Medium yielding, high alpha hop released through the USDA breeding program in 1985 by crossing a Petham Golding and a select US male. Matures mid to late season with good storage stability, reasonable tolerance to infection and mildew and highly tolerant to insects.
Centennial Rhizome Flavor
American aroma-type variety bred in 1974 and released in September 1990 by S.T. Kenny and C.E. Zimmermann, the breeders of this variety. Similar to Cascade and Chinook. The genetic composition is 3/4 Brewers Gold, 3/32 Fuggle, 1/6 East kent Golding, 1/32 Bavarian and 1/16 Unknown. One of the "Three Cs" along with Cascade and Columbus. Centennial is often referred to as a 'Super Cascade', since it has a strong citrus aroma.(Reference)
Hop Growers of America InformationCentennial is an aroma variety that was released by
Washington State University in 1990. It was derived from
three-quarters Brewer’s Gold with minor contributions from
Fuggle, East Kent Golding and others. It is among the most
popular varieties for U.S. craft brewers and is sometimes
referred to as a super Cascade.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 1,700 - 2,000
Yield (lbs per acre) 1,500 - 1,750
Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20° C) 60 - 65%
Possible Substitutions Cascade, Amarillo"
- Commercial Examples:
- Ales, IPA
- Acid Range (Alpha %)
- Beta Range
- 29–30% of alpha acids
- Total Oils
- 1.5–2.5 Mls. per 100 grams dried hops
- 45–65% of total oils
- 5–8% of total oils
- 10–18% of total oils
USDA Centennial Rhizome Information
SELECTION: Seedling Selection W415-90 made in 1974 at the Irrigated
Agriculture Research and Extension Center, Prosser, WA
PEDIGREE: OR6619-04 x 63015M
(Brewer's Gold2 x Fuggle-Fuggle Seedling) x (Brewer’s Gold2 x East Kent Golding - Bavarian Seedling) 3/4 Brew/Gold; 3/32 Fuggle; 1/16 East Kent Golding;
1/32 Bavarian; 1/16 unknown
PRIMARY SITE: USDA Hop Germplasm Collection, OSU East Farm
Washington State University Irrigated Agriculture
Research and Extension Center, Prosser, WA
ORIGIN: Seedling selection of cross W415, made in 1974 at
Prosser, WA (Seedling selection 415-90)
DATE RECEIVED: March 1981
USDA Accession No. assigned in 1987
METHOD RECEIVED: Potted plants
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions
REFERENCES: Kenny, S.T., and C.E. Zimmermann. Registration of Centennial Hop (Registration No. CV-17, PI546055). Crop Sci. 31:1092.
USDA Ann. Report and Data Summary 1981, Table 3, p. 29. Ann Report to the Hop Reseach Council (Prosser, WA). 1990.
MATURITY: Early to medium early
LEAF COLOR: Light green
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium Wilt: unknown, probably tolerant
Viruses: slight latent infection with Hop Mosaic,
Hop Latent, and American Hop Latent viruses, symptomless.
YIELD: Good to very good, 1600-1900 kg/ha (1430-1700 lbs/A)
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 9 - 12 %
BETA ACIDS: 4-5%
COHUMULONE: 28 - 32%
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to poor (lost over 50% of original alpha acids after 6 months storage at room temperature)
OIL: 2.83 ml/lOOg (average of 3 years) 50% myrcene, 14% humulene, 5% caryophyllene, no farnesene, citrus-floral aroma. H/C ratio 2.0 to 2.3
MAJOR TRAITS: Aroma and brewing performance attractive to small
brewers, home brewers, and microbrewers
OTHER INFORMATION: Well adapted to the Yakima Valley, WA, Centennial has never been tested in commercial field trials in Oregon. 1991 acreage less than l00 acres. Male parent of Centennial is the same as that of Nugget (USDA 21193)."