.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21672
SELECTION: no information, except that it consists of 47% Hallertauer mittelfrueh,
15% Saazer, and 22% Saazer (rest unknown).
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Hallertauer Tradition
PEDIGREE: Hallertauer Gold (USDA 21671) x German male 75/15/106
This hop was released for commercial production in Germany in 1989
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU Hop Research Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: German Hop Research Institute, Huell, Germany
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1992
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: Annual Report for USDA Hop Research 1992 and later years
German Society for Hop Research Annual Reports starting about
mid 1980s
MATURITY: medium early
LEAF COLOR: medium green to light green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: resistant
Powdery minldew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: free of all 5 major hop viruses when received at Corvallis
VIGOR: fair to good
YIELD: fair to good, 4 yerar range 1000 to 1900 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 6 - 8%
BETA ACIDS: 4 - 5%
COHUMULONE: 23 - 28%
STORAGE STABILITY: fair, retained about 55% of original alpha acids after 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.49 ml/100g (4 year range: 0.9 to 1.9 ml/100g)
Myrcene 59.9%; humulene 18.3%; caryophyllene 5.3%; farnesene trace
H/C ratio = 3.45
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant continental aroma similar to Hallertauer mittelfrueh; very low
Cohumulone content
OTHER INFORMATION: diploid, 2n = 20; this hop is being imported in increasing quantities by
Anheuser Busch for use in premium beers.


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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21673
SELECTION: no specific information available
This hop is 42% Hallertauer mittelfrueh; 13% Saazer; 22% German wild hop; remainder unknown.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Hersbrucker Pure
PEDIGREE: German sel. 73/10/16 x German male sel. 78/18/145
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU Hop Research Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: German Institute for Hop Research, Huell, German
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1992
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: Annual USDA reports for hop research starting in 1992
German Society for Hop Research, Annual Reports starting mid 1980s
MATURITY: medium
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: resistant
Powdery mildew: moderately resdistant to moderately susceptible
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: free of all 5 major hop viruses when received at Corvallis
VIGOR: fair to good
YIELD: fair to poor
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5 - 6%
BETA ACIDS: 2 - 3%
COHUMULONE: 20 to 28%
STORAGE STABILITY: good, retained an average of 71% of original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 1 ml/100 grams ( 3 year range: 0.6 to 1.2 ml/100 g)
Myrcene 50.0%; humulene 10.2%; caryophyllene 4.4%;
Farnesene 0.2%. H/C ratio = 2.30
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant continental aroma
OTHER INFORMATION: this hop is a diploid, 2n = 20; it was originally tested as a replacement
for Hersbrucker. However, the major sponsor of the testing program (Anheuser Busch Inc.) lost interest in Hersbrucker and thus, this new selection never caught on.


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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21674
SELECTION: no information released
GENUS: humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Spalter Select
PEDIGREE: German Sel. 76/18/80 x German Sel. 71/16/07
PRIMARY SITE OSU/ USDA hop yard, East Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: German Institute for Hop Research, Huell, Germany
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1992
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA/ARS Annual Report for Hop Research 1992 and
following years.
MATURITY: medium to medium early
LEAF COLOR: medium green
SEX female
DISEASES: downy mildew: resistant
Powdery mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: Free of all major hop viruses when received
VIGOR: fair to good
YIELD: fair to good
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 4 to 6%
BETA ACIDS: 4 to 5 %
COHUMULONE: 22 to 24%
STORAGE STABILITY: fair to good
OIL: 0.8 to 1.3 ml/100 g
Myrcene 56%; humulene 7-10%; caryophyllene 3-4%
Farnesene 10 - 13% H/C ratio = 2.49
MAJOR TRAITS: very fine continental aroma similar to Spalter hop (USDA 21186)
OTHER INFORMATION: imported to the US by Anheuser Busch as replacement of Spalter and
Tettnanger hops.


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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21675
SELECTION: Seedling selection from a cross made on Perle (USDA 21227)
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Orion
PEDIGREE: Perle (USDA 21227) x German male Nr. 70/10/15
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: German Hop Research Institute, Huell, Germany
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1992
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Annual Report for Hop Reearch, USDA/ARS, 1992 and later years.
Annual Research Reports , German Institute for Hop Research
Huell, Germany starting about mid 1980s.
MATURITY: medium early to medium late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: resistant
Powdery mildew: no information
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: free of all major hop viruses when received at Corvallis
VIGOR: good
YIELD: fair to good
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 8 - 9 %
BETA ACIDS: 5 %
COHUMULONE: 25 - 29 %
STORAGE STABILITY: good, retained about 68% of its original alpha acids
following 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.80 ml/100 g. Humulene 23%; caryophyllene 9%; farnesene trace
Myrcene 50 %. H/C ratio = 2.46
MAJOR TRAITS: Higher alpha acids potential, pleasant aroma
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop variety has been a disappointment as a high-alpha hop. Its acreage in Germany is limited.


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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21676
SELECTION: seedling selection made at the Kirin Brewery Hop Research Farm, Japan
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Toyomidori
PEDIGREE: Northern Brewer (USDA 64107) x USDA 64103M
Note: The male parent is an open pollinated Wild American hop
Developed as "OB79" at Wye College, England
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: Kirin Brewery Ltd. Research Farm, Iwate, Japan
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1992
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Annual Reports for Hops Research, USDA/ARS, 1992 and later years
Sho Hiriuchi and Atsushi Murakami. New Japanese hop varieties with
high alpha acid content. J. Amer. Society of Brewing Chemists 50:
10-13. 1992.
MATURITY: medium to medium late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderately susceptible
Powdery mildew: no information
Verticillium wilt: tolerant
Viruses: no information
VIGOR: good
YIELD: very good to poor, quite variable
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24-36 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 11 - 13 %
BETA ACIDS: 5 - 6 %
COHUMULONE: 40%
STORAGE STABILITY: fair to good, retained an average of 63% after 6 months room
temperature storage
OIL: 1.06 ml/100 g. Humulene 9 - 12%; caryophyllene 4-5%;
farnesene trace; myrcene 59%; H/C ratio = 2.07
MAJOR TRAITS: high yield potential, high alpha acids potential
OTHER INFORMATION: In Oregon test plots the alpha acids content was not as high as expected.
This hop has largely been discontinued from commercial production in Japan due to some downy mildew problems.


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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21677
SELECTION: Seedling selection made at the Kirin Brewery Hop Research Farm, Japan
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Kitamidori
PEDIGREE: Seedling C79-27-01 x Seedling C79-64-110
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: Kirirn Brewery Ltd. Hop Research Center, Iwate, Japan
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1992
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Annual Reports for Hop Research, USDA/ARS, 1992 and later years
Sho Hiruichi and Atsushi Murakami. New Japanese hop varieties with
High alpha acid content. J. Amer. Soc. of Brew. Chemists 50: 10 - 13. 1992
MATURITY: medium late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderately susceptible
Powdery mildew: no information
Verticillium wilt: no information
Viruses: no information
VIGOR: good to very good
YIELD: good but variable from year to year
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 20 to 40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 9 - 12 %
BETA ACIDS: 5 - 6 %
COHUMULONE: 22%
STORAGE STABILITY: very good, retained an average of 75% of its original alpha acids
after 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.35 ml/100 g. Humulene 31%; caryophyllene 8 - 10%
Farnesene 6 - 7%; myrcene 34%; H/C ratio = 3.51
MAJOR TRAITS: high humulene content, good aroma potential
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is not grown commercially in Japan or anywhere else.
The data presented in the above cited publication are from 4 hill plots or even from single hills. The legend to Table V in this publication is an error, it should refer to Eastern Gold (USDA 21678) , another high-alpha variety presented in this publication.


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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21678
SELECTION: Seedling selection made at the Kirin Brewery Ltd. Hop Research
Farm, Iwate, Japan
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Eastern Gold
PEDIGREE: Seedling C76/64/17 x USDA 64103M
Note: The male parent is an open pollinated seedling from a
Wild American hop developed at Wye College, England
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: Kirin Hop Research Center, Iwate, Japan
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1992
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Annual Report for Hop Research, USDA/ARS 1992 and later years
Shoo Horiuchi and Atsushi Murakami. New Japanese hop varieties
with high alpha acid content. J. Amer. Sopc. Brew. Chem. 50: 10 - 13. 1992
MATURITY: late to medium late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderately resistant
Powdery mildew: no information
Verticillum wilt: no information
Viruses: no information
VIGOR: very good
YIELD: good to very good
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 20 to 40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 11 - 14 %
BETA ACIDS: 5 - 6 %
COHUMULONE: 27%
STORAGE STABILITY: very good, retained 81% of its original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.43 ml/100 g. Humulene 19%; caryophyllene 7- 8 %; farnesene 3%;
Myrcene 42%. H/C ratio = 22.48
MAJOR TRAITS: High yield potential high alpha acids potential; good storage stability
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is not grown commercially according to recent information. The legend to Table V in the above named publication is in error, it should refer to "Eastern Gold"her than Kitamidori as printed.


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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21679
SELECTION: no information
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Canadian RedVine
PEDIGREE: no information
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: Bob Bero, Canfield, Ohio
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1993
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report for Hop Research 1993 and later years
MATURITY: late
LEAF COLOR: medium dark green to lighter green depending on location
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderately resistant
Powdery mildew: no information
Verticillium wilt: no information
Viruses: no information
VIGOR: very good
YIELD: excellent, over 2000 lbs/ acre, heavy clustering and cone set
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 30 - 50 inches, sometimes even longer
ALPHA ACIDS: 5%
BETA ACIDS: 5 - 6 %
COHUMULONE: 47 %
STORAGE STABILITY: very good, retained over 80% of its original alpha acids
after 6 months storage at room temperature
OIL: 11.20 ml/ 100 g. Humulene 2%; caryophyllene 2%; farnesene 4 - 7%;
myrcene 70%. H/C ratio = 0.90
MAJOR TRAITS: exceptionally vigorous, very low alpha, high cohumulone, little humulene
OTHER INFORMATION: In older Cluster yards in the Grants Pass (OR) area and also in some Yakima yards, Canadian RedVine was mixed in with Clusters. Canadian RedVine probably originated in Canda (hence the name) and due to its extreme vigor and rhizome production it spread rapidly. Farm workers were given orders to collect roots from an existing Cluster field in preparation for new Cluster plantings and when they found a huge crown (probably RedVine) that yielded several hundred roots (rhizomes) they could easily fill their bucket from one crown which, sadly, was not Cluster.


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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21680
SELECTION: no information
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: East Kent Golding, also called Kent Golding
PEDIGREE: no information
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: J.I. Haas Inc. (Mr. Gene Probasco) , Yakima WA
Rhizomes obtained from the J.I. Haas hop farms near Chilliwack, BC, Canada
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1993
METHOD RECEIVED: potted soft wood cuttings
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report for Hop Research, 1993 and later years
Burgess, 1964. Hops.. Interscience Publishers, New York/ London
MATURITY: early
LEAF COLOR: light green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderately resistant
Powdery mildew: moderately resdistant
Verticillium wilt: tolerant
Viruses: Free of all major hop viruses when received at Corvallis
VIGOR: good
YIELD: good, 7 bales/ acre or higher
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 20 - 40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5 - 6 %
BETA ACIDS: 2 - 3 %
COHUMULONE: 29
STORAGE STABILITY: very good, retained about 78% of its original alpha acids
After 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.85 ml/100 g. Humulene 27%; caryophyllene 9 %; farnesene trace
Myrcene 42 %. H/C ratio = 3.05
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant continental aroma properties; highly regarded in England
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is sometimes also called Canterbury Golding, named after the town in the Kent region of England. Some people in the hop trade think that Canterbury Golding is different from Kent Golding, but chemically and in brewing, they are identical. This hop has grown well in Oregon since its introduction in 1994, producing yields substantially higher than those found in England. Microbrewers and Craft brewers in the US are the major customers of Kent Golding.


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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21681
SELECTION: no information
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Canterbury Golding
PEDIGREE: no information
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, Corvallis, OR. 97330
ORIGIN: all information about this hop is identical to that listed for
USDA 21680, East Kent Golding.
DATE RECEIVED:
METHOD RECEIVED:
AVAILBILITY:
REFERENCES:
MATURITY:
LEAF COLOR:
SEX:
DISEASES:
VIGOR:
YIELD:
SIDE ARM LENGTH:
ALPHA ACIDS:
BETA ACIDS:
COHUMULONE:
STORAGE STABILITY:
OIL:
MAJOR TRAITS:
OTHER INFORMATION: Although some people in the trade insist that East Kent Golding (sometimes also called Kent Golding) is different from Canterbury Golding, there is no evidence that this is so. Apparently two different names were used interchangeably over the years, but the two hops, Kent Golding and Canterbury Golding are identical.


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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21682
SELECTION: No information
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Wuerttemberger
PEDIGREE: no information
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN Hop Unioin USA, Yakima WA (Dr. Greg Lewis) who had obtained it from Germany
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1993
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Annual Repoprt of Hop Research, USDA/ARS 1993 and later years
MATURITY: medium early
LEAF COLOR: light green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderately resdistant
Powdery mildew: No information
Verticillium wilt. Tolerant
Viruses: No information
VIGOR: fair to good
YIELD: poor
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5 %
BETA ACIDS: 4 %
COHUMULONE: 28 %
STORAGE STABILITY: good, retained about 72% of its original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.25 ml/ 100 g. Humulene18%; caryophyllene 6%; farnesene 4%
Myrcene 59%. H/C ratio = 3.00
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant continental aroma characteristics
OTHER INFORMATION: This is an old German hop which no longer is grown commercially. It may be related to Tettnanger of Saazer.


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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21689
SELECTION: seedling selection Nr. 9043-52
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupuls
CULTIVAR: Sterling
PEDIGREE: USDA 21522 x USDA 21361M
Saazer 38 x [Cas x (65009 - 64035M)]
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU hop farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: seedling selection from cross 9043 made by Dr. Al Haunold in 1990
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1991
METHOD RECEIVED: seedling selection
AVAILBILITY: no restricions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: various USDA/ARS annual reports starting in 1990
Various Annual Reports to the Hop Research Council starting in 1993
USDA/ARS: Notice of release of Santiam, a new aroma hop. Summer 1999
MATURITY: medium to medium early
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately resistant
VIGOR: powdery mildew: moderately resdistant
Verticillum wilt: no information; no symptoms observed in OR test plots
Viruses: free of all major hop viruses at the time of release
YIELD: very good, 1,800 to 2,000 lbs/acre in Oregon test plots
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24 to 36 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 6 to 9%
BETA ACIDS: 4 to 6%
COHUMULONE: 24%
STORAGE STABILITY: fair to good
OIL: 1.3 to 1.9 ml/100 g
Humulene 19 - 23; caryophyllene 5 - 7; farnesene 11-17; myrcene 46; no selenine ; H/C ratio = 3.3
MAJOR TRAITS: diploid, 2n = 20; aroma and oil compositoin very similar to Saazer (USDA 21077) and other Saazer clones. Pleasant continental aroma;
suitable for replacing Saazer hops in brewery blends. Much higher
yield potential than Saazer hops.
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop has only been tested commercially in Oregon. The initial release by USDA is based on Oregon test results. Testing in Washington state is under way.


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USDA Accession NO.: 21697
SELECTION: Seedling selection Nr. 9045-20 from cross Nr. 45 made at Corvallis,
OR in 1990
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Sunbeam
PEDIGREE: USDA 21522 x OP
Saazer 38 x open pollinated
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-OSU Hop experimental farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: open pollinated seed collected by Dr. Al Haunold in 1990
DATE RECEIVED: summer 1990, selected as a seedling in 1992
METHOD RECEIVED: seedling selection
AVAILABILITY: no restrictions, publicly released variety
REFERENCES: A. Haunold, G.B. Nickerson, U. Gampert, and D.S. Kling. 1995
Registration of 'Sunbeam' ornamental hop. Crop Science 35: 1708,1995
USDA-ARS: Notice of release of two ornamental hops, Sunbeam and
Bianca. Washington DC. Dec. 5, 1995 (signed by C.E. Finney,
Administrator
MATURITY: medium early
LEAF COLOR: lemon yellow
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: moderately resistant
Viruses: free of all major hop viruses at the time of release
VIGOR: very good
YIELD: good
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 4 to 5%
BETA ACIDS: 2.5%
COHUMULONE: 36%
STORAGE STABILITY: fair, similar to its female parent Saazer
OIL: 0.8 to 1.3 ml/100 g. Humulene 14%; caryophyllene 4%; farnesene 6%
Myrcene 56%; H/C ratio = 3.12. The oil is moderately high in humulene and farnesene.
MAJOR TRAITS: attractive lemon-yellow leaf color during the whole season., reddish brown stem color which contrasts nicely with the yellow leaves.
OTHER INFORMATION: This is an ornamental diploid hop which is not intended for commercial
production. However, the cones could be suitable for flavoring beer and
ales especially of a Saazer-type aroma profile is desired. The reduced
chlorophyll content makes Sunbeam sensitive to direct sunlight in
midsummer, causing shriveling and browning of the leaves. Therefore,
this variety is best grown in semi-shaded areas to maintain attractive foliage
during the growing season.
REFERENCES: A. Haunold, G.B. Nickerson, D.S. Kling, and U. Gampert. 1995.
Crop Science 35: 1708 - 1709. 1995.
USDA-ARS. Notice of release of two ornamental hops, Sunbeam and
Bianca. Washington DC, Dec. 5, 1994. (signed by C.E. Finney,
Adminstrator).
MATURITY: early to medium early
LEAF COLOR: lemon yellow
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: moderately resistant
Viruses: free of all major hop viruses at the time of its release
VIGOR: good to very good
YIELD: good to very good
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 20 to 30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 7 to 8%
BETA ACIDS: 3.4%
COHUMULONE: 20 to 28 %
STORAGE STABILITY: fair, similar to its female parent Saazer
OIL: 0.6 to 1.0 ml/100 g. Humulene 25%; caryophyllene 8%; farnesene 13%
Myrcene 30%. H/C ratio = 2.84, sometimes higher. The oil is relatively high in humulene and farnesene.
MAJOR TRAITS: lemon-yellow attractive leaf color during the whole season; reddish-brown
and sometimes even pink stem color which contrasts nicely to the yellow
leaves.
OTHER INFORMATION: This is an ornamental diploid hop, 2n= 20, which is not intended for
commercial production. However, the cones could be suitable for
flavoring beers and ales to impart a Saazer-type aroma profile. The
reduced chlorophyll content makes the leaves of Bianca susceptible to
leaf burn when plants are exposed to intense sunlight on hot summer days.
Therefore, this variety is best grown in semishadded locations to maintain
its attractive leaf color during the entire growing season.
Bianca is a half-sister of Sunbeam, USDA 21697.


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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21699
SELECTION: seedling selection made at Parma ID by Dr. Bob Romanko
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: virus free Galena
PEDIGREE: identical to Galena, USDA 21182
PRIMARY SITE USDA/ARS Hop Research Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: originally Parma, ID, but heat treated and meristem tip cultures at Prosser, WA by Dr. Robert Klein, plant pathologist.
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1994
METHOD RECEIVED: rooted soft wood cuttings
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Annual Report for Hop Research USDA,ARS for 1994 and later years.
MATURITY: all other information about this hop is identical to USDA 21182, the original Galena
LEAF COLOR:
SEX:
DISEASES:
VIGOR:
YIELD:
SIDE ARM LENGTH:
ALPHA ACIDS:
BETA ACIDS:
COHUMULONE:
STORAGE STABILITY:
OIL:
MAJOR TRAITS:
OTHER INFORMATION: The virus free clone may have somewhat higher alpha acids and yield potential than the original Galena, USDA 21182.


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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21700
SELECTION: seedling selection C-827 made in Japan by Dr. Atsushi Murakami about mid 1980s
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Eastern Green
PEDIGREE: Toyomidori (USDA 21676) x OP (open pollinated)
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: Kirin Brewery Co. Ltd. Hop Research Center, Iwate, Japan
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1994
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA ARS Annual Report for Hop Research 1994 and later years
MATURITY: medium to late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: No information
VIGOR: very good
YIELD: reported to be very good in Japan
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 20 - 30 inches, sometimes longer
ALPHA ACIDS: medium, no specific information available
BETA ACIDS: no information
COHUMULONE: non information
STORAGE STABILITY: no information
OIL: no information
MAJOR TRAITS: high yield, pleasant continental aroma characteristics.
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop was released as a high yielding medium alpha aroma hop. No information is available whether it has entered commercial channels. Decisions for release were made apparantly from small plot data ( 4- 6 hills).


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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21701
SELECTION: seedling selection made in Japan
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Furano Ace
PEDIGREE: (Brewer's Gold - Beikei No. 2) x Saazer - OP
PRIMARY SITE USDA/ARS Hop Research Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: Sapporo Brewery Co. Ltd. Tokyo, Japan (Mr. Hiro Hasebe)
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1994
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA ARS Annual Report of Hop research 1994 and later years.
Mori, Yoshitada, 1988. Development of new hop varieites (Furano Ace and Sorachi Ace) of aroma - type in Japan. Sapporo Brewers Ltd. March 1988.
MATURITY: medium late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: resistant (also resistant to botrytis)
Powdery mildew: no information
Verticillium wilt; no information
Viruses: no information
VIGOR: very good
YIELD: variable, reportedly very good in Japan ( 6 - 7 bales/acre)
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 - 36 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 7 - 8 %
BETA ACIDS: 5 - 8 %
COHUMULONE: 21 %
STORAGE STABILITY: good, retained about 70% of its original alpha acids
after 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.53 ml/100 g. Humulene 19%; caryophyllene 7%; farnesene 12%
Myrcene 50%; H/C ratio = 2.60
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant European aroma characteristics
OTHER INFORMATION: Initially this hop showed great promise. It was grown on relatively large acreage on a Sapporo Company Hop Farm in China. Latest information however indicates that it is not grown anymore commercially.


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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21702
SELECTION: seedling selection made in Japan
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Sorachi Ace
PEDIGREE: (Brewer's Gold x Saazer -OP) x Beikei No. 2 male
Note: The female parent is the Japanese seedling 70K-SH6 (USDA 21233) which was develioped by Dr. Mori sor Sapporo Breweries Co. Ltd.
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, Corvallis, OR. 97330
ORIGIN: Sapporo Breweries Ltd., Tokyo 150 , Japan
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1994
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA/ARS Annual Report for Hop Research 1994, and later years
Mori, Yoshitada, 1988. Development of new hop varieties (Furano Ace and Sorachi Ace) of aroma- type in Japan. Sapporo Breweries Co. Ltd. , March 1988.
MATURITY: midseason
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: resistant (also resistant to botrytis)
Powdery mildew: no information
Verticillium wilt: no information
Virsues: No information
VIGOR: good
YIELD: fair to good, reportedly very good in Japan ( 8 - 10 bales/acre)
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 - 36 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: very high, reportedly up to 16% in Japan, but significantly lower in USDA test plots.
BETA ACIDS: non information
COHUMULONE: 23%
STORAGE STABILITY: no information
OIL: no information
MAJOR TRAITS: high yield potential; pleasant European aroma characteristics; high alpha acids potential
OTHER INFORMATION: Reportedly grown for several years at a Sapporo Breweries Hop Farm in China and exported to Japan and other countries. According to recent reports this hop is no longer grown commercially.


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USDA ACCESSION No.: 21703
SELECTION: seedling selection Nr. 77-60 made by Dr. Ron Beatson hop breeder, New Zealand
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Southern Cross
PEDIGREE: Tetraploid SmoothCone (USDA 66056) x dipl. N.Z. male Nr. 53-5-61
PRIMARY SITE USDA/ARS Hop Research Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: Riwaka Research Station, RD 3, Motueka, New Zealand
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1994
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Annual Report for Hop Research USDA/ARS, 1994 and later Years
Beatson, R.A. Annual Reports on Hop Research, New Zealand, starting about late 1980s
MATURITY: late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: no information available
VIGOR: very good
YIELD: reportedly very high in New Zealand, 10 - 11 bales/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 20 - 40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 13 - 14 % in New Zealand
BETA ACIDS: 6 - 7 % in New Zealand
COHUMULONE: 28%
STORAGE STABILITY: very good to excellent
OIL: Humulene 14%; caryophyllene 4%; farnesene 5%; myrcene 58%
MAJOR TRAITS: excellent yield and alpha acids potential
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is a triploid, 2 n = 30 and naturally seedless.


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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 48209
SELECTION: Selected at Corvallis, OR. In 1961 from high-yielding clones of
Fuggle, USDA Accession No. 19209
GENUS: humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Fuggle H
PEDIGREE: unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Variety Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Seedling found near Horsmonden, Kent, England, about 1861
Introduced by Richard Fuggle of Brenchley in 1875.
Fuggle H was developed through mass selectin from the original
Fuggle (USA 19209) at Corvallis, OR. And released in 1972.
DATE RECEIVED: Selected in 1961
METHOD RECEIVED: mass selection
AVAILABILITY: NO RESTRICTIONS, COMMERCIAL CULTIVAR.
REFERENCES: Horner, C.E., S.N. Brooks, and S.T. Likens. Registration of Fuggle H
Hop. Crop Science 12: 1714. 1972.
Burgess, A.H. Hops, page 40. Interscience Publishers, New York. 1964.
Romanko, R.R. In: Steiner's Guide to American Hops. S.S. Steiner Inc.,
New York, N.Y. 1973., 2nd edition published in 1986.
MATURITY: early
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: resistant
Verticillium wilt: moderately susceptible
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: low to medium
YIELD: low, 1,000 to 1,400 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: short (12 to 24 inches)
ALPHA ACIDS: 2.8 (10 year range: 4.1 to 7.7%)
BETA ACIDS: 2.8 (10 year range: 2.1 to 3.9 %)
COHUMULONE: 26
STORAGE STABILITY: good
OIL: 0.9 ml/100 g (10 year range: 0.41 to 1.89)
MAJOR TRAITS: resistant to downy mildew; pleasant aroma properties.
OTHER INFORMATION: Used as aroma hop by major breweries. Closely related to Styrian (Savinski
Golding). Fuggle acreage has declined in recent years because of low yields.
In 1997, only 423 acres of Fuggle were grown (all in Oregon) which
Produced a total of 391,300 lbs of hops, or 925 lbs/acre.


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USDA ACCESSION No.: 56001
SELECTION: no information
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Hallertauer, Hallertauer mittelfrueh (medium early)
PEDIGREE: no information , probably arose from an old German
landrace
PRIMARY SITE USDA-OSU Hop Research Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: J.I. Haas Alluvial Hop Farm , Independence, OR
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1956
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Various USDA Annual Reports for Hop Research starting in
1956.
Wagner, T. 1980. Gene Pools of Hop Countries, page 68.
MATURITY: early in the US, medium early in Germany
LEAF COLOR: light green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately susceptible to tolerant
Powdery mildew: susceptible
Verticillium wilt: susceptible
Viruses: no specific information available
VIGOR: poor to good, depending on location
YIELD: poor
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 20 inches, poor clustering
ALPHA ACIDS: 4.4%
BETA ACIDS: 4.5%
COHUMULONE: 20 to 22%
STORAGE STABILITY: fair to poor, retained about 54% of its original alpha acids after 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.74 ml/100g. Humulene 33.9%; caryophyllene 9.9%;
Myrcene 40.2%; no farnesene. H/C ratio = 3.43
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant continental aroma characteristics, high humulene
OTHER INFORMATION: World wide renowned as noble aroma hop used for flavoring
premium-type beers. Production is limited to a small acreage in Bavaria. Hop has been replaced in recent years by higher yielding German aroma hops such as Hersbrucker (USDA 21185 or 21179 and other Hersbrucker selections), Perle (USDA 21227), Hallertauer Gold (USDA 21671), and most recently by Hallertauer Tradition (USDA 21672).
Hallertauer Gold and Hallertauer mittelfrueh are sometimes
marketed together under the trade name "Hallertauer" or "Hallertau hops".


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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 56002
SELECTION: Not applicable
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Backa
PEDIGREE: Unknown land race from Yugoslavia (Backa Region)
Received from John I. Haas Alluvial Hop Farm, Independence, Oregon
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Yugoslavia
DATE RECEIVED: 1956
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: Commercial cultivar, no restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA Hop Accession No. Listing for 1956 (Numbers assigned
by S.N. Brooks, USDA Hop Investigations Leader).
Kisgeci, Jan. Chmeliarske Pohladnice (History of Hop
Growing in Vojvodina). Novi Sad. 1979 (English Summary pp. 156-165).
Wagner, T. Gene Pools of Hop Countries. 1978. p. 68.
Kisgeci, Jan, Andrej Mijavec, M. Acimovic, P. Spevak, and
Novica Vucic. 1984. Hmeljarstvo. 374 pp. (English
summary). Poljoprivredni Fakultet, Univ. Novi Sad, Yugoslavia.
MATURITY: Late
LEAF COLOR: Light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately susceptible
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably tolerant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Good to very good
YIELD: Fair to good in U.S. trials, very good in Yugoslavia
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 4.8% (8-year range 3.1-6.9%)
BETA ACIDS: 6% (8-year range 4.0-7.4%)
COHUMULONE: 25%
STORAGE STABILITY: Good (67% of original alpha acids remaining after 6
months room temperature storage)
OIL: 0.60 ml/100 g (8-year range 0.39-1.0); H/C ratio 3.28; humulene 33%
MAJOR TRAITS: High yield potential in Yugoslavia but poorly adapted in
many other parts of the world; good aroma properties,
similar to established European "Noble Aroma" hops.
OTHER INFORMATION: Alpha acids content in the Backa Region of Yugoslavia has dropped dramatically in recent years to as low a 1%. The hop trade is concerned. The reasons are unknown but probably not due to viruses since spot tests by ELISA have revealed low virus titers. This hop is probably identical to USDA 21080.


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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 56013
SELECTION: Seedling selection 55187 made in 1956 at Corvallis,
Oregon
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Cascade
PEDIGREE: OP seed collected on USDA 19124 in 1955
[Fuggle x (Serebrianka-Fuggle S)] x OP
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Variety Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Open pollinated seed collected in 1955, seedling
selected in 1956 by S. N. Brooks.
DATE RECEIVED: Selected in 1956
METHOD RECEIVED: Seedling selection
AVAILABILITY: Commercial cultivar, no restrictions.
REFERENCES: Brooks, S. N., C. E. Homer, S. T. Likens, and C. E.
Zimmermann. Registration of Cascade hop (Registration
No. 1). Crop Sci. 12:394. 1972.
Homer, T. E., S. T. Likens, C. E. Zimmermann, and A.
Haunold. Cascade, a new continental-type hop variety
for the U.S. Brewer's Digest 47:56-62. 1972.
Romanko, R. R. In: Steiner's Guide to American Hops, 2nd. ed. 1986.
MATURITY: Medium to medium late
LEAF COLOR: Medium green to dark green
SEX: Female, occasionally produces a few sterile male
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant in the crown, moderately susceptible in shoots and
cones flowers
Verticillium wilt: moderately resistant
Viruses: initially infected with all hop viruses but cleaned up by meristem tip
culture and heat treatment and re-released under the new Accession No.
USDA 21092.
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Very good, 1800-2200 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24-30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 6.2% (ten year range: 5.1 to 8.5%)
BETA ACIDS: 5.0% (ten year range: 4.0 to 6.6%)
COHUMULONE: 33-36%
STORAGE STABILITY: Poor
OIL: 1.27 ml/100 g (10 year range: 0.62 to 1.89)
MAJOR TRAITS: Crown resistance to Downy Mildew, ratio of alpha/beta
similar to European aroma hops.
OTHER INFORMATION: Used as an aroma hop in certain brewery blends. In
1986, 2256 acres produced 4.43 mill. lbs, 9.0% of U.S.
production; adapted to Oregon, Washington and Idaho. 1997 production:
2,003 million lbs on 1,037 acres, all in Washington.


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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 60042
SELECTION: Seedling selection of a cross between Saazer x White
Vine-OP in Japan
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Shinshuwase, or Shinshu-Wase
PEDIGREE: Saazer x White Vine-OP; cross made in Japan in the
early part of the 20th century
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm,
Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: Japan
DATE RECEIVED: 1960
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Gene Pools of Hop Countries. T. Wagner, ed. 1978, p.
47. This hop was obtained in 1960 under PI No. 264597
from Daiichi Seed Company, Japan
MATURITY: Late
LEAF COLOR: Light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium Wilt: resistant
Viruses: infected with Prunus Necrotic Ringspot Virus (cherry and apple
strain), Hop Latent Virus, American Hop Latent Virus, but free of
Hop Mosaic Virus. The ELISA reaction for Prunus Necrotic
Ringspot is different from that with other PNRV infected hop genotypes
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: High, 1600-2200 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 20-40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5.8% (8-year range 4.7-8.3%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.7% (8-year range 4.0-6.1%)
COHUMULONE: 51%
STORAGE STABILITY: Good to fair (retained 61% of original alpha acids
after 6 months room temperature storage)
OIL: 0.71 ml/100 g (8-year range 0.42-0.98 ml/100 g)
MAJOR TRAITS: High yield potential, loose cone type, shatters easily
upon machine picking, particularly when grown seeded;
excellent spring regrowth; reddish-green main stem.
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is grown commercially only in Japan and is considered to be an aroma hop. Not grown commercially in the United States. Major hop variety in Japan.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 61019
SELECTION: Clonal selection from the English Fuggle (USDA 19209)
in Yugoslavia at the turn of the century
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Yugoslavia Golding (a misnomer; this hop is different from the
English "Golding")
PEDIGREE: Clonal selection of Fuggle
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm,
Corvallis
ORIGIN: Clonal selection
DATE RECEIVED: 1961 under PI No. 250809 from Ljubljana, Yugoslavia
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Various USDA Annual Reports of Hop Investigations
starting in 1962
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant
Verticillium Wilt: moderately susceptible
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Good early in the season, poor later in the season
YIELD: Low, 900-1200 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12-20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5.5% (9-year range 3.7-6.9%)
BETA ACIDS: 2.9% (9-year range 2.1-3.7%)
COHUMULONE: 27%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good (retains 73% of original alpha acids after 6
months room temperature storage)
OIL: 0.9 ml/100 g (9-year range 0.6-1.5 ml/100 g)
MAJOR TRAITS: Resistant to Downy Mildew, European aroma characteris
tics, very similar to Fuggle from which it was
developed.
OTHER INFORMATION: Susceptible to Downy Mildew under Yugoslavia conditions, especially during flowering time. Grown primarily in the Savinja Valley in Slovenia (northern Yugoslavia), exported from Yugoslavia to many countries around the world. Probably identical to Savinja Golding (USDA 61020).

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 61020
SELECTION: Clonal selection of Fuggle (USDA 19209) from
Yugoslavia
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Savinja Golding; other names: Savinski Golding,
Styrian Golding, Styrian, Steirer Hopfen, Sanutaler
PEDIGREE: Selected from Fuggle in Slovenia (northern Yugoslavia)
at the turn of century
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS Wold Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Clonal selection
DATE RECEIVED: 1961 from the Institute of Hop Research, Zalec,
Yugoslavia under PI No. 255973
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Various USDA Annual Reports of Hop Investigations, beginning in 1962
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant
Verticillium Wilt: moderately susceptible
Viruses: free of Prunus Necrotic Ringspot
Virus, Apple Mosaic Virus and Hop Mosaic Virus; carries Hop Latent
and American Hop Latent Virus
VIGOR: Good in early spring, poor later in the season
YIELD: Low, 900-1100 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12-20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5.6% (9-year range 4.7-6.6%)
BETA ACIDS: 2.7% (9-year range 2.2-3.3%)
COHUMULONE: 27%
STORAGE STABILITY good to very good, similar to Fuggle (USDA 48209)
OIL: 0.91 ml/100 g (9-year range 0.42-1.43 ml/lOOg)
MAJOR TRAITS: Resistant to Downy Mildew (susceptible in Yugoslavia
during flowering time), European hop aroma.
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop and USDA 61019 are referred as Styrian by the
trade. They are exported widely from Yugoslavia to
many countries around the world. This selection, like
the preceding Yugoslavia Golding, is nearly identical
to Fuggle from which it was developed. The name
"Golding" is a misnomer, since this hop is a Fuggle
type and differs significantly from the English"Golding" hops.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 61021
SELECTION: Developed from a German land race in the Tettnang area
of southwestern Germany
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Tettnanger (sometimes called Swiss Tettnanger); other
names: Schwetzinger, Deutscher Fruehhopfen
PEDIGREE: Unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Probably clonal selection; obtained in 1961 from S. S.
Steiner of Laupheim, Germany, via Parma Agricultural
Experiment Station, Idaho (Dr. R. R. Romanko)
DATE RECEIVED: 1961
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Romanko, R. R. In: Steiner's Guide to American Hops,
Book III. New York, NY. S.S. Steiner Inc. 1986, p. 50.
Kohlmann, H., and A. Kastner. Der Hopfen. Hopfenverlag Wolnzach, 1975, p. 34.
Various USDA Annual Reports starting in 1962.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Medium green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium Wilt: unknown
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Good, especially early in the season, but poor in early to mid-summer
YIELD: Low, 1000-1300 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12-36 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 4.7% (9-year range 4.1-6.3%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.7% (9-year range 3.6-5.7%)
COHUMULONE: 22%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair (retained 57% of original alpha acids after 6
months room temperature storage).
OIL: 0.66 ml/100 g (9-year range 0.42-1.13 ml/100 g)
MAJOR TRAITS: European noble aroma characteristics, alpha/beta ratio near 1; reddish hue on the main vine.
OTHER INFORMATION: Imported to the United States in substantial quantities
because domestic production, which has increased in recent years, is
insufficient to satisfy demand. Exported from Germany to many countries
around the world for premium prices. German production is insufficient to
meet increasing demands worldwide. In 1988 2800 acres of Tettnangs were
grown primarily in northern Idaho, the Yakima Valley of Washington, and the
Willamette Valley of Oregon. (Note: This hop became known as US
Tettnanger and was originally a mixture with Fuggle. In recent years, most of
US Tettnanger was Fuggle. Anheuser Busch dropped US Tettnanger in
1997/98).The name Swiss Tettnanger refers to the fact that this hop clone was
originally brought to the U.S. from Switzerland (near St. Gallen across Lake
Constance from the major Tettnang hop growing area in Germany). It is very
similar to USDA 21015 which was introduced as a clonal selection in 1970.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 62013
SELECTION: Seedling selection of cross 6185 made in 1961 at Corvallis, Oregon
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Comet
PEDIGREE: 19120 x 58006M
Sunshine seedling 25 S x Utah 524-2
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Cross 6185 made in 1961 at Corvallis, Oregon
DATE RECEIVED: Selected and Accession No. assigned in 1962.
METHOD RECEIVED: Seedling selection
AVAILABILITY: Commercial cultivar, no restrictions.
REFERENCES: Zimmermann, C. E., S. T. Likens, A. Haunold, C. E.
Homer and D. D. Roberts. Registration of Comet Hop
(Registration No. 3). Crop Sci. 15:98. 1975.
Schwartz, B. W. New American Hop Varieties. In:
Steiner's Guide to American Hops. Book 2. S. S. Steiner,
New York, NY 1977.
MATURITY: Medium late
LEAF COLOR: Light green early in the season, turning darker green as the season progresses.
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: susceptible
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: free of Prunus Necrotic Ringspot Virus and Hop Mosaic Virus.
VIGOR: Excellent
POLLEN SHEDDING: Very good, 1700 to 2000 lbs per acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24-40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 11.3% (8 year range: 9.4 to 12.4%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.6% (8 year range: 3.0 to 6.1%)
COHUMULONE: 41%
STORAGE STABILITY: Good to very good
OIL: 1.98 ml/100 g (8 year range: 1.40 to 3.31%)
MAJOR TRAITS: Relatively high alpha acids content; Wild American
aroma that is objectionable to some brewers, highly
resistant (perhaps immune) to Prunus Necrotic Ringspot
virus infection, yellowish green leaf color early in
the season.
OTHER INFORMATION: Released as high alpha hop primarily for production in
Washington and Idaho. Acreage expanded to 635 acres in
1980 (1% of US production), but declined after 1981
following the release of super alpha hops. Comet today
is no longer grown commercially.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 62051
SELECTION: Selected at Wye College, England, prior to 1962
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Janus
PEDIGREE: Unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Developed at Wye College, England, in the 1950's from
a cross involving a New Mexico Wild American, Eastwell
Golding and various other old English hops
DATE RECEIVED: 1962
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes, PI No. 28 47 32 from Dr. Neve, Wye College, England
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Wye College Reports, Wye College, England, prior to
1961; Burgess, A. H. Hops. Interscience Publ. Inc.,
New York. 1964; Neve, R. A. In T. Wagner: Gene Pools
of Hop Countries. Zalec, Yugoslavia. 1978. p. 30.
MATURITY: Very early
LEAF COLOR: Light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant
Verticillium Wilt: resistant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Poor
YIELD: Low, below 1000 lbs/acre in Oregon
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 6-12 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5.1% (8-year range: 3.8-6.7%)
BETA ACIDS: 2.3% (8-year range: 1.6-3.2%)
COHUMULONE: 32%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good, retained 68% of original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.58 ml/100 g (range: 0.50-1.0)
MAJOR TRAITS: Loose, medium small cones that shatter easily when
grown seeded; resistant to verticillium wilt; very
sensitive to adverse soil conditions.
OTHER INFORMATION: Useful for developing extra early hops by breeding;
very high humulene content (above 34% of the oil);
pleasant, European-type aroma characteristics. This
hop is not grown any more because of low yields.
Very poor growth at Corvallis, discarded in 1992.
Very poor growth at Corvallis, discarded in 1992.
This hop is not grown commercially anywhere in the world
and has never been used for breeding.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 62052
SELECTION: Selected at Wye College, England, prior to 1962
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Density
PEDIGREE: Unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Selected at Wye College, England; obtained in 1962
from Dr. R. A. Neve, Wye College, under
PI No. 28 47 31. From a cross involving a New Mexico
Wild American female hop, Eastwell Golding and various
other old English hops.
DATE RECEIVED: 1962
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Various Wye College reports, Wye College, England,
prior to 1961; Burgess, A. H. Hops. Interscience
Publ. Inc., New York. 1964, p. 50; Neve, R. A. In T.
Wagner (ed.): Gene Pools of Hop Countries. Zalec, Yugoslavia. 1978. p. 30.
MATURITY: Medium early to medium late, depending on training time in the spring
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium Wilt: resistant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Fair to good
VIGOR: Fair to good
YIELD: Fair to good (1000-1400 lbs/acre)
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12-20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5.3% (6-year range: 4.4-6.6%)
BETA ACIDS: 3.3% (6-year range: 2.6-4.7%)
COHUMULONE: 36%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good (retained 72% of original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storage)
OIL: 0.44 ml/100 g (6-year range: 0.26-0.71)
MAJOR TRAITS: Resistant to Verticillium Wilt; small to medium small
cone size; susceptible to Downy Mildew in England;
pleasant European-type aroma characteristics.
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop is not grown any more commercially in England
because of low yields and low alpha acids content.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 62053
SELECTION: Selected at Wye College, England, prior to 1962
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Defender
PEDIGREE: Unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Selected at Wye College, England, in the 1950's;
obtained in 1962 from Dr. R. A. Neve, Wye College,
England, under PI No. 28 47 30. From a cross
involving a New Mexico Wild American female hop,
Eastwell Golding, and various other English hops.
DATE RECEIVED: 1962
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Various Wye College reports, Wye College, England,
prior to 1961; Burgess, A. H. Hops. Interscience
Publ. Inc., New York. 1964. p. 50; Neve R. A., In T.
Wagner (ed.): Gene Pools of Hop Countries. Zalec, Yugoslavia. 1978. p. 30.
MATURITY: Early to medium early
LEAF COLOR: Medium green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium Wilt: resistant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Poor to good
YIELD: Low (1000-1200 lbs/acre)
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 6-20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 4.0% (7-year range: 3.3-6.0%)
BETA ACIDS: 1.5% (7-year range: 1.1-2.5%)
COHUMULONE: 27%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair, retained 59% of original alpha acids after 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.5 ml/100 g (7-year range: 0.15-0.98)
MAJOR TRAITS: Resistant to Verticillium Wilt, susceptible to Downy Mildew in England.
OTHER INFORMATION: Pleasant, European-type aroma characteristics, high humulene content (35% of the oil); oil contains significant amounts of farnesene (in contrast to Density and Janus); this variety is not grown any more commercially because of low yields and low alpha acids content. The exceptionally low beta acids content results in a very high alpha:beta ratio, which may be useful from a breeding standpoint.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 64100
SELECTION: Seedling selection from a cross made at Wye College,
England, before 1920
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Bullion
PEDIGREE: Wild Manitoba BB1 x OR (open pollinated)
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Cross made by Professor E. S. Salmon at Wye College,
England, before 1920. Seedling was raised in 1919 from
open-pollinated seed collected on the female BB1 in the
hop nursery at Wye College, England. BB1 was obtained
in 1916 as a cutting from a wild hop growing at Morden, Manitoba.
DATE RECEIVED: 1964
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes, from Roger Kerr, Keizer, Oregon, who obtained
it via S. S. Steiner Co. from England.
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: Salmon, E. S., Bullion hop, a new variety. Journal,
South-East Agricultural College, Wye, Kent, England 42:47-52. 1938.
Burgess, A. H. Hops. Interscience Publishers, New York, 1964, p. 46. -
Romanko, R. R. In Steiner's Guide to American Hops. S.
S. Steiner Inc. New York 1973, p. 20-21.
MATURITY: Medium early
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female, occasional sterile male flowers in certain years.
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: infected with all major hop viruses
VIGOR: Excellent
YIELD: High, 2000-2400 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 20-40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 10.0% (10 year range: 6.7 to 12.9%)
BETA ACIDS: 5.4% (10 year range: 3.7 to 9.1%)
COHUMULONE: 39%
STORAGE STABILITY: Poor
OIL: 1.65 ml/100 g (10 year range: 1.14 to 2.70)
MAJOR TRAITS: Identical to USDA 21056
OTHER INFORMATION: Identical to USDA 21056 but slightly lower alpha-acids
content due to virus infection. This hop, a major U.S.
hop variety since the mid-1940s, was discontinued from
commercial U.S. production in 1985 after the advent of
super - alpha hops with better storage stability and higher alpha acids content.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 64107
SELECTION: Seedling selection WEB 135, raised in 1934 from Canterbury Golding,
crossed with a male seedling from Brewer's Gold. Canterbury Golding is
an old English variety identical to East Kent Golding.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: 1upulus
CULTIVAR: Northern Brewer
PEDIGREE: Canterbury Holding x male OB21
Canterbury Golding x Brewer's Gold-OY1
OB21: a seedling.raised in 1934 by Prof.Salmon at Wye College from a
cross: Brew.Cold (l9001) x American Male OYl-
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Seedling selection made by E. S. Salmon, Wye College, England
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1964
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes, from Dr. R. A. Neve , Wye College, England. Received
under PI No. 302781.
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety.
REFERENCES: Salmon, E. S. Four seedling of the Canterbury Golding. Leaflet, Wye
College, England. 8 pp. 1944. Burgess, A. H. Hops. Interscience
Publishers, New York, 1964. p. 46.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Medium to dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt:resistant
Viruses: infected with all five major hop viruses
VIGOR: Poor to moderate
VIGOR: Poor to moderate
YIELD: Low, 800-1200 1bs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12-20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 9.5% (ten year range: 7.0 to 12.1%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.0% (ten year range: 2.2 to 5.3%)
COHUMULONE: 26%
STORAGE STABILITY: Good to fair
OIL: 1.61 ml/100 9 (10 year range: 0.77 to 2.56)
MAJOR TRAITS: Moderately high alpha-acids content. Pleasant aroma.
Resistant to Verticillium wilt, susceptible to powdery
mildew (Sphaerotheca humuli).
OTHER INFORMATION: Not grown commercially in the U.S. because of low
yields. Major hop variety in Europe, particularly West
Germany and Belgium because of Verticillium resistance.
Canterbury Golding is identical to East.Kent Golding. It was
selected from Canterbury Whitebine by Mr. Golding of Malling
shortly before 1790 (Ref. Burgess, 1964; page 42)
Virtually identical to USDA 21093 except for higher
virus content, esp. Prunus necrotic ringspot virus and apple mosaic virus.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 65101
SELECTION: Open pollinated seedling of Late Cluster, selected in
1959 from seed collected in 1958, following screening
for downy mildew resistance in the seedling stage.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Talisman
PEDIGREE: Late Cluster x Open Pollinated (OP)
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Selected by R. R. Romanko at Parma, Idaho, among open
pollinated seedlings of Late Cluster, following downy mildew screening.
DATE RECEIVED: 1965
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Romanko, R. R., S. T. Likens, and J. C. Shephard.
Talisman, a new American Clusters-type hop variety.
Idaho Agric. Exp. Stn. Bull. 496. 1968. Moscow, ID.
Romanko, R. R., In S. S. Steiner's Guide to American
Hops. S. S. Steiner, Inc., New York, 1973, p. 28.
MATURITY: Very late (mid-to late September)
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: carries prunus necrotic ringspot virus and some other hop viruses
without appreciable effect on yields.
VIGOR: Excellent
YIELD: 2000-2600 1bs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24-40 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 6.2% (5 year range: 5.7 to 6.7%)
Alpha acids in excess of 8% have been recorded
frequently in the Yakima Valley
BETA ACIDS: 3.2% (5 year range: 2.8 to 3.6%)
COHUMULONE: 53%
TORAGE STABILITY: Very good, similar to Clusters
OIL: 0.72 ml/100 9 (5 year range: 0.47 to 0.98)
MAJOR TRAITS: Moderately high alpha-acids content; was preferred hop extractors over other
Cluster-type hops prior to the advent of super alpha hops. Excellent yield
potential. Somewhat better downy mildew resistance than Clusters.
OTHER INFORMATION: Relatively sparse regrowth in early spring; few rhizomes on mature crowns.
After its release in 1965 Talisman expanded to 1437 acres (4.6% of U.S.
production) in 1973. Since then, acreage has gradually declined, and in 1986
only 222 acres of Talisman were grown commercially. Talisman was used as
replacement for Clusters in blends, although some brewers complained about
harsh aftertaste of Talisman flavored beers. No Talisman was grown
commercially in the United States in 1997.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 65102
SELECTION: Selection No. L-1 by C. B. Skotland from a commercial
yard of Late Cluster in the Yakima Valley in the late 1950's.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Yakima Cluster
PEDIGREE: Unknown. Late Cluster was developed from Pacific Coast
Cluster. Probably originally derived from a native North American hop.
PRIMARY SITE: Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center, Prosser, WA.
ORIGIN: Clonal selection from Late Cluster made at Prosser, WA.
DATE RECEIVED: 1965
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Skotland, C. B. Improvement of Cluster hops. MBAA
Technical Quarterly 10(3). 119-122. 1973.
Romanko, R. R., in S. S. Steiner's Guide to American
Hops. S. S. Steiner, Inc., New York, 1973, p. 25.
Brooks, S. N., C. E. Homer, S. T. Likens, Hop Produc
tion. Agriculture Information Bulletin 240. USDA-ARS 1961.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Medium green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: susceptible
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: free of prunus necrotic ringspot and apple mosaic virus, gradually
becoming reinfected over a 10-15 year period in commercial plantings.
VIGOR: Excellent
YIELD: High, 1800-2000 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 18-36 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 7.1% (10 year range: 4.4 to 9.8%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.3% (10 year range: 3.0 to 6.1%)
COHUMULONE: 42%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good
OIL 0.47 ml/100 g (10 year range: 0.24 to 0.90)
MAJOR TRAITS: Similar to Early Cluster (E-2) but narrower range of adaptation.
OTHER INFORMATION: Does not grow well in Idaho. Not adapted to western
Oregon because of downy mildew susceptibility. Generally grouped with
Early Cluster by the trade. Chemically and in brewing indistinguishable from
Early Cluster or any other Cluster hop. Listed in trade statistics under
"Cluster" hops. (1997 Cluster production: 3697 acres (8.38 million lbs), in
Idaho and Washington, none in Oregon.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 65103
SELECTION: Selected as E-2 by C. B. Skotland, Prosser, WA, from a
commercial Early Cluster field in the late 1950's.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Early Cluster
PEDIGREE: Uncertain, perhaps a somatic mutation of an Oregon or
Pacific Coast Cluster around 1908.
PRIMARY SITE: Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center, Prosser, WA
ORIGIN: Selected as virus-free clone E-2 by C. B. Skotland,
Prosser, WA, from a commercial Early Cluster yard.
DATE RECEIVED: 1965
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Skotland, C. B. Improvement of Cluster hops. NBAA
Technical Quarterly 10(3):119-122. 1973.
Romanko, R. R. in S. S. Steiner's Guide to American
Hops. S. S. Steiner, Inc. New York 1973, p. 23.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Medium green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: susceptible
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: free of prunus necrotic ringspot virus and apple mosaic virus in
gradually becomes reinfected in commercial plantings over a 10-15
year period.
VIGOR: Excellent
YIELD: High, 1800-2100 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24-36 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 6.4% (4 year range: 5.2 to 8.6%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.4% (4 year range: 3.6 to 6.1%)
COHUMULONE: 39%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good
OIL: 0.79 ml/100 g (4 year range: 0.66 to 1.03)
MAJOR TRAITS: High yield potential, susceptible to Downy Mildew
(Pseudoperonospora humuli) in crown, leaf and cone
stage. Excellent storage stability of soft resins.
OTHER INFORMATION: Major hop variety in Washington and Idaho. Not
suitable for Western Oregon production because of Downy
Mildew susceptibility. In 1986, 7063 acres of Early Clusters accounted for
28% of total U.S. hop acreage. In 1997 total Cluster acreage had shrunk to
3697 acres, (8.38 mill. Lbs), ranking it fourth in total production.

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USDA ACCESSION NO. 65104
SELECTION: Clonal selection made by C. B. Skotland, Prosser, WA from a commercial Late Cluster yard in the late 1950s.
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Late Cluster , L-8
PEDIGREE: Identical to USDA 65102
PRIMARY SITE: Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center, Prosser, WA
ORIGIN: Identical to 65102
DATE RECEIVED: 1965
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: Identical to USDA 65102
MATURITY: Late
LEAF COLOR: Dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: susceptible
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: free of prunus necrotic ringspot and apple mosaic virus, becoming
reinfected over a 10-15 year period in commercial plantings.
VIGOR: Excellent
YIELD: High, 2000 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24-36 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5.0% (4 year range: 4.1 to 6.4%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.7% (4 year range: 3.7 to 5.5%)
COHUMULONE: 42%
STORAGE STABILITY: Excellent
OIL: 0.34 ml/100 9 (4 year range: 0.19 to 0.46)
Humulene 13.4%; caryophyllene 4.9%; myrcene 58.1%
Farnesene o.3%. H/C ratio = 2.74
MAJOR TRAITS: Similar to USDA 65102, but more resistance to spider mites
OTHER INFORMATION: Not adapted to western Oregon because of downy mildew
susceptibility. Indistinguishable from other Cluster
selections by chemical means or in brewing. In 1986
2,133 acres of Late Cluster accounted for 8.5% of total U.S. hop acreage. L-8 is the designation given to the selection by Dr. C.B. Skotland in the 1950's when he started his virus program. L-8 has a higher level of spidermite resistance than other Cluster elections. Total Cluster production in 1991 was 14.5 mill. lbs grown on 6964 acres and perhaps 20% of that was L8. In 1997, total Cluster production was 8.38 mill. Lbs on 3,697 acres.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 66050
SELECTION: Selected in England in the late 1950's or early 1960's as WE 1778
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Alliance
PEDIGREE: Whitbread's Golding variety (USDA 21668) x male C3
male C3 came from a cross involving a sister of Brewer's
Gold open pollinated by English males at Wye College, England
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Developed at Wye College, England in the late 1950's or early 1960's
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1966; PI Nr. 312510
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes from Dr. R. A. Neve, head, Dept. of Hop Res., Wye College
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS Annual Report for Hop Investigations, 1966.
Wagner, T. Gene Pools of Hop Countries. 1978. pp . 26, 30.
MATURITY: Early
LEAF COLOR: Light green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately susceptible
Powdery Mildew: susceptible
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Fair to poor
YIELD: Poor to good. Average 1068 lbs/acre over a ten-year
period near Corvallis, but produced high yields in England.
SIDEARM LENGTH: 6-20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 6.3% (10-year range 4.6-7.5%)
BETA ACIDS: 2.5% (10-year range 1.6-5.1%)
COHUMULONE: 29%
STORAGE STABILITY: Good (retained 78% of original alpha acids after 6 months at room
temperature
OIL: 1.00 ml/100 g (10-year range 1.35 to 0.47)
Humulene 33%; caryophyllene 11.3%; myrcene 36.7%
farnesene 1.9%. H/C ratio = 2.92
MAJOR TRAITS Early maturity, resistance to Verticillium wilt, quality similar to Fuggle (USDA 48209).
OTHER INFORMATION: Was developed in England as a replacement for Fuggle but yields were only slightly higher than those of Fuggle. Not grown any more commercially in England or anywhere else.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 66051
SELECTION: seedling selection made at Wye College, England
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Progress
PEDIGREE: Whitbreds Golding Variety x OB 79 male
WGV (USDA 21668) x English male OB 79 OB 79 is a seedling of an open-pollinated Wild American hop
PRIMARY SITE USDA-ARS Hop Research Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: Wye College, England late 1950s
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1966
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Neve, R.A. 1991. Hops. Chapman and Hall,
New York, London.
Various Wye College Annual Reports on Hop Research starting late 1950s and following years.
Wagner, T. 1978. Gene Pools of Hop Countries. Institute for
Hop Research, Zalec, Yugoslavia (now Slovenia)
` Lemmens, Gerard. 1997. The breeding of Hop Varieties
Brewer's Digest, March 1997.
MATURITY: very early
LEAF COLOR: medium green to light green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: toleratn
Verticillium wilt: tolerant
Viruses: no information
VIGOR: poor in Corvallis test plots
YIELD: poor, averaging 800 to 1,000 lbs in Corvallis plots
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 8 to 20 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 6.7%;
BETA ACIDS: 2.6%
COHUMULONE: 28%
STORAGE STABILITY: good to very good; retained 74% of its original alpha
acids after 6 months room temperature storage.
OIL: 0.73 ml/100 g. Humulene 37%; caryophyllene 10.6%
Myrcene 33.5%; farnesene trace. H/C ratio = 3.48
MAJOR TRAITS: pleasant continental-type aroma, very early maturity
OTHER INFORMATION: useful for breeding early maturing hops. This hop is only grown in very limited quantities in England for special brewery needs.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 66052
SELECTION: no information available
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Pride of Ringwood
PEDIGREE: Pride of Kent x OP
USDA 21280 x open pollinated
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, East Farm, Corvallis,OR
ORIGIN: Ringwood Hop Research Station, near Melbourne, Australia
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1966
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: USDA/ARS Annual Reports of Hop Research starting
in 1966
This hop was developed by Mr. A.S.(Bill) Nash, hop
Breeder at Ringwood, employed by CUB (Carlton & United Breweries)
Melbourne, Australia.
MATURITY: late
LEAF COLOR: medium green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: susceptible
Verticillium wilt; moderately resdistant
Viruses: no information
VIGOR: very good
YIELD: very good Australia, fair in Oregon test plots
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 20 to 30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 9 to 11.5 %
BETA ACIDS: 5 to 8%
COHUMULONE: 30 to 34%
STORAGE STABILITY: good, retained over 60% of original alpha acids after
6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.21 ml/100 g (range: 0.70 to 1.78 ml/100 g)
Myrcene 53%; humulene 1.9%; caryophyllene 7.6%;
no farnesene; H/C ratio = 0.25
MAJOR TRAITS: high alpha acids potential, especially in Australia.
Very low in humulene
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop was also grown for a brief time in Kashmir, India.
It matures too late to be grown successfully in US hop
growing areas.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 66054
SELECTION: Selected from a cross made by Dr. R.H.J. Roborgh in the
early 1960's at the Riwaka Research Station, near Nelson, New Zealand
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Calicross
PEDIGREE: California Cluster x Fuggle Seedling
PRIMARY SITE: USDA, ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, Corvallis,
Oregon, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Seedling selection
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1966, PI Number 314968
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report for Hop Investigations 1966, p. 8.
MATURITY: Late
LEAF COLOR: Green to dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately susceptible
Verticillium wilt: unknown
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: 1200 to 2300 lbs/acre (10-year average 1329 lbs/acre near
Corvallis); substantially higher yield in New Zealand.
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 7.0% (8-year range 5.8-7.9%)
BETA ACIDS: 5.6% (8-year range 4.0-7.8%)
COHUMULONE: 38%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good (retained 78% of original alpha acids after 6
months room temperature storage)
OIL: 0.81 ml/100 g (5-year range 0.51-1.39 ml/100 g)
Humulene 13.2%; myrcene 61.3%; caryophyllene 9.2%
Farnesene 2.1%. H/C ratio = 2,45
MAJOR TRAITS: High yield potential, late maturity, some similarity to
Cluster.
OTHER INFORMATION: Grown commercially in New Zealand from the early 1960's
until early 1980's. Not grown commercially any more.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 66055
SELECTION: Selected by Dr. R.H.J. Roborgh at the Riwaka Research
Station, near Nelson, New Zealand, in the early 1960's
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: First Choice
PEDIGREE: California Cluster x Open Pollinated
PRIMARY SITE: USDA, ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, Corvallis,
Oregon, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Seedling Selection
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1966; PI Number 314969
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: USDA, ARS Annual Report for Hop Investigations 1966, p.8.
MATURITY: Late
LEAF COLOR: Medium dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately susceptible
Verticillium wilt: unknown
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Fair to good near Corvallis, very good in New Zealand.
Corvallis 5-year average 872 lbs. (range 800-1,400 lbs/acre)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-24 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5.6% (5-year range 4.8-6.7%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.8% (5-year range 3.5-6.7%)
COHUMULONE: 39%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good, retained 74% of original alpha acids after 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 0.93% (5-year range 0.51-1.25 ml/100 g)
MAJOR TRAITS: High yield potential, some similarity to Cluster, very low humulene (0.7%); H/C ratio 0.48.
OTHER INFORMATION: Grown commercially in New Zealand for 20 years starting in the early 1960's; not grown commercially any more.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: 66056
SELECTION: Selected by Dr. R.H.J. Roborgh at the Riwaka Research
Station near Nelson, New Zealand, in the early 1960's
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Smooth Cone
PEDIGREE: California Cluster x Open Pollinated
PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, Corvallis,
Oregon, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Seedling Selection
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1966; PI Number 314970
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: USDA-ARS Annual Report of Hop Investigations 1966, p.8.
MATURITY: Late
LEAF COLOR: Medium dark green
SEX: Female
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately susceptible
Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably resistant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Fair to good near Corvallis, Very good in New Zealand.
Corvallis average 989 lbs/a (5-year range 651-1,520 lbs/acre)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-24 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 8.2% (5-year range 7.0-9.5%)
BETA ACIDS: 4.2% (5-year range 3.4-5.2%)
COHUMULONE: 31%
STORAGE STABILITY: Very good, 73% of original alpha acids remaining after 6
months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.00 ml/100 g (5-year range 0.38-1.14 ml);
Humulene 20.7%; caryophyllene 6.1%; myrcene 55.2%
Farnesene trace. H/C ratio = 3.38
MAJOR TRAITS: High yield potential in New Zealand; some similarity to
Cluster hops.
OTHER INFORMATION: Grown commercially in New Zealand in the 1960's and
1970's, but not grown commercially any more. Sister
selection of First Choice (USDA 66055). A tetraploid
Smooth Cone was developed at the Riwaka Research Station
in the late 1970's by colchicine treatment. It was used
to develop the triploid superalpha hops Green Bullet
(USDA 21404), SuperAlpha (USDA 21405, and Alpharoma (USDA 21406), which are now the predominant hops grown in New Zealand.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 68051
SELECTION: no information available
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Bramling Cross
PEDIGREE: no information available
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR
ORIGIN: Hop Research Institute, Wye College, England
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1968
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Various Ann ual Reports from Wye, College, England
USDA Annual Report for Hop Research, 1979, page 63.
MATURITY: medium early
LEAF COLOR: light green
SEX: female
DISEASES: non information
VIGOR: very poor
YIELD: poor in Corvallis test plots
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 15 inches, poor clustering
ALPHA ACIDS: 5 to 7%
BETA ACIDS: 3 to 4%
COHUMULONE: 25
STORAGE STABILITY: fair to good, retaiined about 68% of original alpha acids
after 6 months storage at room temperature
OIL: 0.83 ml/100g. Humulene 12.8%; caryophyllene 7.3%
farnesene trace; myrcene 65.7%. H/C ratio = 1.75
MAJOR TRAITS: European aroma characteristics
OTHER INFORMATION: This genotype was discarded in 1991 because of very poor growth at Corvallis test plots.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: 68052
SELECTION: no information available
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Petham Golding
PEDIGREE: no information available
PRIMARY SITE USDA/OSU Hop Research Farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR.
ORIGIN: Wye College Institute for Hop Research, Wye, Kent, England .
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1968
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILBILITY: no restrictions
REFERENCES: Various USDA Annual Reports for Hop Research starting
in 1968
Neve, R.A. 1991. Hops. Chapman and Hall, London,
New York.
MATURITY: medium late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Viruses: very susceptible to hop mosaic virus
VIGOR: good
YIELD: fair to good, averaging 1,200 lbs in Corvallis test plots
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 to 30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 6.9%
BETA ACIDS: 2.0%
COHUMULONE: 28%
STORAGE STABILITY: fair to poor, retained 57% of its original alpha acids
after 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.15 ml/100 g. Humulene 16.0%; caryophyllene 8.7%
myrcene 57.0%; farnesene trace. H/C ratio = 1,83
MAJOR TRAITS: susceptible to hop mosaic; similar in quality to Golding-type hops (see USDA 21680, 21681, 21669 and others)
OTHER INFORMATION: this hop has a different growth type than other Golding hops, having sidearms pointing in a stiff upward direction. Arms also have a tendency to break easily at the branching point from the main stem. It is believed that this hop is actually a seedling of the original Petham Golding . (Opinion expressed by Dr. R.A. Neve during a visit to Corvallis in the early 1980s).

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: not applicable
SELECTION: Washington Sel. Nr. 8254-167 assigned by Dr. Steve Kenny, Prosser,
WA
GENUS: humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Vanguard
PEDIGREE: BOR 704 (USDA 21285) x USDA 64037M
PRIMARY SITE: WSU Prosser
ORIGIN: seedling selection
DATE RECEIVED: spring 1981
METHOD RECEIVED: rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: no restrictions, commercial cultivar
REFERENCES: Haunold, A., various USDA Annual reports starting in 1982.
Kenny, S.T. Annual reports to the Hop Research Council, especially the
years 1994 to 1997.
MATURITY: medium to medium late
LEAF COLOR: medium dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew: moderately susceptible
Verticillium Wilt: resistant
Viruses: unknown
VIGOR: good to very good
YIELD: good to very good, 1,200 to 1,600 lbs/acre in Yakima Valley test plots
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 15 to 30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5 to 6%
BETA ACIDS: 5 to 7 %
COHUMULONE: 14 to 15 %
STORAGE STABILITY: unknown
OIL: 0.88 to 1.20 ml/100 g. Humulene 43%, myrcene 20%, farnesene 0.5%
H/C ratio 3.23 to 3.58
MAJOR TRAITS: suitable as a fine aroma hop; very low cohumulone content.
Essential oil profile is similar to that of Hallertauer mittelfrueh.
This hop is a diploid: chromosome Nr. 2n = 20
OTHER INFORMATION: Tested by Anheuser Busch Inc. for 5 years in Washington test plots
starting in 1994. Initial test brews were very encouraging. By late fall
1997 this hop, though named, had not yet been officially released.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: not applicable
SELECTION: not disclosed
GENUS: humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Zeus
PEDIGREE: not disclosed, but probably derived from Brewer's Gold
PRIMARY SITE: S.S. Steiner Hop Farms, Washington
ORIGIN: seedling selection
DATRE RECEIVED: not applicable
METHOD RECEIVED: not applicable
AVAILABILITY: private variety, not generally available
REFERENCES: Hilton, Jerrold F. 1998. Hops into the Millennium. S.S. Steiner Inc.
New York, N.Y. 10021-8078
MATURITY: mid season to late season
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: no information available. Reputed to be resistant to powdery mildew
VIGOR: very good
YIELD: very good, 2,400 to 3,000 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: no information available
ALPHA ACIDS: 13 to 17%; one field reportedly had about 20% alpha (at harvest??)
BETA ACIDS: 4.5 to 6.5%
COHUMULONE: 30 to 40%
STORAGE STABILITY: studies in progress
OIL: 2.4% ml/100 g; myrcene 55-70%; humulene 10-20%,
Caryophyllene 5-10%; farnesene < 1% of total oil
MAOR TRAITS: high yield potential, high alpha acids content, abundant lupulin,
pleasant aroma, somewhat pungent according to one brewmaster.
OTHER INFORMATION: Private variety under control of S.S., Steiner Co. Hop grown by several Washington growers under private agreement with S.S. Steiner Inc.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: not applicable
SELECTION: not disclosed
GENUS: humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Sun
PEDIGREE: not disclosed, but probably related to Brewer's Gold
Sister selection of Zeus.
PRIMARY SITE: S.S. Steiner Hop Farms, Washington
ORIGIN: not disclosed, but probably seedling selection
DATE RECEIVED: not applicable
METHOD RECEIVED: not applicable
AVAILABILITY: not available, private variety
REFERENCES: Hilton, Jerrold F. Hops into the Millennium. S.S. Steiner Inc.
655 Madison Ave., New York, N.Y. 10021-8078.
MATURITY: medium to late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: no published information, but reportedly resistant to powdery mildew
VIGOR: very good
YIELD: very good, over 2,000 lbs/acre
SIDE ARM LENGTH: no information disclosed
ALPHA ACIDS: 12 to 16%
BETA ACIDS: no information, probably similar to its sister Zeus
COHUMULONE: no information
STORAGE STABILITY: studies in progress
OIL: somewhat higher than its sister selectin ZEUS
MAJOR TRAITS: high yield potential high alpha acids content; pronounces herbal aroma
Similar to Galena (USDA 21182).

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: not applicable
SELECTION: open pollinated seed collected in a polycross nursery. Neither male
or female parent are known.
GENUS: humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Columbus
PEDIGREE: not disclosed, but probably related to Brewer' Gold (USDA 19001)
PRIMARY SITE: Hop Union farms, Washington
ORIGIN: selected by Mr. C.E. Zimmermann from the hop breeding program
at Hop Union Inc., Yakima WA. 98909.
DATE RECEIVED: not applicable
METHOD RECEIVED: not applicable
AVAILABILITY: not available except with private contract through Hop Union Inc.
REFERENCES: Dr. Greg Lewis, 1995. Columbus hop. Brewing Techniques
March/April 1995, page 70
Hilton, Jerrold F. 1998. Hops into the Millennium. S.S. Steiner Inc.
New York, N.Y. 10021-8078.
Hop Variety named 'Columbus'. US Patent Nr. US00PP10956P
Plant Nrr. 10,956. Patent dated June 15, 1999.
Inventors: Gregory K. Lewis, Charles E. Zimmermann, and Henry
Hazenberg
MATURITY: late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: Downy mildew; susceptible, similar to Galena or Clusters
Verticillium wilt: resistant
Powdery mildew: susceptible
VIGOR: very good
YIELD: very good
SIDEA ARM LENGTH: no information
ALPH ACIDS: 14 to 16%
BETA ACIDS: 4.5 to 5.5 %
COHUMULONE: 30- 35%
STORAGE STABILITY: poor
OIL: 1.5 to 2.0%; myrcene 25-45%; humulene 15-25%; caryophyllene 8-12%
no farnesene
MAJOR TRAITS: high yield and high alpha acids potential, high oil content; breewing
Characteristics similar to Centennial (USDA 21507).
OTHER INFORMATION: Grown by Washington growers under private contract with Hop Union
Inc. USA. Sold by Hop Union under the name "Centennial Type", a
Blended hop product which consists mainly of Columbus hop. Recently also marketed under the 'Columbus' name.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: not applicable, none assigned
SELECTION: see Columbus variety
GENUS: humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: F-10
This hop, also known under the trademark " Tomahawk" is believed to
be identical to the variety Columbus. Tomahawk is a trademark
registered by Yakima Chief Inc., but the hop is being marketed
under the F-10 designation.
According to Mr. Ralph Olsen of Hop Union Inc. it was officially
stated in a legal settlement reached with Mr. C.E. Zimmermann in 1998, that both Columbus and Tomahawk are identical in all respects. (Personal communication to Dr. Al Haunold, retired USDA hop geneticist at Oregon State University.
(dated Oct. 13, 1998).

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: not applicable , none assigned
SELECTION: seedling selection Nr. H87203-1 made by Mr. Gene Probasco
Yakima, WA
GENUS: humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Chelan
PEDIGREE: Galena (USDA 21182) x USDA 21055 - USDA 63015M
PRIMARY SITE: J.I. Haas Inc. Hop Farms, Toppenish, WA
ORIGIN: seedling selection from a cross made in 1986, selected in 1988
DATE RECEIVED: not applicable, not made publicly available
METHOD RECEIVED: not applicable
AVAILABILITY: not available except with private contracts through J.I. Haas Inc.
REFERENCES: Unites States Patent Nr. Plant 8,824, dated Jul. 5, 1984.
US00PP08824P
Hilton, Jerrold F. 1998. Hops into the Millennium. S.S. Steiner Inc.
655 Madison Ave, New York, N.Y. 10021-8078
MATURITY: medium to medium early
LEAF COLOR: green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately susceptible
Verticillium wilt: tolerant
Viruses: tolerant to strains of major US hop viruses
Phytophthora root rot: tolerant
Powdery mildew: susceptible
VIGOR: excellent, good climber
YIELD: very good, 2,200 to 2,600 lbs/acre
SIDE-ARM LENGTH: 35 inches on average
ALPHA ACIDS: 13.5 to 15.5 % (ASBC spectrophotometric method, 8% moisture basis)
BETA ACIDS: 9.5 to 11.5% (ASBC spectrophotometric method)
COHUMULONE: 35.0 %
STORAGE STABILITY: very good, 20% transformation after 6 months room temp. storage
OIL: 1.5 ml/100 g. Humulene 13%; caryophyllene 11%; farnesene 0%;
Myrcene 40%. Hum/Caryo ratio: 1.2 . Lupulin content: 32% of
total cone weight based on 8% moisture content of the cones.
MAJOR TRAITS: very high beta acids content similar to its mother Galena. Excellent yield
potential. Very high resin gland (lupulin )content and thus high soft
resin production per acre.
OTHER INFORMATION: This is a private patented variety that may only be grown under special
contracts with J.I. Haas Inc. Chelan is a sister to the variety Tillicum,
Selection Nr. H87207-2.

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USDA ACCESSION No.: none assigned
SELECTION: Plant Nr. H900322-4
GENUS: Humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Symphony
PEDIGREE: USDA 21055 (tetraploid) x USDA 21055 - USDA 63015M
{Comet x [(BG x Fu - Colo 2-1)]} tetrapl x {Comet x [(BG x Fu-Colo 2-1]x USDA 63015M}
PRIMARY SITE John I Haas Hop Farms, Toppenish WA
ORIGIN: seedling selection
DATE RECEIVED: not received at Corvallis
METHOD RECEIVED: not applicable
AVAILBILITY: patented variety, not publicly available
REFERENCES: United States Patent Nr. Plant 10,147
US00PP10147P; date: Dec. 9, 1997
Hilton, Jerrold F. 1998. Hops into the Millennium. S.S. Steiner Inc..
655 Madison Ave. New York, NY 10021-8078
MATURITY: late
LEAF COLOR: dark green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately susceptible
Powdery mildew: very susceptible
Verticillium wilt: tolerant
Viruses: tolerant to most US hop viruses
VIGOR: very good
YIELD: excellent
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 37 inches average
ALPHA ACIDS: 16.0 to 18.0 %
BETA ACIDS: 5.0 to 5.6%
COHUMULONE: 44.0%
STORAGE STABILITY: very good
OIL: 2.6 ml/100 grams
Humulene 19.0%; caryophyllene 8.6%; farnesene 8.8%;
Myrcene 39.0%. Ratio Hum/caryoph = 2.2
MAJOR TRAITS: very high alpha acids content; very high lupulin content (30% of cone weight); very susceptible to powdery mildew.
OTHER INFORMATION: Due to its suceptibility to powdery mildew this variety is no longer grown commercially.
Mr. Gene Probasco informed me (letter dated Marcy 17, 1999) that
He doubled the chromosome Nr. of USDA 21055 and used that tetraploid
as a female to cross with the selected J.I. Haas male which also contained USDA 21055 in its pedigree (see above).
Thus, Symphony is 3/4 USDA 21055 and 1/4 USDA 63015M.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: not applicable, none assigned.
SELECTION: seedling selection Nr. H87207-2 made by Mr. Gene Probasco,
Yakima, WA.
GENUS: humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: Tillicum
PEDIGREE: Galena (USDA 21182) x USDA 21055 - USDA 63015M
PRIMARY SITE: J.I. Haas Hop farms, Toppenish, WA.
ORIGIN: seedling selection from a cross made in 1986 , selected in 1988
DATE RECEIVED: not applicable, variety not made publicly available
METHOD RECEIVED: not applicable
REFERENCES: United States Patent Nr. Plant 8,823, dated Jul. 5, 1994.
US00PP08823P
Hilton, Jerrold F. 1998. Hops into the Millennium. S.S. Steiner Inc.
New York, N.Y. 10021-8078.
MATURITY: medium early, August 21 to 31 at Toppenish, WA
LEAF COLOR: green
SEX: female
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately susceptible
Verticillium wilt: tolerant to strains found in the State of Washington
Viruses: tolerant to major US hop viruses
Phytophthora root rot: tolerant
Powdery mildew: susceptible
VIGOR: very good, good climbing vines
YIELD: very good, 2,000 to 2,400 lbs/acre on average
SIDE-ARM LENGTH: 31 inches on average
ALPHA ACIDS: 13.5 to 15.5.% (ASBC spectrophotometric method, 8% moisture basis)
BETA ACIDS: 9.5 to 11.5% (ASBC spectrophotometric method)
COHUMULONE: 35.0%
STORAGE STABILITY: very good, 20% transformation after 6 months room temperature storage
OIL: 1.5 ml/100g (8% moisture basis)
Humulene 14%; caryophyllene 7.4%; farnesene 0%; myrcene 40%
Humulene/caryophyllene ratio: 1.9 . Lupulin content: 33% of total cone weight.
MAJOR TRAITS: High alpha and very high beta acids content, high yield potential.
OTHER INFORMATION: Sister of Chelan H87203-1. Both are private patented varieties which may only be grown under special contract arrangements with J.I. Haas Inc.

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USDA ACCESSION NO.: not applicable, none assigned
SELECTION: seedling selection Nr. H87311-3 made by Mr. Gene Probasco , Yakima
WA. in 1988.
GENUS: humulus
SPECIES: lupulus
CULTIVAR: unnamed patented variety
PEDIGREE: Galena (USDA 21182)-USDA 63015M x USDA 21055-USDA63015M
PRIMARY SITE: J.I. Haas Inc. Hop Farms, Toppenish, WA
ORIGIN: seedling selection from a cross made in 1986, selected in 1988.
DATE RECEIVED: not applicable, variety not made publicly available
METHOD RECEIVED: not applicable
REFERENCES: United States Patent Nr. Plant 8812, dated Jun. 28, 1994
US00PP08812P
Hilton, Jerrold F. 1998. Hops into the Millennium. S.S. Steiner Inc.
655 Madison Ave. New York, NY. 10021-8078.
MATURITY: medium to medium early
LEAF COLOR: green to dark green on the upper leaf surface
SEX: female; has a tendence to develop a few male flowers in late June.
DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately susceptible
Verticillium wilt: tolerant to fungal strains found in the state of
Washington.
Viruses: tolerant to major US hop viruses
Phytophthora root rot: tolerant
Powdery mildew: very susceptible
VIGOR: excellent, good climber
YIELD: very good, 1,800 to 2,200 lbs/acre
SIDE-ARM LENGTH: 37 inches on average
ALPHA ACIDS: 16.5 to 18.5 % (ASBC spectrophotometric method, 8% moisture basis)
BETA ACIDS: 5.8 to 6.85 (ASBC spectrophotometric method)
COHUMULONE: 50.0%
STORAGE STABILITY: very good, 30% transformation after 6 months room temperature
storage.
OIL: 3.4 ml/100g. Humulene 15%; caryophyllene 8.3%; farnesene 8.8%
myrcene 50%; Hum/Caryoph. Ratio: 1.8 . Lupulin as % of
total cone weight: 34% ( on an 8% moisture basis).
MAJOR TRAITS: unusually high alpha acids content. Very high alpha acids production
on an acre basis.
OTHER INFORMATION: very susceptible to powdery mildew and, therefore, was discontinued from commercial production. This is a private patented hop variety which may only be grown under special contracts with J.I. Haas Inc.

Source: Oregon State University High Alpha Acid Breeding Program