Rhizome Information

Freshops Rhizome letters

Hop Planting Season is March to May

We accept Rhizome orders after March 1st.

Rhizome Variety List

Not all varieties are available at all times.

Check the Current Web Store list to check availability and place orders.

All rhizomes offered by Freshops are female.

Click on the variety for a detailed USDA description.

Thank you, Happy Hoppin'!

* Recommended beginner varieties (Cascade, Magnum and Nugget).

Variety Description Alpha %
Brewer's Gold High-yielding sister to Bullion yet highly susceptible to all hop diseases, ancestor to most major high alpha varieties with origins in 1919, grown mainly in southern Germany. Alpha acid content can fluctuate seasonally from environmental influences. 8-10
Canadian Redvine An organic hop with vigorous growth, excellent yield, good storage stability and moderate disease resistance that is considered ornamental by some, a secret treasure by others. Comparable to the highly popular Cascade. 5-6
Cascade* High-yielding, floral American aroma type developed by the USDA breeding program in Oregon and released in 1972. Well-balanced bittering qualities with low amounts of alpha acids. Very tolerant to Downy Mildew but highly susceptible to aphids. Mid-season maturity. 5-6
Centennial Good yielding, balanced variety released in 1990, sometimes referred to as a super Cascade with its higher alpha content, produces a medium-sized dense cone that matures mid-season. Moderate disease resistance. 8-10
Chinook Good yielding, high alpha hop released through the USDA breeding program in 1985 by crossing a Petham Golding and a select US male. Matures mid to late season with good storage stability, reasonable tolerance to infection and mildew and highly tolerant to insects. 10-13
Crystal A good-yielding, vigorous triploid aroma-type cultivar released in 1993, half-sister to Mt. Hood, Liberty & Ultra. Produces a small cone later in the season with tolerance to Downy Mildew. 3-5
Fuggle The dominant hop variety in England for 70 years until high alpha varieties were introduced. A low-to-moderate yielding aroma variety that matures early to mid-season and remains susceptible to Verticillium wilt. Grown in Slovenia as Styrian Golding and in the US as Oregon Fuggle. 4-5
Hallertauer   “Hallertauer Mittelfrüher” is the traditional German name for this low-yielding aroma variety which is rapidly disappearing due to disease susceptibility (no longer planted in Verticillium wilt-threatened area). Medium to late harvest maturity. 3-5
Kent Golding Golding hops consist of a group of traditional English aroma varieties that have been cultivated since 1790. Clones of the variety mature at various stages over the harvest period. A moderate- to high-yielding aroma variety first planted in the US in 1995 and continues to grow in popularity despite susceptibility to mildews and wilt. 4-6
Magnum* A late-maturing Hallertauer hybrid developed at the Hop Research Institute in Hüll (Germany) with excellent yield potential, high alpha content, good storage stability and resistance to wilt and Downy Mildew, low tolerance to Powdery Mildew. Germany’s second largest hop variety; limited US acreage. 11-17
Mt. Hood Hallertauer hybrid that was released in 1989 from the USDA breeding program in Oregon. More vigorous and disease resistant than its German counterparts with low alpha acids, beta acids and cohumulone but high humulene content. 4-6
Newport New alpha acid variety with high bittering value released in 2002 that is high-yielding and multi-disease resistant with moderate storage stability. Its large yields and strong resistance to current races of Powdery Mildew in the Pacific Northwest makes it grower-friendly. 9-17
Northern Brewer Low to moderate yielding bittering hop developed from a cross between Brewers Gold and Canterbury Gold in the 1940s; resistant to Verticillium wilt but susceptible to Powdery mildew and Peronospora. Grown prolifically in the Hallertau region with acreage in Belgium and Spain. 7-9
Nugget* A high-yielding, high alpha, vigorous, disease resistant variety that has become Oregon’s second most widely-grown hop since its release from the USDA breeding program in 1983. It has significant acreage in Washington State as well. Low cohumulone percentage and good storage capability. 12-15
Saaz A low-yield, low-vigor, noble variety renowned for its high quality aroma that originates from the Czech Republic. Recent hybridization attempts to improve its disease resistance prompted fears that this might affect its signature aroma quality but there appears to be no adverse effect in this regard. 3-5
Spalt Select A moderate-yielding, moderate vigor aroma type grown in Germany in the Hallertau and Spalt regions and in the US in Washington State. Late maturing and tolerant to Verticillium Wilt, Downy Mildew and Peronspora. 4-6
Sterling A Saaz hybrid released in 1998 that displays similar noble aroma and oil composition to the Czech variety, good yield and moderately resistant to Downy Mildew, generally considered a favorable Saaz replacement. Mid-season maturity. 6-9
Sunbeam Saaz hybrid characterized by golden yellow leaves; developed in 1990 at the USDA breeding program in Oregon; vigorous with early maturity and good yield; moderate resistance to Downy Mildew and Verticillium Wilt. Despite its name, prefers filtered sun; excellent ornamental choice. 4-5
Tettnanger An aroma variety grown mainly in the Tettnang region of southern Germany with good to moderate vigor, low to medium yield, good resistance to Verticillium Wilt and average resistance to Peronospora. Comparable to the English Fuggle. 3-6
Ultra A triploid seedling of the Hallertauer variety with good mid-season yield, good vigor that tends to produce a top-crop, moderately resistant to Downy Mildew and no major reactions to virus infection. 3-5
Willamette A triploid hybrid of the English Fuggle released in 1976 from the USDA breeding program. The most popular American aroma hop with approximately 20% of the total U.S. acreage; grown almost exclusively in Oregon and Washington. Moderate yield, matures early to mid-season, tolerant to Downy Mildew, resistant to viral infection. 4-6
Zeus New, super high alpha variety with noticeable bitterness developed in the Yakima (WA) Valley as part of the Hopsteiner breeding program; vigorous growth with good yield, mid-to late-season maturity; moderately susceptible to Powdery Mildew, aphids and mites; sister to Columbus and Tomahawk. 15.0

The following were sources for the descriptions above:
Charles Faram & Co Ltd
CSU Specialty Crops Program
Hop Growers of America
Hopsteiner
Hop Union
Next Generation Organics
The Thyme Garden Herb Company

6 varieties of #1 rhizomes after they have been selected and processed for shipping

6 varieties of regular rhizomes after they have been selected and processed for shipping.

Regular #1 rhizome

A regular first-year rhizome from Freshops.
4 to 5 buds per 4-6 inch shoot.

General Characteristics

Rhizomes' sizes are a function of age, maturity and cultivation.

Rhizomes are selected on the basis of viable buds or potential new shoots. We use several criteria to select only viable rootstock.

Regular rhizomes take at least 1 year to become established. The second year will produce a full crop.

Hop Powdery Mildew

Hop Powdery Mildew 6/21/97
Washington Infection Site

Quarantine restrictions

Due to the detection of hop powdery mildew in 1997, a hop disease quarantine is in effect. The quarantine prevents shipping of hop plants to all of Washington State or internationally. We regret the inconvenience.

For a more detailed description of hop powdery mildew, see: O.D.A. Exotic Pest & Disease Alert