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Alpha Acid Percentages

NameAcid Range (Alpha %)Flavor PerceptionCommercial Example
Willamette Hops 4-6% The king of aroma hops in the U.S. with its modest bittering value and sublime blend of flowers, fruit, earth and spice notes.Ales, Lagers
Tardif de Bourgogne Hops 3-4% French hop, used as an aromatic in continental lagers.Continental Lagers
Simcoe Hops YCR-14cv. 12-15% In 2000, Select Botanicals Group released the Simcoe Brand YCR 14 hop variety which is an aroma variety known for its versatility and unique characteristics. Simcoe Brand hops boasts several different aromas including passion fruit, pine, earthy, and citrus, and also has strong bittering qualities with an alpha acid level of 12%-14%. It is used extensively in the craft and home brewing industry.Pale Ales, IPAs, Red Ales, Strong Ales
Saaz Hops 4.5% An aromatic blend of earth and spice with a low bittering value.European Noble Ales
Perle Hops 7-9.5% German dual-purpose hop. Often used in combination with other hops. Spicy and slightly floral/fruity.Hefeweizens, Strong Ales, Lagers, Pilsners, Kolsch
Nugget Hops 11.5-14% Floral, resiny aroma and flavor. Primarily a bittering hop.Ales, Stouts
Mt. Hood Hops 4-7% Mt. Hood rhizome is a Hallertauer triploid hybrid with good yield, good vigor. Mt. Hood is a half-sister to Ultra, Liberty & Crystal.Lagers, Pilsners, Bocks, Wheat, Alt, and Helles beers
Mosaic ® Hops HBC 369 cv. 11.5-13.5% Mosaic™ Brand HBC 369 cv is a daughter of the YCR 14 cv hop variety and a Nugget derived male. It has high alpha acids and tropical, blueberry, tangerine, floral, and earthy aromas.Brown Ales, IPAs, Pale Ales
Magnum Hops 12% A high alpha acid bittering hop with mild flavor and low aromatic characteristics. Commercial examples include. 12-15% alpha acid.Ales, Lagers, IPAs
Lambic Hops 1-2% Popular American development in 1976 of the English Fuggle. Named for the Willamette Valley, an important hop-growing area. It has a character similar to Fuggle, but is more fruity and has some floral notes.Lambics
Golding Hops 4-6% Flowery tones that have produced some of England’s best bitters.All English-style beers (Ales, ESB, Bitter), Belgian-style Ales
Fuggle Hops 4-5.5% This variety was noticed growing "wild" in the hop garden of George Stace Moore's house at Horsmonden in Kent, England in 1861. In 1875 it was introduced by Richard Fuggle who lived in the village of Brenchley (not far from Horsmonden) and hence it was called Fuggle. The aroma is earthier and less sweet than Kent Goldings.English-style beers (particularly Stout), American Ales
CTZ Hops 14-17% Columbus hops rank high on the bittering scale, yet are also valued for its oil content which creates a hop that is an interesting dichotomy of sharp and herbal.American IPAs & Pale Ales, Stout, Lager
Crystal Hops 3.5-6.2% An American triploid variety developed in 1993 from Hallertau, Cascade, Brewer's Gold and Early Green. It is spicier than Hallertau (cinnamon, black pepper, and nutmeg). Substitutes: any Hallertau variety, Mount Hood, Liberty.German-style Pilsner, Lager, Kölsch, ESB, Belgian Ales
Citra Hops HBC 394 cv. 12-16% Citra Brand is a registered trademark used with HBC 394 cv special aroma hop variety developed by the Hop Breeding Company (a joint venture between John I. Haas, Inc. and Select Botanicals Group, LLC). It was released in 2007. Citra Brand hops have fairly high alpha acids and total oil contents with a low percentage of cohumulone content. Citra Brand hops imparts interesting citrus and tropical fruit characters to beer.
Chinook Hops 12-14% This green bine cultivar (W-421-38) was released in May 1985 in Washington State and Idaho from a cross between a Petham Golding and a USDA-selected male (63012M). Slightly spicy and very piney. Its alpha acid content ranges from 12 to 14%.Most beer styles, from Pale Ales to Lagers
Centennial Hops 9.5-11.5% American aroma-type variety bred in 1974 and released in September 1990 by S.T. Kenny and C.E. Zimmermann, the breeders of this variety. Similar to Cascade and Chinook. The genetic composition is 3/4 Brewers Gold, 3/32 Fuggle, 1/6 East kent Golding, 1/32 Bavarian and 1/16 Unknown. One of the "Three Cs" along with Cascade and Columbus. Centennial is often referred to as a 'Super Cascade', since it has a strong citrus aroma.Ales, IPAs
Cascade Hops 4.5-7% Very successful and well-established American aroma hop developed by Oregon State University's breeding program in 1956 from Fuggle and Serebrianker (a Russian variety), but not released for cultivation until 1972. It has a flowery and spicy, citrus-like quality with a slight grapefruit characteristic. One of the "Three Cs" along with Centennial and Columbus. Substitutes: Centennial and Columbus (but they have a higher Alpha Acid content).Pale Ales, IPAs, Porters
Amarillo Hops 7-11% Amarillo hops have a flowery, citrus-like aroma with medium bittering value that is gaining acceptance as a substitute for Cascade due to its hardy nature.Ales, IPAs