High-yielding, floral American aroma type developed by the USDA breeding program in Oregon and released in 1972. Well-balanced bittering qualities with medium amounts of alpha acids. Very tolerant to Downy Mildew but highly susceptible to aphids. Mid-season maturity.
Cascade Rhizome Flavor
Very successful and well-established American aroma hop developed by Oregon State University's breeding program in 1956 from Fuggle and Serebrianker (a Russian variety), but not released for cultivation until 1972. It has a flowery and spicy, citrus-like quality with a slight grapefruit characteristic. One of the "Three Cs" along with Centennial and Columbus. Substitutes: Centennial and Columbus (but they have a higher Alpha Acid content).(Reference)
Hop Growers of America InformationCascade is an aroma hop that was developed by the U.S.D.A. breeding program in Oregon and released in 1972. It has a medium strength aroma that provides a unique floral/spicy character with well balanced bittering potential. It is the most popular hop with the U.S. craft brewing industry.
- Commercial Examples:
- Pale Ale, IPA, Porter
- Acid Range (Alpha %)
- Beta Range
- 33–40% of alpha acids
- Total Oils
- 0.7–1.4 Mls. per 100 grams dried hops
- 45–60% of total oils
- 3.5–5.5% of total oils
- 10% of total oils
- 4% of total oils
- 48% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20° C
1792–2240 kilos per hectare
2008.832–2511.04 kilos per hectare
lbs. per acre
- Rhizome Growing Information
- High-yielding, floral American aroma type developed by the USDA breeding program in Oregon and released in 1972. Well-balanced bittering qualities with low amounts of alpha acids. Very tolerant to Downy Mildew but highly susceptible to aphids. Mid-season maturity.
USDA Cascade Rhizome Information
SELECTION: Not applicable
PEDIGREE: [Fuggle x (Serebrianka-Fuggle Seedling)] x OP Open pollinated seed collected on USDA 19124 in 1955
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis
ORIGIN: Heat-treated/meristem tip cultured USDA 56013 by C.B.
Skotland, Prosser, WA
DATE RECEIVED: 1974; USDA Accession No. assigned in 1974.
METHOD RECEIVED: Rooted cutting
AVAILABILITY: commercial cultivar, no restrictions
REFERENCES: Brooks, S.N., C.E. Homer, S.T. Likens, and C.E. Zimmermann. Registration of Cascade hop (Registration
No. 1). Crop Sci. 12:394. 1972.
Homer, C.E., S.T. Likens, C.E. Zimmermann, and A. Haunold. Cascade, a new continental-type hop variety for
the U.S. Brewer's Digest 47:56-62. 1972.
Haunold, A. Development of hop varieties. Zymurgy 13(4): 15-23. 1990. Probasco, G. Hop varieties grown in the U.S.A. Brauwelt
International, 1985(1):30-34. 1985.
USDA Annual Report for Hop Research 1974, pp. 19-20.
MATURITY: Medium to medium late
LEAF COLOR: Medium green to dark green
SEX: Female; occasionally produces a few sterile flowers
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: resistant in the crown, moderately
susceptible in shoots and cones
Verticillium wilt: moderately resistant or tolerant
Viruses: free of Prunus Necrotic Ringspot virus and Apple
Mosaic Virus; infected with Hop Mosaic, Hop
Latent, and American Hop Latent viruses.
VIGOR: Very good
YIELD: Very good, 1800-2200 lbs/acre
SIDEARM LENGTH: 20-30 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 6.3% (7-year range 5.1-8.9%)
BETA ACIDS: 5.6% (7-year range 3.6-7.5%)
STORAGE STABILITY: poor (retained 40% of original alpha acids after 6 months room temperature storage)
OIL: 1.24 ml/100 g
MAJOR TRAITS: Crown resistance to downy mildew; ratio of alpha/beta acids similar to European aroma hops; contains small amounts of farnesene (about 4%), H/C ratio - 2.67; 10% humulene.
OTHER INFORMATION: Virtually identical to USDA 56013, except for slightly higher yield and quality potential. Mostly grown in Washington where the alpha acids content is often slightly lower than beta, resulting in an alpha/beta ratio below 1. Total 1991 production 2.54 mill. lbs. on 1240 acres, all in Washington; 1997 production 2.11 mill. Lbs, all in Washington. Craft/microbrewers love this hop for its distinctive flavor.